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DSM-IV DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR ASPERGER'S DISORDER A. Qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following:
(1) marked impairment in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social interaction (2) failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level (3) a lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people (e.g., by a lack of showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest to other people) (4) lack of social or emotional reciprocity

DSM-IV DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR ASPERGER'S DISORDER B. Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following:
(1) encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus (2) apparently inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional routines or rituals (3) stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms (e.g., hand or finger flapping or twisting, or complex whole-body movements) (4) persistent preoccupation with parts of objects

DSM-IV DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR ASPERGER'S DISORDER C.The disturbance causes clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. D.There is no clinically significant general delay in language (e.g., single words used by age 2 years, communicative phrases used by age 3 years).

DSM-IV DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR ASPERGER'S DISORDER E. There is no clinically significant delay in cognitive development or in the development of age-appropriate self-help skills, adaptive behavior (other than in social interaction), and curiosity about the environment in childhood. F Criteria are not met for another specific . Pervasive Developmental Disorder or Schizophrenia.

€ Named

after the Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger (1906²1980), Asperger syndrome is a relatively new diagnosis in the field of autism. As a child, Asperger appears to have exhibited some features of the very condition named after him, such as remoteness and talent in language; photographs taken during his seminal work show that he had an earnest face with an intense gaze.

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1944, Asperger described four children in his practice who had difficulty in integrating themselves socially. The children lacked nonverbal communication skills, failed to demonstrate empathy with their peers, and were physically clumsy. Asperger called the condition "autistic psychopathy" and described it as primarily marked by social isolation.

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Asperger also called his young patients "little professors", and believed some would be capable of exceptional achievement and original thought later in life. His paper was published during wartime and in German, so it was not widely read elsewhere. Lorna Wing popularized the term Asperger syndrome in the English-speaking medical community in her 1981 publication of a series of case studies of children showing similar symptoms, and Uta Frith translated Asperger's paper to English in 1991.

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Sets of diagnostic criteria were outlined by Gillberg and Gillberg in 1989 and by Szatmari et al. in the same year. AS became a standard diagnosis in 1992, when it was included in the tenth edition of the World Health Organization's diagnostic manual, International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10); in 1994, it was added to the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic reference, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

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The lack of demonstrated empathy is possibly the most dysfunctional aspect of Asperger syndrome. Individuals with AS experience difficulties in basic elements of social interaction, which may include a failure to develop friendships or to seek shared enjoyments or achievements with others (for example, showing others objects of interest), a lack of social or emotional reciprocity, and impaired nonverbal behaviors in areas such as eye contact, facial expression, posture, and gesture.

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with Asperger syndrome often display behavior, interests, and activities that are restricted and repetitive and are sometimes abnormally intense or focused. They may stick to inflexible routines, move in stereotyped and repetitive ways, or preoccupy themselves with parts of objects.

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Although individuals with Asperger syndrome acquire language skills without significant general delay and their speech typically lacks significant abnormalities, language acquisition and use is often atypical. Abnormalities include verbosity, abrupt transitions, literal interpretations and miscomprehension of nuance, use of metaphor meaningful only to the speaker, auditory perception deficits, unusually pedantic, formal or idiosyncratic speech, and oddities in loudness, pitch, intonation, prosody, and rhythm.

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is the usual IQ range of people with Asperger's Syndrome?

100+. People with Asperger's Syndrome have as a characteristic an IQ from what is considered normal (IQ 100,) to very high quotients of 130+.

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What was the first name of the doctor who found out about the condition? Hans. Hans Asperger was an Austrian psychiatrist and was also a well respected pediatrician. Mr. Asperger called his younger patients diagnosed with the condition "little professors." Asperger's Syndrome was only recorded in 1994 in the,'Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - 4th Edition,." This means that many people born before that date were not diagnosed with the condition and were seen as nothing more than very intelligent people with a touch of eccentricity. Famous people suspected as having the condition include Microsoft billionaire Bill Gates as well as Albert Einstein, the world famous physicist.

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Which of these is a trait shown by many people with Asperger's? Limited though intense interests. People with Asperger's have a limited number of interests and hobbies, but study and participate in those specific activities intensely, sometimes to the detriment of ALL other activities. Many of the subjects that fascinate people with Asperger's are unusual to say the least. They include topics such as memorising lists of Malaysian foreign ministers from independence up to and including the present. (You can imagine the face of a parent when their 7 year old child comes to them and regurgitates those sort of facts.)

