You are on page 1of 14

THROMBOSIS

WHAT IS
THROMBOSIS?
Thrombosis is a kind of blood clot inside a
blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood
through the circulatory system.

Thrombosis may occur in arteries or in


veins.
TYPES OF THROMBOSIS

There are two types of thrombosis:

Venous thrombosis
Arterial thrombosis
Venous thrombosis:

A venous thrombosis is a blood clot that


occurs within the vein.

It leads to congestion of the affected


part of the body.
Arterial thrombosis:

A arterial thrombosis is a blood clot


that occurs within the artery

It affects the blood supply and leads


to damage of the tissue supplied by the
artery
VARIOUS DISEASES OF
VENOUS THROMBOSIS

Deep vein thrombosis


Paget-schroetter disease
Budd chiari syndrome
Portal vein thrombosis
Renal vein thrombosis
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis
Jugular vein thrombosis
Cavernous sinus thrombosis
VARIOUS DISEASES OF
VENOUS THROMBOSIS
Stroke

Myocardial infarction

Limb ischemia

Hepatic artery thrombosis


RISK FACTORS OF
THROMBOSIS
Stroke
Heart failure
Obesity
Trauma
Dehydration
Dysrhythmias
Acute respiratory failure
Vasoconstriction
Post partum period
Cancers
SEQUELS OF THROMBOSIS

Propagation
Resolution
Organisation
Recanalisation
Incorporation
Embolism
CAUSES OF THROMBOSIS

The composition of blood


The quality of vessel wall
Nature of blood flow
SYMPTOMS OF THROMBOSIS

Cramping pain in the affected


area
Tenderness
Swelling
Skin over the affected area
becomes reddish or bluish color
Warm skin in the area of clot
VARIOUS TREATMENTS
FOR THROMBOSIS

Anticoagulation
Thrombolysis
Surgery
Endovascular treatment
Antiplatelet agents