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WNC-002-E1

WCDMA Training

Introduction of WCDMA CN
V0510

ZTE University
3G Group

ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn


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Course Objectives

Evolution of WCDMA CN
WCDMA System Structure
Interface and Protocols in R4
Main Process examples
R4 Related Technology

ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn


The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Standardization Organization of 3G

ITU-R MSF
MWIF
GSA WP8F ITU-T
ETSI GSMA SSG TTA
ARIB IPv6
UWCC TIA
MPEG
WAP- Forum
TTC 3GPP Forum
3G.IP
3GPP2
CWTS
TIPHON
TTA Parlay TTC
CWTS T1P1 IETF ARIB
LIF
W3C
3GCF

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Standardization of WCDMA--3GPP

3GPP Release 5
(ALL IP)

ETSI TC SMG
3GPP Release 4
T1P1

ARIB 3GPP Release 3 business


2001 & 2002
TTC (Release 1999)
TTA

CWTS

Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1
1998 1999 2000 2001
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Course Objectives

Evolution of WCDMA CN
WCDMA System Structure
Interface and Protocols in R4
Main Process examples
R4 Related Technology

ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn


The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
WCDMA R99 System Structure

PSTN

CS PS 3G CN
GMSC
GGSN
MSC
H
HLR

MSC
SGSN

A Gb Iu-CS Iu-PS

GSM WCDMAU
Access TRAN

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MSC Function

Call Call ProcessNumber TranslateRoute Select


Process ECAMR Voice Process

Security AuthenticationCipheringIntegrity Protect


TMSI Reallocation

Securit
VLR y Subscriber Data Management
Location Update MSRN/HON Allocation

MM Location UpdateHand OverRoaming


Register

CDR CDR Collect


SavingFormatRelay

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HLR/AuC Function

Subscriber CAMEL Authentication MM


Data Subscription

CAMEL Subscriber Location


Basic
O_CSI Authentication Update
Service
T_CSI Data Route
Location
SS_CSI Update
Hand
Over

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R99 CN CS Signal Interface

SMC SCP HLR

MAP CAP MAP

MSC NO.7 MSC


TUP/ISUP

RANAP RANAP

RNS RNS

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R99 Analyze

Compatibility of productions now in use (GSM)

Advantages R99 System is divided to CS and PS domains


Guarantee of the QoS of RT services
Many experiences on mature technique TDM

R99 does not accord with NGN


Problems
Inconvenient to upgrade to R4,R5

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WCDMA R4 System Structure
PSTN/IS
DN 2G NET R-SGW

T-SGW

UMTS
CS PS
GMSC CN
GGSN
Server
GMGW H
HLR

MSC
Server SGSN
MGW

A Iu-CS Iu-PS
Gb

WCDMA
GSM UTRAN
Access
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WCDMA R4 Characters

The evolution to all-IP step by step in WCDMA network


The main difference happens in CS Domain; in PS, it is all the same
The separation of control and Bearer: MSC to MGW&MSC Server
IP transfer of Signal: SG was introduced
R4 new interface
McMSC ServerMGWH.248 protocol
NbMGWMGW
ATM BearerAAL2
IP BearerRTP
NcMSC ServerMSC ServerBICC protocol

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MSC SERVER Function

NO.7

Call Control Function


SGW Signal Interface and Process

VLR Function
MSC GMSC
Server Server
Bear Control: 3G expanded H.248
Nc Call Control signal: BICC
Mc Mc MGW Management( Register,
Nb status maintain)
R99/GSM
UTRAN / PSTN

MGW MGW

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MGW Function

Media Bearer establish, release


receive control from MGC: H248
NO.7 Media convert
Media resource
(Tone/TC/DTMF/Conference)
SGW
Multi-Bearer (AAL2/ATM, TDM
RTP/UDP/IP)
MSC GMSC
Server Server

