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ROOF DECKS

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ROOF DECKS
Objectives:
Functions of Roof Decks
Types of Decks
Slopes and Drainage

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Deck Function

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FUNCTION
As part of the roof assembly the deck should
be designed to provide:
Structural support

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Structural Support

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Structural Support
A deck transfers the weight of live and dead loads
to supporting framing members.
Joist
Purlins
Subpurlins

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Example of a PURLIN

Sub Purlin
Purlin

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Whats wrong with this picture?
Structural Support

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FUNCTION
Dimensional Stability

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Expansion Joint on a Road.

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Dimensional Stability
Decks must Accommodate Building Movement

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FUNCTION
Fire Resistance

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FUNCTION
Attachment

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Show Ballooned EPDM
ATTACHMENT
Did this deck stand up to the high winds?

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SLOPE & DRAINAGE

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SLOPE & DRAINAGE
Slope is provided by:
Sloping the structural framing

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SLOPE & DRAINAGE
Slope is provided by:
Sloping the structural
framing
Tapered insulation

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SLOPE & DRAINAGE
Slope is provided by:
Sloping the structural framing
Tapered insulation
Insulating fills

Expanded Polystyrene (EPS)

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SLOPE & DRAINAGE

Slope is provided by:


Sloping the structural
framing
Tapered insulation
Insulating fills
Combinations of the
above

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SLOPE & DRAINAGE

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DEFLECTION

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DECK DEFLECTION

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BUILDING & ROOF MOVEMENTS

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Video Welcome to Canam1
EXPANSION JOINTS

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EXPANSION JOINTS
What should be considered in the design and
placement of expansion joints?
The building's thermal movement
characteristics
The structural supports and roof deck
The roof system selected
The climatic conditions

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EXPANSION JOINTS
Where should we install expansion joints?

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AREA DIVIDERS
Also called Control Joints or Relief Joints
Whats the difference between an expansion joint and
area divider?

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DECK TYPES
The most common types are:
Cementitious wood-fiber deck panels
Lightweight insulating concrete and fills
Poured gypsum concrete
Precast gypsum panel
Steel
Structural concrete (cast-in-place, post-
tensioned and precast/prestressed)
Thermosetting insulating fills
Wood-plank and structural wood-panel decks28
STRUCTURAL CONCRETE
The three general types of structural concrete
roof decks are:
Cast-in-place - Concretes that are cast on a job-site
over form material and are reinforced with steel bar
and/or wire mesh embedded in a deck.
Post-tensioned - Reinforcement cables or tendons
are tensioned after the concrete has been cast and
taken a set.
Precast/prestressed - Cast at a manufacturing
facility and transported to a job site.
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STRUCTURAL CONCRETE DECKS

Cast in place concrete roof decks 30


POST TENSIONED CONCRETE

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PRE-STRESSED CONCRETE

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PRECAST/PRE-STRESSED CONCRETE

1. THE FIRST STEP IN PRETENSIONING IS TO STRETCH THE STEEL PRESTRESSING STRANDS TIGHTLY
ACROSS THE CASTING BED.

2. CONCRETE IS CAST AROUND THE STRETCHED STRANDS AND CURED.


THE CONCRETE BONDS TO THE STRANDS.

3. WHEN THE STRANDS ARE CUT, THE CONCRETE GOES INTO COMPRESSION AND THE BEAM
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TAKES ON A CAMBER ENABLING THE MEMBER TO ACCOMMODATE GREATER LOADING.
PRESTRESSED CONCRETE DECK
UNITS

HOLLOW CORE SLAB

SOLID SLAB DOUBLE TEE SINGLE TEE

Wake up fool
Mr. T & listen to the
instructor!

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Lightweight Insulating Concrete

Expanded Polystyrene (EPS)

Expanded Polystyrene (EPS)

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Lightweight Insulating Concrete

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PRECAST CONCRETE

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PRECAST CONCRETE

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DECK TYPES
Cementitious wood-fiber deck panels

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Cementitious Wood-Fiber Deck Panels

Lightweight insulating concrete & fills

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DECK TYPES

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WOOD-PLANK DECKS

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TONGUE & GROOVE

Groove

Tongue

Bead

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WOOD-PLANK DECKS

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PLYWOOD & ORIENTED STRAND
BOARD (OSB) DECKS

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WOOD DECKS

Fire Mold

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STEEL DECKS

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Show: N.J Roofers Falls 40
STEEL DECKS

Flute

Flange
Flange

Rib
Rib
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STEEL DECKS
Rib Flange
Width Dimension

Rib
Depth
Web

Rib Spacing Flute


Rib

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STEEL DECKS
30

Approximately
6

1
Nominal

3/8 Minimum
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STEEL DECK
30
1
6

1
Nominal

Minimum

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STEEL DECKS
30

6
2

1
Nominal

1
Minimum 52
STEEL DECKS
Approximately
8

3
Nominal

1 53
Minimum
STEEL DECK REPAIRS
Metal deck panels with multiply
openings may require
supplemental framing designed
by an engineer

Attach plate to
deck (4 Fasteners
Minimum)

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WOOD NAILERS & CURBS

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Thank You

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