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Uninterruptible Power Supply

UPS is a device that provides battery
backup when the electrical power fails or
drops to an unacceptable voltage level.

OFF LINE UPS 2 . LINE INTERACTIVE UPS 3. . LINE INTERACTIVE UPS Hear the inverter plays a dual role of charging the battery when mains supply is present as well as regulating the output voltage and working as a normal inverter in absence of mains Supply. ONLINE UPS OFFLINE UPS Hear incoming mains supply directly through to the output usually through a relay contact The UPS switches on its inverter as soon as mains supply failure is detected the output relay change to the inverter side to supply battery sourced power to the load. TYPES OF UPS 1.

So these are suitable for use by any application that demands high quality electrical supply. ONLINE UPS Hear double conversion technology used First AC to DC and then DC to AC to the output. the battery starts to supply to the DC portion instead of the rectifier. . 3. When the utility blacks out. it's output waveform is the most perfect of all. As the output power is constantly generated by the inverter.

Increased number of clamping diodes. Neutral point control for balanced voltages across the DC-link capacitors should be achieved for all conditions of operation. High efficiency for fundamental frequency switching. as a group. The three phases share a common DC-bus minimizing the capacitance requirements. 3. 2. DISADVANTAGES 1. THIRED LAVEL INVERTER TECHONOLOGY ADVANTAGES 1. Current Trends in ONLINE UPS Technology 1. . The DC-link capacitors can be pre-charged. 2.

DSP technology provides a cost-effective alternative to control multiple power converters. In short. more intelligent functional equivalents. It gives increased power efficiency. increased reliability and a greater immunity to noise. The DSP feedback and control loops are implemented digitally so there is no need for compensation for component tolerance. Plus it is compact and light. and mechanical bypass switches with smaller. The DSP has integrated functions selected for sophisticated embedded controls. 2. It replaces of bulky transformers. in UPS applications. with DSP all the control implementations are digital. and meets the demands of advanced power topologies . relays. DSP CONTROLLER TECHONOLOGY A DSP controller provides an improved and cost-effective solution for UPS design. with high performance. DSP implementation has fewer parts. and power density. Except for signal conditioning and actuators that provide the interface between the DSP and the power circuitry.

If a power module fails. The resilience of the modular design removes the potential for a single point of failure that you have with a traditional standalone UPS and provides the highest level of reliability and availability. If a battery module fails the only consequence is a slight reduction in the back up time available until the faulty module is replaced with a new one. . the redundant module takes over and you simply replace the faulty module with out down time or a loss of UPS back up. the connected load of a modular UPS will remain unaffected by a major fault. MODULER UPS Unlike traditional standalone UPS. 3.