Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED

Defining Sustainability 

Nations World Commission on Environment and Development
± ³Development that meets the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.´

Defining Green Buildings 

Design and construction practices that significantly reduce, or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and its occupants with regard to site planning; safeguarding water use and water use efficiency; promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy; conserving materials and resources; and promoting indoor environmental quality.´
(US Green Building Council)

Construction Impacts         76 million residential buildings in US 5 million commercial buildings in US consume 40 % or raw materials 32% total energy produced 17% fresh water 25% global wood harvest 5 billion gals water/day just for toilets generates ± 25-40% of municipal solid waste from C&D 25± 50% of US CFC production ± 30% of US CO2 production .

USGBC . 2002´. World Watch Institute.Building Operations Impacts             49% of Sulfur Dioxide emissions 25% nitrous oxide emissions 10% of all particulate matter 1/3 of all energy consumption in US 2/3 of all electricity consumption in US disturbs natural habitats contaminates air. soil. and water depletes non-renewable resources non½ of greenhouse gases 35% of carbon dioxide emissions community issues occupant issues ± sources: ³The Architecture of Sustainability.

Key Issues and Benefits          Institution Building Commissioning Air Quality Occupants productivity and well being Energy Conservation Water Conservation Storm Water Management Waste Management Local & State Standards & Programs        Green ethics / commitment Research and Grant opportunities Being a leader (as it should) Responsibility to show importance Competitive advantage (ie ± recruiting) Institutional community demand Great public relations .

Overall Financial Benefits        Energy Water Wastewater Reduced Waste Improved Indoor Environmental Quality Greater Employee Comfort/Productivity Reduced Employee Health Costs      Lower Operation and Maintenance Costs Competitive First Costs ± Through integrated design & synergies Increased Value & ROI Marketing Advantage Reduced Liability ± Improve Risk Management ± Insurance costs .

Overall Financial Benefits  Financial Benefits of a Green Building equate to $50-$70 SF over lifetime $5010X return on any premium cost associated with building it over lifetime Source: USGBC  Over .

Air Quality  Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) ± effect the contents of the inside air has on a structure and its occupants People spend 90% of their time indoors Indoor air has 10-100X higher pollutants 10than outdoor air    USEPA ³Indoor Air Quality´ Jan. 6 2003 .

savings can be used on: ± New faculty ± Upgrades/renovations for more savings ± New programs .Energy Conservation  US uses 25% of world energy but only has 5% of population & 95% of our energy is from fossil fuels (US Energy Information Administration) Higher Education .$2 Billion/year on energy (American School & University)   Most can reduce by up to 30% .

Water Conservation  USA uses 340 billion gallons of fresh water per day  Nearly 65% is discharged into waterways  Energy Policy Act of 1992  Facilities can easily reduce use by 2020-30% with little cost and effort  Water & Sewer Bills  Connection Fees & Tax Base .

a ^1.5% equals about $1.000/yr    (Katz 2003 study) .Occupants Well Being and Productivity  Relationship exists between worker comfort/productivity and building design/operation Hidden sick days ± higher absenteeism. allergies. higher insurance and medical costs A 1% increase in productivity (about 5 minutes per day) equals $600-700 per $600employee per year . asthma = lower productivity. respiratory ailments.

modeling and integration time ± Earlier you integrate the lower the cost   .Mythology About First Costs  Common Perception when we started was +20+20-30% Past & Current Trend Recent Studies ± Average Premium <2% or $3-$5 SF $3± Most of cost associated with increased architectural and engineering design. time.

Mythology About First Costs Average Green Cost Premium vs. Level of Green Certification 8 Percent Cost 6 4 Increase 2 0 Basic Gold Level of LEED Certification  Average Green Cost Premium (in percent) Source: USGBC. Capital E Analysis .

0% ± 8. ± Certified ± Silver ± Gold ± Platinum 0± 0± 0.3 4.Mythology About First Costs  Another recent study has shown the following average increase in project construction costs.5 2.3% ± 5.5%  Start Early ± Save Costs  Source: Sasaki Associates 2004 . on a percentage basis for LEED certification.5% 3.

but can be done for the same budget as traditional buildings with planning Savings from green building¶s more than return any premium you may choose to put into it Design Fees will be higher but construction costs may be reduced Set Budget first then work fees within framework .Mythology About First Costs       Building green can be done for no additional cost Initial premium costs are entirely up to you and project specific LEED buildings average only a 2-3% increase in 2costs.

