Experiment No.

8
Distillation
Miyake
Noor
Ondap

5ml. 10ml. 15ml and 20ml of the distillate were collected  To identify the unknown liquid .Objectives  To separate and purify a liquid using distillation.  To determine the temperatures at which 2ml.

condensing the vapor and collecting the condensate in another container.  Distillate – is the liquid product condensed from vapor during distillation.Definition of Terms  Distillation – is a separation technique used in liquids whose components have different boiling points which involves the process of vaporizing a liquid. .

Definition of Terms  Vapor Pressure – is the pressure exerted by vapors of a liquid (or solid)  Boiling Point .is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the atmospheric pressure  Evaporation – is the process of a substance in a liquid state changing to a gaseous state  Condensation – is the process of a substance in a gaseous state changing to a liquid state .

Thermometer d. Condenser e. Clamps h.Methodology a. Distilling flask/ b. Receiving flask g. Hot Plate c. Water Pump . Water in and out hoses f.

 Discard the first 2ml distillate .Precautionary Measures  Do not fill to more than two-thirds the capacity of the distilling flask  Use of boiling chips  Position condenser at an angle  Never heat a closed system. explode. the increasing pressure will cause the glass to break worst.

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Results .

Table 1.00 72.0 ° C 5. Temperatures at which 2ml and 5ml of the distillate were collected Distillate Volume (mL) Boiling Point 2.00 73.0 ° C -Increasing boiling point .

 Boiling Point is the temp at which vapor pressure is equal to the atmospheric pressure (Boiling is evident when bubbles start to form)  Condensation is when the vapor changes to liquid state  Collected distillate may not be pure .Theory Behind the Experiment  Evaporation happens when there is sufficient kinetic energy that would break the forces between the molecules resulting to liquid molecules of the substance to escape and substance changes to gaseous state.

 It is better to distill a known sample as the proponents could adjust the heat based on its boiling point range such that the temperature wouldn’t vary by more than 2 degrees Celsius .Conclusion  Simple distillation is an efficient purification method of liquids whose components have significantly different boiling points.