You are on page 1of 22

Fossil fuel is a term used to describe a group
of energy sources that were formed when
ancient plants and organisms were subject to
intense heat and pressure over millions of

Oil Liquid Liquid fuels are defined as combustible or energy-generating molecules which are used to produce mechanical energy. . Natural gas Gas Fuel gas can be referred to any of several gases burned to produce thermal energy. Classification Coal Solid Solid fuel is defined as raw materials which are used as a primary fuel to produce energy and provide heating.

Disadvantages • They are non-reyewable resources • Higher cost to extract them • The largest emitters of carbon dioxide a greenhouse gas which causes climate change .Advantages and Disadvantages • Fossil Fuel are Sought after energy sourses because they have a high energy density • They are de world´s dominant energy source fossil. • Can be an abundant and cheap • Geopolitical issues arise due to scarcity caused by the natural geographic allocation of these highly valuable resources. Advantages • Have a variety of applications from electricity production to make a variety of common products.

which makes up almost 99 percent of the carbon in the universe. which makes up a minuscule amount of overall carbon but is very important in dating organic objects. . carbon-13. which makes up about 1 percent. and carbon-14. Carbon Carbon occurs naturally as carbon-12.

This ability to stretch also makes glass better suited for really high impact damage. • Atoms arrange can define if it’s a diamond or graphite. resilient chains called polymers. like skis and snowboards. and helicopter blades. Advantages & disadvantages • Carbon is a pattern maker. It can also bond with up to four other atoms because of its electron arrangement. like ballistics . It can link to itself. forming long. so it's more useful for really flexible applications. • Glass stretches more before it breaks.

explosives. petroleum derivatives are used practically in all sectors of activity. . • Applications The main applications of petroleum are: transportation (terrestrial. Petroleum • Origin The oil is of fossil origin. the result of the transformation of organic matter from zooplankton and algae that. heating. etc. artificial textile fibers. In this way. asphalts. paints. plastics. fertilizers. were later buried under heavy sediment layers. detergents. maritime and air). deposited in large quantities on anoxic bottoms of seas or lake areas of the geological past.

Advantage • Profitable business • Storage and transport • High energy density • Permanent availability • Versatility Disadvantages • Dependence • Is depleted • Marine contamination • Ground pollution • Atmospheric pollution .

a colorless. • Constitutes a primary energy source. Natural Gas • Is found in deep underground rock formations or associated with other hydrocarbon reservoirs in coal beds and as methane clathrates. . although flammable gas. from which electricity may be manufactured and mechanical energy and heat produced. • The main component of natural gas is methane (CH4). odorless.


Trade-offs .