Nc

Mc Mc
Nb
R99/GSM
UTRAN / PSTN

MGW MGW

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SGW Function

NO.7
Conversion of Signal

SGW and Protocol (SIGTRAN


M3UA /SCTP/IP <=>
MSC GMSC
Server Server
SS7 MTP3/2/1)
embedded SGW (SG
Nc
was embedded in the
Mc Mc MGW chassis or MSC
Nb
R99/GSM Server chassis)
UTRAN / PSTN

MGW MGW

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R4 CN CS Signal

SMC HLR SCP

MAP MAP CAP

MM&Service
Radio Access
Call Signal between
switch
RANAP MSC server MSC server
RNS BICC/TUP/ISUP
BSSAP
BSS

H.248 H.248 MG Control/


Bearer Control
MGW MGW
ALCAP/IPBCP
Bearer Control

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R4 Analyze

Thought of NGN
Advantages Layer structure
IP transfer: a flattened structure
Brings high increase for operator

Experience on operation
Challenges
Qos on IP network

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WCDMA R5 System Structure

IMS CSCF
No.7
SGW

IMS-
MGW
PSTN
MGCF

CS PS
GMSC
Server GGSN

GMGW
HSS

MSC
Server
SGSN
MGW

WCDMA
UTRAN
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CSCFCall State Control Functionentity

CSCF

Function
Logical
ICGW(Incoming call gateway)

CCF (Call Control Function)

SPD (Serving Profile Database)

AH(Address Handing)
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MGCFMedia Gateway Control Functionentity

MGCF

Function
Logical
SIP UA

Conversion Between SIP & BICC/ISUP

MGW Control

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Summary

Version Radio Access CN CS CN PS

GSM 1FDD TDMA 1TDM Transfer 1IP Transfer


/GPRS 2114Kbps 2GTP protocol

3GPP 1FDD WCDMA5MHz1same with GSM 1same with GPRS


R99 2Iu: ATM 2Iu: ATM Transfer
32Mbps AMR Codec

3GPP 1Same with R99 1Separation of control & 1same with R99
R4 2support TD-SCDMA bearer
2IP/ATM/TDM Transfer
3TrFo

3GPP 1Iu: IP 1Iu: IP Transfer 1Support of IMS


R5 2 HSDPA: down link: 2 Separation of
14.4M CSCF and MGCF

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The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Course Objectives

Evolution of WCDMA CN
WCDMA System Structure
Interface and Protocols in R4
Main Process examples
R4 Related Technology

ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn


The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Interface in R4
Services
API

HLR SCP

MSC Nc GMSC
Server Server
Mc SG
Mc
Nb PSTN/GSM
MGW MGW
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Gn Internet/Intranet
SGSN GGSN Gi
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
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Protocols on Interface

Services
API
Control Plane

MM/CM HLR SCP


RANAP User Plane
SCCP
MTP3b IuUP
SAAL AAL2
MSC Nc GMSC
ATM ATM
Server Server
Mc SG
Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Protocols on Interface

Services
API
Control Plane
User Plane
GMM/SM HLR SCP
RANAP IuUP
SCCP GTP-U
MTP3b IP/UDP
SAAL SAAL
MSC Nc GMSC
ATM ATM
Server Server
Mc SG
Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Protocols on Interface

Services
API
IP TDM
MAP MAP
HLR SCP
TCAP TCAP
SCCP SCCP
M3UA MTP3
SCTP MTP2
MTP1 MSC Nc GMSC
IP
Server Server
Mc SG
Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
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Protocols on Interface

Services IP TDM
CAP CAP
API
TCAP TCAP
SCCP SCCP
HLR SCP M3UA MTP3
SCTP MTP2
IP MTP1

MSC Nc GMSC
Server Server
Mc SG
Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
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Protocols on Interface

Services

IP ATM API

BICC BICC
HLR SCP
M3UA MTP3B
SCTP SAAL
IP ATM

MSC Nc GMSC
Server Server
Mc SG
Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Protocols on Interface

