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GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY

**Part V Cost of Using Electrical Energy
**

F3 C8 GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY

**Power, Voltage, and Current rating
**

Power rate of energy changed Different electrical appliances converts electrical energy at different rates SI unit of power watt(W) or joule per second

**Power, Voltage, and Current rating
**

Lets say, 1 item has P & V rating of 1000 W, 230 V ± This appliance is operated at a power of 1000W if it is connected to a 230 V mains. ± If the voltage supplied is less than 230 V, the appliance will be operated at a power less than 1000 W ± But if the voltage supplied is more than 230 V, the power will be more than 1000 W and might damage it!

Example 1

Calculate the electrical power of a 12 V bulb operating on a current of 1.5 A

Example 2

A desk fan has a voltage of 240 V and uses a current of 2.0 A. what is its power?

Example 3

A 240 V television has a power of 120 W. Calculate the current rating of the television

**Electrical Energy and Power
**

Electrical Power

± the rate which an appliance converts electrial energy into other forms of energy ± Measure in watts (W) or kilowatts (kW). ± A 1 kW electrical heater will change 1000 joules of electrical energy per second into heat energy

Example 4

A 100 W light bulb is used for 5 minutes. Calculate the amount of electrical energy converted into heat and light

Example 5

If a 40 W light bulb uses 1600 J of electrical energy, how long was it switched on?

**Calculating the cost of electrical energy usage
**

TNB uses kilowatt-hour (kWh) to measure electrical energy, instead of Joules Electrical energy is calculated in terms of unit. 1 kWh is equivalent to 1 unit of electrical energy

Example 6

If the rate per unit of electrical energy is 20 cent, calculate the amout you have to pay if you switch on a 900 W air conditional for 5 hours

Example 7

A 100 W light bulb is switched on from 7.00 pm until 7.00 am every day. Calculate the cost of electrical energy used for one month (30 days) if the rate of electrical energy is 21.8 cent per unit

**[PMR 2009/P1/Q36]
**

Table 3 shows the usage of two electrical appliances. Calculate the total cost of the electricity used if the electrical energy is 21 cent per unit. Electrical appliance Power Time taken

Kettle Air conditioner 2.0 kW 1.5 kW 2 hours 4 hours

A. B. C. D.

RM 0.84 RM 1.26 RM 2.10 RM 13.44

**[PMR 2009/P1/Q36]
**

Table 3 shows the usage of two electrical appliances. Calculate the total cost of the electricity used if the electrical energy is 21 cent per unit. Electrical appliance Power Time taken

Kettle Air conditioner 2.0 kW 1.5 kW 2 hours 4 hours

A. B. C. D.

RM 0.84 RM 1.26 RM 2.10 RM 13.44

Answer: C

**[PMR 2008/P1/Q38]
**

An electrical appliance labeled 240 V, 750 W is used for 60 hours. What is the cost of the electrical energy used if the cost per unit is 30 cents?

A. B. C. D. RM 3.60 RM 4.32 RM 6.75 RM 13.50

**[PMR 2008/P1/Q38]
**

An electrical appliance labeled 240 V, 750 W is used for 60 hours. What is the cost of the electrical energy used if the cost per unit is 30 cents?

A. B. C. D. RM 3.60 RM 4.32 RM 6.75 RM 13.50 Answer: D

**[PMR 2006/P1/Q36]
**

Diagram 23 shows an electric kettle that has been used for boiling water for 1 hour everyday for 30 days. [Kettle: 240 V, 1500 W] Calculate the total cost of the electrical energy used if the cost of one unit is RM0.20.

A. B. C. D. RM 6 RM 7 RM 8 RM 9

**[PMR 2006/P1/Q37]
**

Diagram 23 shows an electric kettle that has been used for boiling water for 1 hour everyday for 30 days. [Kettle: 240 V, 1500 W] Calculate the total cost of the electrical energy used if the cost of one unit is RM0.20.

A. B. C. D. RM 6 RM 7 RM 8 RM 9

Answer: D

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