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You are on page 1of 9

1

Class Intervals

When there is a large range of data, it can be collected

into equal class intervals (classes). The number of

intervals is usually between 5 and 20.

Class Limits

2

Class Width (Class length/ class size)

Use True Class limits to calculate class width: eg

19 15 = 4 which is not correct

but 19.5 14.5 = 5 which is the correct width.

Note: all classes must be the same width if measures

like mode etc. are to be meaningful.

Intervals with an odd numbered width are easier to

work with, since the class midpoint (class centre, class

score, class mark!!) is used in calculations.

Class Midpoint upper class lim it lower class lim it

Class Midpo int

2

You can use True Class Limits or Stated Class Limits to

calculate this. ( best to use True for consistency.)

3

Example Computing the Mode and Mean for

Grouped Data

To calculate the

Interval f CF xM fxM mean use the

51-60 3 3 55.5 166.5 class center or

midpoint.

61-70 4 7 65.5 262.0

71-80 11 18 75.5 830.5 fxM

x

81-90 7 25 85.5 598.5 f

Total 25 1857.5 1857.5

x

25

The highest frequency is 11. This goes with a

class of 71-80. The modal class is 71-80.

= 74.3

4

Example Computing the Median for Grouped

Data

n 1

The median position =

2

Interval f CF 25 1

2

51-60 3 3

=13th

61-70 4 7

The 13th score is required. A

71-80 11 18 cumulative frequency column can help

you find this.

81-90 7 25

The median class is 71-80

Total 25 Problem: Often a single median score

is needed rather than a median class.

5

You can interpolate the median from the table

with grouped data using the formula

i

Median L C where

f

i is how many frequencies into that class that

you need to go

f is how many frequencies there are in the

class

C is the class width

This matches the method in example 23 on page 66

6

The Median Score is the 13th

score. It is in class 71-80. That

is 70.5 - 80.5

i

Median L C

f

L = 70.5 (True Lower limit Median class)

i = 6 (I have 7 scores below the

median class, I need to go to

13, so 6 more needed.)

f = 11 (71-80 occurred 11 times)

C = 10 (Class width)

Median

6

70.5 + 10

11

75.95

7

11 Maths B Text pages 66 & 68

Page 70 & 73

Exercise 2.3

Question 4 a-c, 16, 20

8

Some Important Notes

You must mark True Class Limits on the number

line in a histogram, polygon or ogive. (You may

label as you like but the measures must be true)

When putting grouped data into your calculator

use class centres except when drawing an ogive in

which case you enter true UPPER class limits.

When using your ogive to find percentiles, median

etc, use the method on page (Maths B)63 & 64

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