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Nepal

Heaven is a myth, Nepal is real.


Introduction:
Nepal is of roughly trapezoidal
shape.
Its area is 147,181 km^2
(56,827 sq. mi).
Which is roughly 1.08 times
bigger than Alabama.
Lets talk about the weather
Nepal experiences 6 seasons: summer,
monsoon, autumn, pre-winter, winter and
spring.
Geographically, Nepal is divided into
three regions:
I. The Himalayan (where it snows)
II. The Hilly (where its kind of not too
hot nor too cold)
III. The Terai (where its like Alabama)
Ancient Roots
Neolithic tools found in the Kathmandu Valley indicate
that people have been living in the Himalayan region for at
least eleven thousand years.
The modern state of Nepal emerged only in the 18th
century.
Nepal has long prospered from its location as a resting
place for traders, travelers and pilgrims.
After travelling through India for a while, many travelers
notice both the similarities and differences. 'Same, same',
they say, 'but different'.
History
Kicks off with the Kiratis(ancient people
from Burma, Tibet)
First rulers of Kathmandu Valley (where the
capital city is)
King Yalambar - first king of Nepal (even
mentioned in the Mahabharata, the Hindu
epic)
In the 6th century BC, Prince Siddhartha
Gautama was born into the Sakya royal
family of Kapilavastu, near Lumbini, later
embarking on a path of meditation and
thought that led him to enlightenment as the
Buddha. The religion that grew up around
him continues to shape the face of Asia.
Over the centuries Buddhism in Nepal
gradually lost ground to a resurgent
Hinduism.
History
Buddhism faded and Hinduism reasserted
itself with the arrival from northern India of
the Licchavis.
King Gunakamadeva is credited with
founding Kantipur, today's Kathmandu,
around the 10th century.
1768 - Gorkha ruler Prithvi Narayan Shah
conquers Kathmandu and lays foundations for
unified kingdom.
1995-2006 Civil War
Last king of Nepal: King Gyanendra
Monarchy ended in 2008 A.D. after 240 years
of unified monarchy.
History
May 2008- Nepal becomes Republic
2015 April - A 7.8-magnitude earthquake strikes
Kathmandu and its surrounding areas killing
more than 8,000 people, causing mass devastation
and leaving millions homeless.
Constitution finally passed in September 2015
after postponements. New constitution adopted -
the first in Asia to specifically protect LGBT
rights.
Bidhya Devi Bhandari is the second and current
President of Nepal. She is the first woman to hold
the office. Her term began on October 29, 2015.
2016 August - Parliament elects former rebel
leader and Maoist party leader Pushpa Kamal
Dahal aka Prachanda as prime minister for the
second time.
Festivals
Dashain: Dashain is a religious Nepali festival
which is celebrated for fifteen days. It is the
longest and the most significant festival in
Nepali Calendar. Dashain is also celebrated in
Bhutan and some North-Eastern states of India.
Festivals
Tihar: Tihar or Swanti, or Deepawali is a five-day-long
Hindu festival celebrated in Nepal which comes soon after
Dashain. It is similar to Deepawali celebrated in India but
with a regional variation. In Nepal, all Hindu ethnic groups
celebrate this festival with their own cultural variations.
Among the Newars, it is popularly known as Deepawali or
Swanti.
Festivals
Nepali New Year- Bisket Jatra:
Bisket Jatra or Navavarsha is an
annual event in Bhaktapur,
Madhyapur Thimi, Dhapasi and
Tokha in Nepal. This festival is
celebrated during start of Bikram
Sambat New year. According to
myth this celebration is the "festival
after the death of the serpent".
Nepali New Year is celebrated as a
public holiday in Nepal. The New
Year is celebrated by the Nepali
people and is also known as
Navavarsha which is based on
Nepals lunar calendar called Nepal
Sambat. The first day of the Nepal
Sambat usually falls around the 11th
to the 15th of April.
56 years ahead of the Gregorian
Calendar.
Festivals
Yomari Punhi is a Newari festival
marking the end of the rice harvest.
It takes place in
November/December during the full
moon day of Thinl ( ), the
second month in the lunar Nepal
Era calendar.
Cultural Groups in Nepal
Nepal has a population of more than 28 million people, made up of over 40
different races and tribes.
Brahmin
Chhetri
Newar
Kirati
Sherpa
Tamang
Tharu
Rajbansi
National
Dress
Newars
Gurung
Tharus
Sherpas
Rajbansi
Musical Instruments
Music is an important part of Nepali culture.
There are hundreds of instruments developed in Nepal. A research found that
about 200 original instruments developed in Nepal. 108 types are still in play
across the nation.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R1OS3nUJrUg --- recognize the musical
instruments 2.49 to end
Basuri
These are made from pieces of bamboo by making generally 6 holes on it. The six
holes represent the musical notes. (Flute)
Madal
Madal is drum played by hand beating on both sides.
Sarangi
It is a popular string-instrument made of a piece of wood, the bottom of which is
made a hollow and four pieces of strings are fastened tightly with four wooden
nails fixed on the top of it. It is played by rubbing on a group of strings especially
left and right repeatedly with a small stick, which is fastened with some strings.
Sarangee resembles the violin in western culture.
Khainjadi
A tambourine
It is a kind of small drum made of skin stretched over an edge of a rounded hollow
wood.
Panche Baja
Panche baja is called so because it is the group of five musical instruments played
together:
Dholaki (Two sided drum, similar to Madal)
Tyamko (small kettle drum)
Damaha or Nagara (kettle drum)
Sahanai (a short pipe instrument) and
Jhurma or jhyali (cymbals)
Travelling Sights
Hanuman Dhoka in Kathmandu Kathmandu's royal palace, known as the
Hanuman Dhoka, was originally founded during the Licchavi period (4th to 8th
centuries AD) but the compound was expanded considerably by King Pratap
Malla in the 17th century. Sadly, the sprawling palace was hit hard by the 2015
earthquake and damage was extensive. At the time of research, the palace was
closed for reconstruction, but once this work is complete, visitors should again be
able to access the beautiful royal courtyards and royal museum.
All Durbar Squares
Swoyambhunath
Everest Base Trek
Annapurna Circuit Trek: Jomsom, Muktinath, and Marpha
Chitwan
Rara National Park