Services

IP ATM API

H248 H248
HLR SCP
M3UA MTP3B
SCTP
SCTP SAAL
IP ATM

MSC Nc GMSC
Server Server
Mc SG
Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Protocols on Interface
User Plane Protocol: Services
IP ATM
NbUp NbUp API
RTP/RTCP AAL2
UDP ATM HLR SCP
IP

Bearer Control Protocol:


IP ATM
IPBCP Alcap MSC Nc GMSC
Server Server
MTP3B
SAAL SG
Mc
ATM Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Protocols on Interface

Services
API IP
APP(ISUP)

HLR SCP ADAPT(M3UA)


SCTP
IP TDM
APP(ISUP)

MSC Nc GMSC MTP3


MTP2
Server Server
MTP1

Mc SG
Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Protocols on Interface

Services
API

HLR SCP
Control Plane User Plane

GTP-C GTP-U
IP/UDP IP/UDP
L2 L2 MSC Nc GMSC
L1 L1 Server Server
Mc SG
Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Protocols on Interface

Services
API

HLR SCP

GTP
IP/UDP
L2 MSC Nc GMSC
L1 Server Server
Mc SG
Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Protocols on Interface

Services
API

HLR SCP

Application
IP/UDP
MSC Nc GMSC L2
Server Server L1

Mc SG
Mc
Nb
MGW MGW PSTN/GSM
ATM/IP
RNS Backbone
Internet/
Gn
SGSN GGSN Gi
Intranet
Ga Ga
CG
ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Course Objectives

Evolution of WCDMA CN
WCDMA System Structure
Comparison of WCDMA and GSM/GPRS
Interface and Protocols in R4
Main Process examples
R4 Related Technology

ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn


The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Basic UE to UE Call

A B
HLR
HLR

NO.7
MAP
MAP MSC
MSC Server
BICC
Server

H.248
H.248

MGW MGW

UE
UE

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Basic UE to PSTN Call

NO.7

UMTSCN TUP TUP


GMSC
MSC
BICC Server
Server

H.248 H.248
PSTN/other
operator
MGW
GMGW

UE

ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn


The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
Course Objectives

Evolution of WCDMA CN
WCDMA System Structure
Interface and Protocols in R4
Main Process examples
R4 Related Technology

ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn


The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.
TFO & TrFO

Concept
TFO: Tandem Free Operation: negotiate rate through
in-band signal, insert a transcoder to support speech
between two ends with different codec or voice rates.
TrFO: Transcoder Free Operation: through out-band
signal negotiation, it realizes calls that have no
transcoders involved in the connection between the
source codecs
Advantage of TrFO
Improve the quality of speech
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Technique of TrFO
MSC Server-O MSC Server-T

AMR OverIP
2
MGW-O
MGW-T
RNC-T
RNC-O AMR
AMR

AMR AMR
Iu UP Nb UP Nb UP Iu UP
RTP RTP
A AAL2
IP IP
AAL2 B
ATM L2/L1 L2/L1 ATM

A supports rates12.2K/7.9K B supports rates


Iu Nb Iu
12.2K/7.9K/4.75K
TrFo Process
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MGW Security Strategy
Dual Homing
Other MSCS

MSCS:A MSCS:B The same MTP code for MSC Server1


and MSC Server2. SGW integrated to
MGW, RNC connect to MSC Server
via MGW

MGW access to MSC Servers with


different SCTPif Primary MSC
MGW1 MGW2 Server unavailable, then start the
Secondary MSCS SCTP .
RNC
RNC

Primary Link

Secondary Link

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Large Scale Network
TMSC

RNC ZXWN MGW1 ZXWN MGW2 RNC

ZXWN MSCS
LS/TS LS/TS

GW GW

0755-4828922 020-4828922

How to decide roaming?


How to chose route? (fixed number as callee number)
The influence to billing

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ZTE University univ.zte.com.cn
The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.