THE EVOLUTION OF THE

EDUCATION SYSTEM IN
AMERICA
BY ANDRES JACOBO
THE HISTORY OF EDUCATION

• Education in America emerged through the colonies in the 17th century. Leaders of the
colonies and settlers stressed that all the villagers were entitled to learn the teachings of
the bible. This led to the creation of the education system in America. The name of the
first institution of education was the Boston Latin School. This, along with other schools
initially were not focused on academics. Instead the school’s main goal was to teach
students bible lessons, and family virtues. Over the course of time the system began to
change and the teaching courses were altered. Academic courses included Math, History,
English, and Science.
MEMBERS OF THE INSTITUTION

The major participants in the
education system starts off with the
school boards and the U.S department
of education oversee the institution.
Principals and counselors run the
schools to ensure stability and
progression. Teachers are the people
who teach/educate the students in the
classrooms and run the classrooms.
The education system is finalized with
the students.
MEMBERS VIEWS WITHIN THE INSTITUTION

• There has been a variety of views on the education system within those who are part of the institution.
According to a survey on teachers released by Primary Sources a whopping 98 percent of them believe
that teaching education is more than just a profession. Teachers were also recorded to have full support
on students with high expectations and full support. Teachers are the heartbeat of the education system,
Without teachers the whole system would fail, in fact there would be no system at all. In addition,
teacher longevity and teacher insurance is vital for the education system. Specifically in todays world
education should be the primary priority for America. The education board and system leaders have
often given teachers a lot to deal with. 82 percent of teachers stated that there are huge demands not
only on the students but the teachers as well. Other members such as the students have also included
their opinion. 90 percent of students states that they want good grades. The issue for them is that there
are not enough resources for them to reach academic success. Members of the education system
conclude that working together is essential for a productive institution in education.
VIEWS WITHIN THE
TEACHERS
• The graph on the right sums
up the percentage of teachers
with the issues revolving
education and its students.

Graph by Scholastic inc.
HOW DOES SOCIETY VIEW THE EDUCATION
SYSTEM IN AMERICA
• Members of society have all had similar views on education in America. Throughout the early
years society views on education have always been critical and honest. America as a whole has
maintained education as a principle value, but its citizens remain skeptical on the real value
that America has on education. There have been various issues involving the government, the
people, and education is America. Society in The United States have supported the idea of
good education for students, but are not in full support of the methods of teaching. For
example, American students scored lower in national tests than those in wealthier nations. In
addition Students also scored lower than those in countries with less resources. This factor,
including the poor funding made from the government has brought up the belief within
society that the system is not a successful one. Nevertheless society still remains optimistic
on the progression of the education system on the long run.
CHANGES IN THE EDUCATION SYSTEM

• The education system initially revolved with teachings in religion, family customs, and
cultural values. Over the years it began to include academics like math, science, and
history which is where that era began. With the introduction of technology, the education
system has changed significantly in terms of what is being taught, and how its being taught.
Other factors such as Significant changes in early involvement for students has a also
been implemented. Kindergarten is now a major component of student success with
changes in it involving the age of the student and the length of the class time. A variety of
influential and necessary programs have been introduced based on the location of the
school and the type of students it educates.
WHY DID THESE CHANGES IN EDUCATION
OCCUR
• A change in public education in America began in the year 1980. This change in education is known to be
the education reform. Some of these attempts to have a progressive path to education have included
some acts introduced by congress. For example the no child left behind act introduced by congress in
the year 2001 was targeted towards elementary and secondary education. The act implemented high
standards and significant educational goals in education so that students could achieve more success.
Perhaps the introduction and further innovation of technology has been the biggest change for education
in a very long time. According to Helena Baert of the Journal of Physical education, recreation, and dance
technology has “shown benefits in teaching and in learning. And this is true because technology is
everywhere, most students have innovative cell phones, the internet is stronger than ever, and the media
have all pushed technology strongly. Classes are even being taught with tablets because they have shown
to be very effective in education students and aiding teachers with good teaching results.
FEATURES OF EDUCATION THAT REMAIN INTACT