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Which of the following may cause anxiety and distress to a person with Asperger's? Change of routine. Routine is much liked amongst people with Asperger's and a break in that routine can become a problem. There are no links between anxiety levels amongst the Asperger's community and unhygienic people. Some sufferers may have motor defects and appear clumsy and may therefore dislike exercise and, finally, solitude is something that is craved and is more likely to comfort people with Asperger's than be a cause of distress.

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Which of the following traits do the majority of people with Asperger's Syndrome also have? Hyperlexia is a condition which has two main characteristics. Firstly, children with hyperlexia have a precocious vocabulary which grows into a vocabulary far superior to the normal adult. Secondly, and also the disadvantage relating to hyperlexia, is the belownormal ability to comprehend the nuances and verbal aspects of their language. People with hyperlexia can learn to recite the alphabet shortly after their first birthday, read individual words by the age of 2 and have the amazing ability to read sentences and paragraphs by the age of 3. Though the majority of people with AS have hyperlexia, the other three answers are possibilities, as due to other circumstances, illiteracy and dyslexia are both plausible as well as the possibility of having normal literacy traits.

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Which of the following traits do the majority of people with Asperger's Syndrome also have? Hyperlexia is a condition which has two main characteristics. Firstly, children with hyperlexia have a precocious vocabulary which grows into a vocabulary far superior to the normal adult. Secondly, and also the disadvantage relating to hyperlexia, is the below-normal ability to comprehend the nuances and verbal aspects of their language. People with hyperlexia can learn to recite the alphabet shortly after their first birthday, read individual words by the age of 2 and have the amazing ability to read sentences and paragraphs by the age of 3. Though the majority of people with AS have hyperlexia, the other three answers are possibilities, as due to other circumstances, illiteracy and dyslexia are both plausible as well as the possibility of having normal literacy traits.

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People with Asperger's Syndrome are generally hypersensitive to touch, smells, sounds, tastes and light. Sometimes this oversensitivity can result in conditions such as hyperacusis, (though this is rare,) which causes the sufferer to be oversensitive to some to all frequencies of sound. Other incidents of oversensitivity includes people with Asperger's eating only certain foods due to their dislike of certain food textures.

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In the past, children with Asperger's Syndrome have been misdiagnosed as having attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD. As well as the misdiagnosis of ADHD, Asperger sufferers have also been told that they have had oppositional defiant disorder, antisocial personality disorder, Tourette's syndrome and many others. It is possible that a person can have Asperger's and another condition concurrently such as dysgraphia, the difficulty and in extreme cases the inability to produce legible handwriting.

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Which of the following is a noticeable trait regarding the voice of a person with Asperger's? Monotony. Another trait of Asperger's is the monotony of a person's voice. It usually lacks enthusiasm and emotion and is usually repetitive. This is not to say that a dramatic voice is never seen amongst the Asperger's community but it is not as common as a monotonous voice. People suffering from Asperger's Syndrome are prone to depression. Depression has been linked to Asperger's Syndrome and in fact, many people have been misdiagnosed and told that they had been suffering from bipolar disorder.

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Satoshi Tajiri born on August 28, 1965) is a Japanese electronic game designer and the creator of Pocket Monsters, better known as Pokémon. Tajiri went to work for Nintendo and spent the next six years working on Pokémon. He became friends with Shigeru Miyamoto, the creator of Mario, The Legend of Zelda, Pikmin, and Donkey Kong, who also became a mentor to Tajiri. Satoshi Tajiri has allegedly been diagnosed with Asperger·s syndrome. He has been described by Nintendo officials as exceedingly creative but "reclusive" and "eccentric

Gary Mckinnon (February 10, 1966) is a Scottish hacker facing extradition to the United States on charges of perpetrating what one US prosecutor claims is the "biggest military computer hack of all time" McKinnon had been diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome. His diagnosis was made in August 2008 by the Cambridge University psychologist Prof Simon Baron-Cohen. The computer networks he is accused of hacking include networks owned by NASA, the US Army, US Navy, Department of Defense, and the US Air Force.

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