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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar

INTRODUCTION
TOPIC

Words are divided into different parts according to their


function in a sentence.

These parts are known as


PARTS OF SPEECH.

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar

INTRODUCTION
TOPIC

Without these parts, a


sentence could have no
meaning or it is not easily
understandable.

THERE ARE 9 PARTS OF


SPEECH.

LETS FIND OUT WHAT THEY ARE.

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar
6.1 Parts of Speech
TOPIC

Noun There are altogether 9 parts of speech. Click on the left


buttons to know more
Pronoun information.

Adjective
Verb
Adverb
Preposition
Conjunction
Interjection
Article

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar
6.1 Parts of Speech
TOPIC

Noun
CLOSE

Pronoun A noun is a word that denotes a person, place, animal or thing. It may
be concrete or a noun may be abstract.
Adjective
Example: The dog ran after the ball.
Verb
Adverb In the sentence above, there are two nouns, dog and ball.

Preposition You can experience this group of nouns with your five sense
Conjunction you see them, hear them, smell them, taste them, and feel them.

Interjection Nouns are further divided into 4 categories.


Article Common Proper Collective Abstract
Nouns Nouns Nouns Nouns

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar
6.1 Parts of Speech
TOPIC

Noun
CLOSE
Common
Pronoun A noun is a word that denotes a person, place, animal or thing. ItCLOSE
may
Nouns
be concrete or a noun may be abstract.
Adjective
Eg: wallet, ball, table, chair, book, college, glass, girl, etc.
Example: The dog ran after the ball.
Verb
Adverb In the sentence above, there are two nouns, dog and ball.

Preposition You can experience this group of nouns with your five sense
Conjunction you see them, hear them, smell them, taste them, and feel them.

Interjection Nouns are further divided into 4 categories.


Article

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar
6.1 Parts of Speech
TOPIC

Noun
CLOSE
Proper
Pronoun A noun is a word that denotes a person, place, animal or thing. ItCLOSE
may
Nouns
be concrete or a noun may be abstract.
Adjective
Eg: Haikal, Britney, Klang, Astro, Petronas, Nokia, Gucci, etc.
Example: The dog ran after the ball.
Verb
Adverb In the sentence above, there are two nouns, dog and ball.

Preposition You can experience this group of nouns with your five sense
Conjunction you see them, hear them, smell them, taste them, and feel them.

Interjection Nouns are further divided into 4 categories.


Article

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar
6.1 Parts of Speech
TOPIC

Noun
CLOSE
Collective
Pronoun A noun is a word that denotes a person, place, animal or thing. ItCLOSE
may
Nouns
be concrete or a noun may be abstract.
Adjective
Eg: a school of fish, a herd of cows, a box of chocolates, a team of
Example: The dog ran after the ball.
Verb players etc.
Adverb In the sentence above, there are two nouns, dog and ball.

Preposition You can experience this group of nouns with your five sense
Conjunction you see them, hear them, smell them, taste them, and feel them.

Interjection Nouns are further divided into 4 categories.


Article

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar
6.1 Parts of Speech
TOPIC

Noun
CLOSE
Abstract
Pronoun A noun is a word that denotes a person, place, animal or thing. ItCLOSE
may
Nouns
be concrete or a noun may be abstract.
Adjective
Eg. sad, plagiarism, cooperation, honesty etc.
Example: The dog ran after the ball.
Verb
Adverb In the sentence above, there are two nouns, dog and ball.

Preposition You can experience this group of nouns with your five sense
Conjunction you see them, hear them, smell them, taste them, and feel them.

Interjection Nouns are further divided into 4 categories.


Article

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar
6.1 Parts of Speech
TOPIC

Noun
CLOSE

Pronoun
A word that describes or tells us more about a noun.
Adjective
Gives some idea of what the noun is like.
Verb
Adjectives are said to qualify nouns.
Adverb
Eg: a) Shana is a clever girl.
Preposition b) Manchester United displayed great team
spirit.
Conjunction
Interjection
Article

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar
6.1 Parts of Speech

6.1.6 Preposition TOPIC

Noun
CLOSE

Pronoun Preposition expresses a relation between 2 entities; the


prepositional complement and another part of the sentence.
Adjective
Verb It is used to indicate position, time, duration and location.

Adverb Preposition is usually placed before a noun.

Preposition Eg: a) The books are on the table.


b) The couple rested under the tree.
Conjunction
Interjection
Article

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar
6.1 Parts of Speech

6.1.8 Interjection TOPIC

Noun
CLOSE
A word which expresses sudden feelings of joy, sorrow or surprise.
Pronoun
Adjective Expressions which deal with emotions.

Verb Eg: a) Hooray! We won the match.


b) Alas! Her only son is dead.
Adverb
Preposition
Conjunction
Interjection
Article

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CHAPTER 6: Mechanics/Grammar
Activity
TOPIC

1.Define in your own terms the four parts of speech that you have learnt.
2.Create two sentences for the four parts of speech that you have learnt.

1. Nouns

2. Prepositions

3. Interjections

4. Adjectives

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