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OCCUPATIONAL

DISEASES
DEFINITION?
Occupational diseases are the
diseases caused by work or
work environment.

These diseases occur among


workers exposed to specific
hazards.
CHARACTERISTICS
Clinical and pathological
presentation is similar to that of non-
occupational diseases.
May occur after the termination of
exposure
The clinical manifestations are
related to dose and timing of exposure
Occupational factors can work in
combination with non-occupational
factors to produce disease
SOME HIGH RISK
OCCUPATIONS
Hair dressing
Catering
Health care
Printing
Metal machining
Motor vehicle repair
construction
OCCUPATIONAL
HAZARDS
Physical
Chemical
Biological
Mechanical
Psychological
Social
MAJOR CATEGORIES OF
OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS BY ORGAN
SYSTEM
Musculoskeletal disorders
Respiratory disorders
Neurologic and psychiatric disorders
Skin disorders
Reproductive and development disorders
Cardiovascular disorders
Hematologic disorders
Hepatic disorders
Renal and urinary disorders
DIAGNOSIS

Physical examination
Chest x-ray
Pulmonary function test
Biologic monitoring
Audiometry
Lung biopsy
TREATMENT
Bronchodilators
Oxygen therapy
Respiratory physiotherapy
Postural drainage
Nebulization
PREVENTION OF
OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES
THANK
YOU