• . Features of the education system have changed in various ways, but some features
remain intact. One feature is the place where the student attends education. That place
otherwise known as a school remains with the same platform.These types of schools
include Pre-K for students age 4-6, elementary school for students in kindergarten
through 5th grade. Middle school for grades 6-8 and high school for students 9th through
12th grade. Education still occurs in a classroom with seats and desks being taught by a
teacher. The main goal of education is still to enhance student learning and development
DIFFERENT SOCIETIES WITHIN EDUCATION

• A main goal for the education system is to gain more funding from the government. Several states have been
receiving more aid in the past three years. This type of funding is for the benefit of low income students. The aid
is distributed among the students in the form of grants. These grants are distributed differently among each
state based on the amount of low income students that take advanced placement states. Funding per several
states is as follows. Each board of education receives different amounts based on student needs and test scores.
• California Department of education $10,736,965
• Nevada Department of education $ 435,616
• Texas Department of education $3,018,808
• New York Department of education $2,643,454
• Michigan Department of education $639,367
• Rhode Island Department of education $74,057
• Illinois Department of education $2,224,219
LOW INCOME STUDENTS IN THE EDUCATION SYSYEM

• Low income students may face the most
difficult challenges than any other type of
student in education. Low income in the
family household could become a conflict
with educational success for the student.
Now another issue is that students over
the years have attended low poverty and
high poverty schools. The change in this
can be seen on the chart on the right. A
span of 12 years have passed between
1999 and 2011that shows data on the
percentage of students that attend low
poverty and high poverty schools.

Chart by New America
organization
IMPROVING THE EDUCATION SYSTEM IN AMERICA
BASED ON CONFLICT
• The education institution is in the most progressive state in its history. It remains scarred by the unjust funding
brought to it by the government. Society needs to know that education in America is the main priority of the
country. The government is not all there with education yet being more focused on other topics in politics. I
would certainly have the government more involved in the education system and have equal funding for schools
across America. This is an issue because education is still not equal among certain areas. The investment has to
come from the roots. A way better training method for teachers must be in play, considering not many teachers
stay within the field after their first three years. Aside from this, having more respect from the school board
leaders to the teachers must be applied. Teachers must be supported from their bosses because that’s where
the connection begins. In order for the system to improve the people involved in the system must have families
involved to the fullest. Another addition would be to help with student aid. A lot of students fear education
because of financial issues but it shouldn’t be a barrier for them to succeed. Schools must have better
connections with the government to ass Society will appreciate this and see the change as a positive one. The
goal would be to have better test scores for students and more students applying to college.
CITATIONS

• Education Department Awards 40 States, D.C., and the Virgin Islands $28.4 Million in Grants to Help Low-Income Students Take Advanced Placement
Tests. Federal Information & News Dispatch, Inc, Lanham, 2014, Education Collection; ProQuest Central,
https://login.ezp.pasadena.edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1552689764?accountid=28371.

• Smyth, John C. "Environment and Education: A View of a Changing Scene." Environmental Education Research, vol. 12, no. 3/4, July 2006, pp. 247-264.
EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/13504620600942642.

• Porter, Eduardo. "School vs. Society in America's Failing Students." The New York Times. The New York Times, 03 Nov. 2015. Web. 07 Aug. 2017.

• "11 Facts About the History of Education in America." The American Board Blog. The American Board, 18 Jan. 2017. Web. 07 Aug. 2017.

• "40,000 Teachers Give Their Views on Education Reform in "Primary Sources: America's Teachers on America's Schools"." Bill & Melinda Gates
Foundation. N.p., n.d.Web. 07 Aug. 2017.

• "What Do Teachers Really Think About Education Reform?" Shanker Institute. Shaker institute, 23 Feb. 2015. Web. 07 Aug. 2017.

• Sources, Primary . "PRIMARY SOURCES Third Edition." Primary Sources Third Edition | Scholastic Inc. Scholastic, n.d.Web. 07 Aug. 2017.

• Baert, Helena. "Technology Strategies to Address Grade-Level Outcomes: National Standards 1 and 2." Journal of Physical Education, Recreation &
Dance, vol. 86, no. 7, 2015, pp. 40-45, Education Collection; ProQuest Central,
https://login.ezp.pasadena.edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1710753233?accountid=28371.

• "Education Has Changed Over The Years Education Essay." UKessays.com. 11 2013. All Answers Ltd. 08 2017
<https://www.ukessays.com/essays/education/education-has-changed-over-the-years-education-essay.php?cref=1>.