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Microsoft Excel

Aerospace Engineering 2011 Project Lead The Way, Inc.


Spreadsheet Programs
First developed in 70s
VisiCalc
Dan Bricklin and
Bob Frankston
Operated on Apple II
Not patented
Excel based on
earlier spreadsheet
Purpose of a Spreadsheet
Store raw data
Make calculations
Analyze data
Create charts to represent data
Basics of Excel
Column labels are letters
A, B, C
Row labels are numbers
1, 2, 3
A cell is the intersection
of a column and row
C12
Worksheet
all of the cells on a page
Workbook
collection of worksheets
Excel file
Basics of Excel
Change worksheet name
Double click on sheet name
Type new name
Enter
Store Raw Data
Create appropriate
heading(s) for data
Input data
Type by hand
Copy from electronic
table
Data array
Input height data
Row as shown.
Column
Table
Calculations
Cell designations used Formula Bar
to indicate values
Order of operations
Parentheses ( )
Exponents ^
Multiply *
Divide /
Add +
Subtract
2
6
3
2148
448
16+1 3 + 100
Calculations
Formula Bar

Always begin with =


Use arrow keys or
click in cell to select
cells for values in
formula
Arrow left to A5
Type +
Arrow left to B5
Type / Input a formula to calculate
Type 12 height in decimal feet for the first
data entry.
Enter
Calculations
To copy a formula
Select cell to copy
Right click
Copy
Select the range of
cells to copy to
Right click
Paste
Create a heading and copy
formula to appropriate cells.
Raw Data and Calculated Values
Format cells
Select data range
Right click within range
Select Format Cells
Adjust format
Number
Decimal places
Alignment
Horizontal

Change format of height to 2


decimal places.
Calculations
Functions
Defined mathematical calculation

Function Excel
command
Addition of numbers SUM
Mean AVERAGE
Median MEDIAN
Standard Deviation (population) STDEV.P
Mode (unimodal) MODE.SNGL
Minimum MIN
Maximum MAX