# INTRODUCTION

TO
MULTIPLICATION
3 RD G R A D E Q UA RT E R 1 C Y C L E 1
I N V E S T I G AT I N G
THE CONCEPT OF
COMPARING METHODS FOR SOLVING
PROBLEMS
to solve the problem below.You may use the
• It’s Bailey’s birthday! She made a favor bag for
each of the 5 guests at her birthday party. She
put 3 stickers in each bag. How many stickers
were in the bags altogether?
COMPARING METHODS FOR SOLVING
PROBLEMS CONTINUED…
tablemates to solve! Use models or repeated
• Molly’s bookcase had 8 shelves. There were 6
books on each shelf. How many books did she
have?
EQUAL GROUPS

D AY 2
EXPLORING
• Use the equation, 3 x 4 = 12, to SYMBOLIC
R E P R E S E N TAT I O N S
–What does the 3 represent?
–What does the 4 represent?
–How is that different from 3 + 4?
–Which is greater: 3 x 4 or 3 + 4?
Why?
CREATING EQUAL GROUPS
• One way we can model a multiplication problem is by creating equal groups

7 x 3 = 21
• What does this problem mean?
• We know it’s multiplication because
of the multiplication sign and we
know it has a product of 21.
• What does the 7 mean?
• The 7 is the number of groups we
have.
• What does the 3 mean?
• The 3 is the number in each group.
• If we drew a model of this problem it
would look something like this:
CAN YOU CREATE EQUAL GROUPS FOR
THIS MULTIPLICATION PROBLEM?
•6 x 3
Equal Groups Repeated Commutative
CAN YOU CREATE EQUAL GROUPS FOR
THIS MULTIPLICATION PROBLEM?
•5 x 2
Equal Groups Repeated Commutative
CAN YOU CREATE EQUAL GROUPS FOR
THIS MULTIPLICATION PROBLEM?
•4 x 3
Equal Groups Repeated Commutative
CHECK IN
NAME:_________ CLASS: _______
•7x4
Equal Groups Repeated Commutative
REPEATED PRACTICE:
HOW MANY FISH? (ACCELERATION)
• Work to solve several multiplication problems with your
partner.
– Draw a card from your fishbowl stack to decide how many
fishbowls you will use.
– Draw a card from your fish stack to decide how many fish
will be in each bowl.
– Work with you partner to decide how many fish you have
altogether.
– Now show the drawing, addition sentence, and
multiplication sentence that go with your problem.
of Bowls of Fish Sentence Sentence
of Bowls of Fish Sentence Sentence
HOME PRACTICE

• Multiplication Making Equal Groups Sheet
– All problems
ARRAY

D AY 3
ENVISION VIDEO: TOPIC 1-1
• We will stop the video and discuss the questions as we
listen and watch!
• Table captains, please come see me to get the amount
of erasers your table will need.
WHAT IS AN ARRAY?
• An array is one way we can
illustrate or model a multiplication
problem!

• An array uses a set of pictures or
objects to show equal groups in
rows and columns.

• They can be written vertical or
horizontal
THINGS WE SEE IN ARRAYS
HOW MANY DONUTS?
Written in Words:

Multiplication Number Sentence:
HOW MANY APPLES?
Written in Words:

Multiplication Number Sentence:
HOW MANY STICKERS?
Written in Words:

Multiplication Number Sentence:
3x8

4x2

6x4
5x4

6x7

4x8
MULTIPLICATION
WORD PROBLEMS
D AY 4 : S M A R T N O T E B O O K
MULTIPLICATION WORD PROBLEMS
CHECK IN
• If Amy buys 4 tickets for the bus each day for 5 days, how many tickets did she buy?
Important Information: Multiplication Sentence: Repeated Addition:

Array or Equal Groups:
MULTIPLICATION WORD PROBLEMS
• John went on a trip and stopped 3 times each day to fill up with gas. His trip lasted 6 days. How
many times did he stop for gas?

Important Information: Multiplication Sentence: Repeated Addition:

Array or Equal Groups:
P O S T E R M AT H
W E N DY ’ S C AT, S U G A R , H A D 6
KITTENS. ALL OF THE KITTENS
W E R E F E M A L E . E AC H O F S U G A R ’ S
K I T T E N S H A D K I T T E N S TO O. E AC H
HAD 6 FEMALES AND 2 MALES.
H OW M A N Y “ G R A N D - K I T T E N S ”
D I D S U G A R H AV E ?
POSTER MATH Name: ________
• Wendy’s cat, Sugar, had 6 kittens. All of the kittens were female. Each of Sugar’s kittens had
kittens too. Each had 6 females and 2 males. How many “grand-kittens” did Sugar have?
IDENTIT Y AND
ZERO PROPERT Y
IDENTITY PROPERTY

• Guided Math Plans and activities
ZERO PROPERTY

• Guided Math Plans and activities
COMMUTATIVE
PROPERT Y
COMMUTATIVE PROPERTY

What do you notice?
What does the equal sign mean?
GUIDED MATH PLANS