General Mythologies  Appearance of Green Buildings ± You design it to look how you want. More time may be required in the Design phase though. With planning they can be built at the same price or less. ± Does not need to be high tech to be green.  Time ± Green Buildings take the same amount of time to construct as regular buildings.   Normal: 2 + 2 = 4 Green: 3 + 1 = 4 ± Long term maintenance and operations costs can be reduced by 20 ± 50% with good planning.  Costs ± Green Buildings do not have to cost more. In the end the building costs the same and fits in the traditional budget. They can look like traditional ones only they perform better and are healthier. . ± Design fees may be higher in the beginning of the project but the extra design work will lower the actual construction costs. It can easily match traditional campus design or not. ± Carpet. furniture and windows do not have to look different.

Green Buildings at USC        West Quad Residence Hall & Learning Center School of Public Health Library Rare Books Collection & Modern Political Wings Law School New Honors College Gamma Phi Beta Sorority New Student Health Center       Baseball Stadium Horizon Buildings Biomedical Buildings Arnold II Band/Dance Building Innovista .

West Quad .

9M project cost .000 savings annually 20% more Water Efficient = $ 3900+ savings annually Residents comment on improved health and productivity . cost 177.$25M const. office.24/sf SAME COST & Time 502 bed spaces ± 4 buildings Residential.000 SF $141. academic & retail spaces Goal of LEED Silver ± Achieved     Reduced Construction & Change Order Costs 45%45%-55% More Energy Efficient = over $50.West Quad       $30.

West Quad at USC  Selected ³Green´ Project Particulars ± Designed to be 40% more energy efficient and to use 20% less water ± ³Green´ roof on Learning Center ± Fuel Cell for supplemental electricity & hot water ± Solar pre-heating for domestic hot water pre± Low VOC paints and carpets & 100% Fresh Air ± Daylighting in all buildings  Building orientation  Light shelves for shading and natural lighting on southern exposures  Light wells on Learning Center ± ³Green´ board in case good furnishings ± Total storm water management integration .


US Green Building Council (USGBC) Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED) .

and healthy places to live and work. The organization¶s activities«  Integrate building industry sectors  Lead market transformation  Educate owners and practitioners . profitable.USGBC¶s MISSION: to promote the design and construction of buildings that are environmentally responsible.

 A national nonprofit organization  A diverse membership of organizations  Consensus-driven Consensus Committee-based product Committeedevelopment  Developer and administrator of the LEED® Green Building Rating System ..USGBC is..

What is ³Green´ Design? Design and construction practices that significantly reduce or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and occupants in five broad areas:  Sustainable site planning  Safeguarding water and water efficiency  Energy efficiency and renewable energy  Conservation of materials and resources  Indoor environmental quality .

® . operating and certifying the world¶s greenest buildings. constructing.Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design A leading-edge system for designing.

Why Was LEED Created?  Use as a design guideline  Recognize leaders  Stimulate green competition  Establish market value with recognizable ® national ³brand´  Raise consumer awareness  Transform the marketplace! .

Why Was LEED Created?  Facilitate positive results for the ® environment. integrated design processes . occupant health and financial return  Define ³green´ by providing a standard for measurement  Prevent ³greenwashing´ (false or exaggerated claims)  Promote whole-building.

Top 10 35000000 30000000 are Feet.LEEDLEED-NC® Market Transformation  Registered Projects by State .05 90 OR 76 TX 73 A 68 IL 68 I 62 VA PA A NY State an N m er of Proje ts All statistics exclude pilot projects .02.SF ross S 25000000 20000000 15000000 10000000 5000000 0 306 107 102 100 CA As of 05.

56  North Carolina ± 42 .LEEDLEED-NC® Market Transformation Registered Projects by State .Top 10 Where does the Southeast stand?  Georgia ± 62  South Carolina .

® LEEDLEED-NC Point Distribution Five LEED credit categories Indoor Environmental Quality 23% Sustainable Sites 22% Materials & R esources 20% Energy & A tmosphere 27% Water Efficiency 8% . .com ± Environmental Design & Construction .edu/ .org ± ISO 14001 EMS ± US Green Building Council The HOK Guidebook to Sustainable Design ± Green Building Alliance ± Environmental Building News www.asp .com .org/Resources/links.EPA¶s EMS site ± US DOE www.West Quad Handbook www.Extensive Resource List www.Resources               www.greenglobes.Sustainable Universities Initiative (SUI) www.epa.epa.htm Earth Craft Homes www.bookstore ± US EPA ± Green Globes  .

Gene Luna Associate Vice President for Student Affairs 1215 Blossom St Columbia. SC 29208 koman@sc.Contact Info Michael Koman Environmental Programs Manager 1215 Blossom Street 803-777803-777-1986 Dr. SC 29208 .luna@sc.

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