STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT

ADOLESCENCE

[Santos & Espiritu.from childhood dependence to adult responsibilities . High School years  Referred to as “Transition years” .of Ed. Found.o.)  Generally.transition may not be sudden for adult status but can be achieved only through carefully guided preparation for adult responsibilities. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE ADOLESCENCE  12 to 18/19 years old (Puberty to 18/19y. 1] .

of Ed. [Santos & Espiritu. thinking. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE General Characteristics  The transition age from childhood to adulthood when sex maturation and rapid physical development occur resulting to changes in ways of feeling. 1]  It is the most critical stage for learning and needs the most proper guidance . Found. and acting.

while further growth beyond this period for men  Body changes may be at rapid pace as growth reaches its end . STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Physical Development  Onset of puberty and cessation of body’s growth upon full maturation for women.

STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Physical Development for Males  Sudden growth spurt (getting taller. developing more bone and muscle mass)  Deepening of voice  Growth of facial hair  Pimples  Growth of pubic and axillary hair  Production of viable sperm  Increase of size of genitals .

)  Growth of pubic and axillary hair  Widening of hips  Pimples .o.. ends at 18 y. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Physical Development for Females  Sudden growth spurt (getting taller. developing more bone and muscle mass)  Increase of breast size (begins at 10 y.o.

© All rights reserved. 2008 . STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Cognitive Development 1. Early Adolescence (11-13)  Growing capacity for abstract thought (feelings and memories ruling out)  Mostly interested in present with limited thought to the future  Intellectual interests expand and become more important  Deeper moral thinking Adapted from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent’s Facts for Families.

STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Cognitive Development 2. © All rights reserved. 2008 . Middle Adolescence (14-18)  Continued growth of capacity for abstract thought (feelings and memories ruling out)  Greater capacity for setting goals  Interest in moral reasoning  Thinking about the meaning of life Adapted from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent’s Facts for Families.

and limit-testing  Greater interest in privacy Adapted from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent’s Facts for Families.)  Struggle with sense of identity  Feel awkward about one’s self and one’s body.o. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Social-Emotional Development Early Adolescence (11-13 y. particularly when stressed  Moodiness  Rule. worry about being normal  Realize that parents are not perfect. increased conflict with parents  Increased influence of peer group  Desire for independence  Tendency to return to “childish” behavior. © All rights reserved. 2008 .

continued drive for independence  Driven to make friends and greater reliance on them. © All rights reserved. popularity can be an important issue [social acceptance]  Feelings of love and passion Adapted from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent’s Facts for Families. worries about being normal  Tendency to distance selves from parents.)  Intense self-involvement. 2008 . changing between high expectations and poor self-concept  Continued adjustment to changing body. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Social-Emotional Development Middle Adolescence (14-18 y.o.

) Adapted from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent’s Facts for Families. etc. acquiring STDs. drugs.)  Falling in-love (At worse: Early pregnancy. fraternity. © All rights reserved. abortion. 2008 . getting sexually abused. early parenthood. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Pedagogical Challenges Learners may be:  Very moody  Facing identity crisis  Testing Rules and limitations  Having conflict at home (At worse: Running away from home)  Having tremendous Peer group pressures (At worse: Getting involved with gang wars. etc.

STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE .

skipping class/es  Poor or declining academic performance  Dropping out  Getting transferred  Possible death Q: How do these developmental tasks affect your role as facilitator of learning? Adapted from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent’s Facts for Families. 2008 . © All rights reserved. absenting. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Pedagogical Challenges Result:  Getting tardy.

lead them to the right way 4. Don’t further abuse the youth 6. Be considerate BUT don’t compromise professionalism. the School. Pray and pray harder 2. © All rights reserved. fairness. and school policies (study the law first) 5. etc. work. the parents. Be discerning and more sensitive to every student’s dilemma by knowing the problem 3. the religious institutions. 2008 . STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Suggestions to the Teachers 1. the LGUs. the community. Adapted from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent’s Facts for Families. Reach out (help out). the President. Don’t try to be “the hero”. the media. involve: -the colleagues.

and the many developmental issues and topics related to adolescence fascinate and challenge professionals working in this field. http://www.html . Adolescence is a critical time for individuals as it provides the pathway from childhood to adulthood. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENCE Suggestions to the Teachers 1.allpsychologycareers.com/topics/adolescence-developmental-psychology.