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An Introduction

o Burning of Fossil Fuels leaves a combustion residue.

o This residue is generally known as ASH .

o Bulk portion of this ash is carried out of Boiler with Flue Gas.

o Some of the ash, deposits over the heat transfer areas of the Boiler
during Flue Gas movement over these parts.

o This is called SOOT DEPOSIT .

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Types of Soot Deposit

Soot Deposits are classifies as:

o Fused Slag Deposit.

o High Temperature bonded deposits.

o Low Temperature Deposits.

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High Temperature Bonded Deposit

o These Deposits occur on Convection Heating Surfaces not exposed

to radiant heat from Furnace.

o These parts are Convective Super heaters and Re-heaters.

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Low Temperature Deposits

o These Deposits are formed on low temperature zones like Economizers

and Air heaters.

o It is usually associated with condensation of acid or water vapour on

cooled surfaces.

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If ash deposits are allowed on the heat recovery surfaces

of the Boilers, it will have the following effects:

o As the deposits are poor conductors of heat, it will reduce the heat transfer
resulting in increased flue gas temperature of Flue Gas leaving the boiler.
This will result in decrease of Boiler Efficiency.
o Accumulated deposit will block the Flue Gas path. This will increase draught
o If excessive deposits are allowed on the tubes, it may cause the tubes to
collapse due to added weight.
o Ash being corrosive, can lead to tube corrosion.

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These deposits are cleaned by Soot Blowing. The soot blowing medium is injected
on the heating surfaces at high velocity by a device called soot blower, for a short
time. The blowing medium strikes the deposit and dislodges it from the heating

The soot blowing medium can be steam, water or compressed air. Though all
the three can effectively clean the deposits they have their own merits and
demerits, based on their system requirement in a particular installation.

Steam is commonly used in Indian Boilers. Water and air are also used in
some installations.

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Soot blowers are the Devices, which inject the blowing medium over the heating
surfaces. Soot Blowers are made according to the surface to be cleaned.

o The Soot Blowers for Water Walls are called the Wall Blowers or De-

o Long retractable blowers, half retractable blowers are used for super
heaters, re heaters & economisers.

o Swivel soot blowers are used for rotary air heaters.

Exact mechanism of these Soot Blowers depends on the Manufacturer.

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