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PENGETAHUAN

DASAR
AUTOMOTIVE

Kendaraan adalah
 Alat angkutan baik orang maupun
barang.
 Automobile berarti kendaraan yang
mempunyai tenaga penggerak sendiri.
 Dalam bahasa Indonesia Automobile
biasa disebut mobil.

Syarat kendaraan :

 Dapat mengangkut barang maupun
penumpang
 Memiliki tenaga penggerak sendiri
 Dapat dikendalikan dan dihentikan
dengan mudah
 Nyaman dan aman

Bagian – bagian utama kendaraan :

 Body ( badan kendaraan )
 Frame ( rangka )
 Engine ( mesin )
 Power train ( pemindah daya )
 Suspension ( suspensi )
 Brake ( rem )
 Wheel ( roda )
 Steering ( kemudi )

BODY .

FRAME .

MONOCOQUE .

ENGINE  In – Line Engine  V – Engine  W – Engine  Boxer / Opossed Engine  Radial Engine .

In – Line Engine .

V .Engine .

W .Engine .

Boxer / Opossed Engine .

Radial Engine .

Rear Drive ) – Mesin di depan menggerakkan roda belakang  RR ( Rear Engine.POWER TRAIN  FF ( Front Engine. Rear Drive ) – Mesin di belakang menggerakkan roda belakang  4 WD ( Fourth Wheel Drive ) – Mesin menggerakkan empat roda . Front Drive ) – Mesin di depan menggerakkan roda depan  FR ( Front Engine.

Front Drive ) .FF ( Front Engine.

FR ( Front Engine. Rear Drive ) .

Rear Drive ) .RR ( Rear Engine.

4 WD ( Fourth Wheel Drive ) .

SUSPENSION .

Gas Type Shock Absorber  Stabilizer .Suspensi  Konstruksi – Rigid – Independent – Multi Link Suspension – Center Wishbone  Komponen – Spring : Leaf Spring. Coil Spring. Double Action. Torsion Bar – Shock Absorber : Single Action.

Rigid .

Independent .

Multi Link Suspension .

Mac Pherson .

WISHBONE SUSPENSION .

HIDROPNEUMATIC SUSPENSION .

LEAF SPRING .

COIL SPRING .

Torsion Bar .

Single Action .

Double Action .

Gas Type .

STABILIZER .

BRAKE .

WHEEL .

Steering  Konstruksi  Turning Radius – Rack & Pinion  Power Steering – Bolt and Nut  Tilt Steering  Model – 2 Wheel Steering – 4 Wheel Steering .

Rack & Pinion .

Ball & Nut .

2 Wheel Steering .

4 Wheel Steering .

Power Steering .

EPS ( Electronic Power Steering ) .

Tilt Steering .