CHAPTER 4

:
Scholastic Triumphs at
Ateneo de Manila (1872 – 1877 )

 4 months after the execution of Gom-Bur-Za and

with Doña Teodora still in prison

 Jose, was sent to Manila

 He studied in the Ateneo Municipal

 Under the supervision of the Spanish Jesuits

 Bitter rival of the Dominican-owned College of

San Juan de Letran

became Ateneo de Manila . Formerly Escuela Pia (Charity School)  Established by City Government in 1817 for poor boys in manila  1768 Jesuits expelled from Philippines  Returned to Manila in 1859  Later.

away from college)  Titay (a spinster) owned the boarding house. and owed the Rizal’s family the amount of P300 .Rizal Enters the Ateneo  June 10. on Caraballo Street. (25 mins. (nephew of Father Burgos)  He use “Rizal” as his surname instead of Mercado  Boarded in a house outside Intramuros. 1872 . College Registrar  Manuel Xerez Burgos.Entrance Exam  Father Magin Ferrando.

mechanics and surveying  Religiously operate the school . and scientific studies  Vocational courses on agriculture. commerce. humanities.boarders) .mass every morning .Jesuit System of Education  Promotes physical culture.classes/subjects are open & close with prayer  Students were divided into two: Roman Empire – Internos (boarders) Carthaginian Empire – Externos (non.

 Student could challenge any officer in his “empire” to answer questions on the day’s lesson  Failure to answer correctly (3) times.  4th Best – Centurion.  5th Best – Standard Bearer.  2nd Best – Tribune. an officer could lose his position .Each empires had its Ranks:  Best Student – Emperor.  3rd Best – Decurion.

Both banners were used equally in the classroom: 1st defeat – left side of the room 2nd – Inferior position on the right side 3rd – Inclined flag was placed on the left 4th – Flag was reversed and returned to the right 5th – Reversed flag was placed on the left 6th – Banner was changed with a figure of a donkey  Uniform “hemp-fabric trousers” and “striped cotton coat”  Coat material was called “rayadillo” – famous uniform of Filipino troops during the 1st Philippine Republic .

1873)  June. Jose Bech.Rizal's First Year in Ateneo (1872 . 1872. first professor of Rizal  He was an externo and was assigned to Carthaginians  At the end of the month he became "emperor"  He was the brightness pupil in the whole class  He took private lessons in Santa Isabel College and paid three pesos for extra Spanish lessons  He placed seconds at the end of the year although his grades were marked "Excellent" . first day of class in Ateneo  Fr.

Rizal returned to Calamba for summer vacation. 6 Magallanes Street  Dona Pepay was his landlady. an old widow with a widowed daughter and 4 sons. he returned to Manila for his 2nd year term in Ateneo  He boarded inside Intramuros at No. .  His sister Neneng (Saturnina) brought him to Tanawan to cheer him up  Visited his mother in prison at Santa Cruz without telling his father  After vacation.Summer Vacation (1873)  March 1873.

1874 for the summer vacation .Second Year in Ateneo (1873 – 1874)  He repented having neglected his studies the previous year because he was offended by the teacher’s remarks.  Rizal studied harder. he received excellent grades in all subjects and a gold medal  With such honors. and once more he became an “emperor” after losing his class leadership  He had 3 classmates from Binan who had also been his classmates in the school of Maestro Justiniano  At the end of the school year. he triumphantly returned to Calamba in March.

Feodor Jagor.Teenage Interest in Reading  During the summer vacation in Calamba (1874)  1st favorite novel of Rizal “The Count of Monte Cristo” by Alexander Dumas  A voracious reader  Cesar Cantu’s historical work entitled “Universal History”  “Travels in the Philippines” by Dr. a German scientist-traveler (1859 – 1860) .

his mother was released from prison.  In the previous years.3rd Year in Ateneo (1874 – 1875)  Shortly after the opening of classes. Rizal did not make an excellent showing in his studies  He failed to win the medal in Spanish because his spoken was not fluently sonorous  March. 1875 Rizal returned to Calamba for summer vacation .

1875  He became an interno in Ateneo  Fr. Francisco de Paula Sanchez inspired him to study harder and write poetry "model of uprightness.4th Year in Ateneo (1875 – 1876)  June 16. earnestness and love for the advancement of his pupils"  Rizal won five medals .

