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A barometer is a scientific

instrument used to measure
atmospheric pressure. It can
measure the pressure exerted
by the atmosphere by using
water, air, or mercury. Pressure
tendency can forecast short
term changes in the weather.
Numerous measurements of air
pressure are used within
surface weather analysis to help
find surface troughs, high
pressure systems, and frontal

when the air pressure is higher. the water level in the spout will drop below the water level in the body.Water-based barometer: When the air pressure is lower than it was at the time the body was sealed. the water level in the spout will rise above the water level in the body. .


The weight of the mercury actually creates a vacuum in the top of the tube.Mercury barometers: A mercury barometer has a glass tube of at least 33 inches (about 84 cm) in height. High atmospheric pressure places more force on the reservoir. forcing mercury higher in the column. . Low pressure allows the mercury to drop to a lower level in the column by lowering the force placed on the reservoir. with an open mercury-filled reservoir at the base. closed at one end.

. Small changes in external air pressure cause the cell to expand or contract. The evacuated capsule (or usually more capsules) is prevented from collapsing by a strong spring. This aneroid capsule (cell) is made from an alloy of beryllium and copper. flexible metal box called an aneroid cell.Modern aneroid barometer: An aneroid barometer uses a small.


It is used by flyers and. . essentially is a barometer whose scale was converted to meters or feet. Altimeter The altimeter is a barometer which shows the altitude over sea level in some place. It is metallic and twice graduated.

. Barogram The barogram is a device derived from the barometer which keeps a record of the changes on the atmospheric pressure throughout a period of time as the seismograph does.

. The barometer is the base of the meteorological prognostics. Fortin’s barometer It is used in meteorological stations and has the name of the physicist who improved it. It works with the variation of the moisture in the air.

 At higher temperatures more chaotic movement between molecules of liquid. reducing its density  The density of mercury will change with temperature .

 As the air pressure will be decreased at altitudes above sea level  The actual reading of the instrument will be dependent upon its location .

depending on the could be vibration. increase or decrease in atmospheric pressure.  For a sample. but are less sensitive than mercury barometers . metal. it is convenient to make measurements at fixed times  The most practical and and at the same site during the portable barometers are the taking of all data. Barometers as a  It is advisable to use the recommendation must be placed barometer to forecast weather always in the direction north. and with 12 or 24 hours in away from places where there advance.