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Prepared By

Nepal Environmental & Scientific Services (NESS) Pvt. Ltd.
GPO Box No: 7301
Jitjung Marga 26, Thapathali
Kathmandu, Nepal

Presented to

Ministry of Water Supply and Sanitation
Department of Water Supply and Sewerage (DWSS)
Environment Sanitation Section (ESS)

 Framework for environmental management by the Department of Water
Supply and Sewerage (DWSS)
 DWSS supplies potable drinking water ensuring appropriate sanitation
 GESI context
 water-related diseases , burden to women and children in collecting water and maintaining
 DWSS provides basic water supply and sanitation access, improved water
supply services defined by the National Urban Water Supply and Sanitation
Policy 2009
 Mitigate climate change effects in water supply and sanitation service
delivery, regulation and bench marking of water utilities across the country
as well as mass scale promotion of sanitation activities.
 DWSS is active in reducing the pollution caused by sewerage, solid waste,
industrial and agricultural runoff of rivers and lakes in urban areas.
 Inception report prepared by scoping, literature review

•Feasibility Study on Environmental Management of
Pollution of Six Urban Rivers (Sirsiya of Birgunj, Tengra
of Itahari, East Rapti of Hetauda, Narayani of
Narayanghat, Tinau of Butwal and Kailali Nala of
•engineering interventions for environmental management
•wastewater free rivers
•Identify the types, extent and sources of all types of

economically viable. . socially acceptable and environmental friendly engineering interventions to mitigate the pollutions. • Identify the scope and length of the stretch of all the six urban rivers of high pollution level • Propose conceptual engineering designs to mitigate problems • Estimate cost of proposed social as well as engineering interventions • Prepare an implementation plan along with M&E framework and Environmental Management Action Plan (EMAP) of the identified stretch of the rivers.Specific Objectives • Identify technically feasible.

standards for wastewater effluents. environmental legislations of Nepal and other relevant documents. socially acceptable and environmental friendly engineering interventions  Propose a multi-year implementation plan and M&E framework for environmental management of the identified stretch of the proposed urban rivers along with the EMAP for each identified stretch of the six urban rivers  Determine the indicative cost for actions and interventions to mitigate the pollution and accordingly financial analysis for understanding its financial viability. strategies. economically viable. extent and sources of pollution of six urban rivers  Identify stretch of each of the six urban rivers of high pollution levels  Identify technically feasible.Scope of work  Existing policies. approach/concept papers. . guidelines.  Review and analyze grey literature  Identify type.

Narayanghat 27o42’0.65”E .19”N 84o51’19.48”E Tyangra River.20”N 85o01’20. Itahari 27o41’26.94”E Tinau River. Dhangadhi 28o41’18.05’N 83o27’44.63”E Kailali Nala.60’N 80o35’46.27”N 84o25’22.Proposed study locations Rivers Benchmark Locations East Rapti.70”N 87o19’17. Butwal 27o42’13.19”E Narayani River.03”E Sirsiya River. Hetauda 27o25’54. Birgunj 26o59’18.

Sirsiya .


Tengra .


East Rapti .


Narayani .


Tinau .


Kailali Nala .


biological and social characteristics of the six urban rivers. Narayani River) which passes through the settlement and commercial market with the recipients of multiple domestic sewers. runoffs.  The quality of urban rivers will be expressed  generic and specific  Generic quality will be applicable to those rivers (East Rapti.Methodology  Gather existing information on the physical. Kailali Nala.  Specific water quality will be taken into consideration for those urban rivers (Tyangra River and Tinau River) which are contaminated heavily with the mixed effluent and commercial activities. .

Contd… Key sites Social context Pattern Scale Urban rivers Indicators Interaction Change Function Disturbance .

Water Environment Survey Point Source Pollution Non-point Source Pollution Domestic Livestock Industrial Cultivated field & Commercial Rice field Woodland and pasture land City Forestland .

chemical and micro- biological) .Scientific data (physical.


• Duplicate analysis is carried out for 10% of samples. .g. • Reporting concentration at the lower end of detection limit. • Analyze reference standard with known analyze concentration matching sample matrix. QA/QC • Quality Control Manual (2012) for analytical tests of samples. • Utilize method of addition or recovery test (e. Arsenic). • Using reagent blank (always run for each batch of sample). • Calibration with standards is usually done in case of instrumental analysis in which the instrument is calibrated with three known standard solutions--calibration curve is drawn from which concentrations of unknown samples are determined.


Output .

Deliverables .

Photographs .