Last Year in Ateneo (1876 – 1877)  June 1876. Commencement Day  Received the degree of Bachelor of Arts with highest honors . last year of Rizal in Ateneo  He was truly "the pride of the Jesuits"  Obtained highest grades in all subjects Graduation with Highest Honors  "Excellent" scholastic records from 1872 to 1877  March 23. 1877.

noted Filipino sculptor  Engaged in gymnastics and fencing  Father Jose Vilaclara advised him to stop communing with the muses and pay more attention to practical studies such as philosophy and natural science .Extra-Curricular Activities in Ateneo  An "emperor" inside the classroom and campus leader outside  Secretary of the Marian Congregation  Member of Academy of Spanish Literature and the Academy of Natural Sciences  Studied painting under the famous Spanish painter Agustin Saez (left photo)  Sculpture under Romualdo de Jesus (right photo).

Sculptural Works in Ateneo  Carved an image of The Virgin Mary on a piece of “batikuling” (Philippine hardwood)  Father Lleonart requested him to carve an image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus  The old Jesuit forgot to take the image with him to Spain  Ateneo boarding students placed the image on the door of the dormitory and remain there for many years .

Anecdotes of Rizal  Felix M. . Ramos – one of Rizal’s contemporaries in Ateneo  Manuel Xerex Burgos – whose house Rizal boarded shortly before he became an interno in Ateneo Poems Written in Ateneo  Mi Primera Inspiration (My First Inspiration) – the first poem Rizal probably wrote during his days in Ateneo.

In 1875. the first to circumnavigate the world)  El Combate: Urbiztondo Terror de Jolo (The Battle: Urbiztondo. he wrote more poems such as:  Filicitacion (Felicitation)  El Embarque: Himno a la Flota de Magallanes (The Departure Hymn to Magellan’s fleet)  Y Es Espanol: Elcano. Terror of Jolo) . inspired by Father Sanchez.

Rizal wrote poems on various topics:  Un Recuerdo a Mi Pueblu (In Memory of My Town)  Alianza Intima Entre la Region Y La Buena Educacion (Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Good Education)  Por la Educacion Recibe Lustre La Patria (Through Education the Country Receive Light)  E Cultivero Y El Triunfo (The Captivity and the Triumph: Battle of Lucena and the Imprisonment of Boabdil)  La Entrada Triuntal de Los Reyes Catolices en Granada (The Triumphal Entry of The Catholic Monarches into Granada) .In 1876.

A year later. in 1877 he wrote more poems:  El Heroismo de Colon (The heroism of Colombus)  Colon y Juan II (Colombus and John II )  Gran Consuelo en la Mayor Desdicha (Great Solace in Great Misfortune)  Un Diarogo Alusivo a la Despedida de los Colegiales (A Farewell Dialogue of the Students) .

that seem to be the singing the bird with its harmonies. of fragrance from the bowers the dawn's enchanting face of the balmy flowers among red clouds appearing? upon this festive day? The reason. dear mother. upon this joyful day unleashing their honeyed voices with its murmur seems to say: as they hop from bough to bough? "Live happily ever after!" Why should the spring that glows And from that spring in the its crystalline murmur be tuning grove to the zephyr's mellow crooning now turn to hear the first note as among the flowers it flows? that from my lute I emote to the impulse of my love.“My First Inspiration” Why seems to me more endearing. is Why from woods and vales they feast your day of bloom: do we hear sweet measures ringing the rose with its perfume. Why falls so rich a spray more fair than on other days. of a choir of nightingales? And the spring that rings with Why in the grass below laughter do birds start at the wind's noises. .

finished the manuscript  He submitted the finished manuscript entitled “San Eustacio. Eustace. he wrote the religious drama in poetic verses  June 2 1876. his favorite teacher ask him to write a drama based on the prose story of St. Martir ” (St.Dramatic Work in Ateneo  Father Sanchez. Eustace the Martyr  Summer 1876 in Calamba. the Martyr) to Father Sanchez in his last academic year in Ateneo .

experienced his first romance  Segunda Katigbak.First Romance of Rizal  16 years old. a pretty 14 years old Batanguena from Lipa  Sister of his friend Mariano Katigbak  His sister Olimpia was a close friend of Segunda in La Concordia College .

cherishing nostalgic memories of lost love .First Romance of Rizal  Segunda was already engaged to Manuel Luz  His first romance was ruined by his own shyness and reserve  Segunda returned to Lipa and later married Manuel Luz  Rizal remained in Calamba. a frustrated lover.

CHAPTER 4: Scholastic Triumphs at Ateneo de Manila (1872 – 1877 ) End of presentation .

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