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SciED 306: Trends and

Researches in Science and
How to write and Publish a Scientific Paper
(A Project-Oriented Course)

Starting from your field of interest, we will tackle
one of the main questions a scholar has to ask him
or herself, how to publish?
• First of all, we will introduce you to the academic world and why it is
important to publish your work.
• The second part of the course will help you to understand how to
define the importance of your research in your field, in what sense
your research is creative and innovative in your field.
• The third part focuses on the article itself and answers question about
how to construct an article. What are the rules concerning the
abstract and the bibliography?
• Final Checks

• It also enables you to get familiar with other academics working on your topic and familiar with journals and conferences that might be interesting for you. it allows you to share your results. There will be no real world progress. • It is about participating in your field and communicating your finding to be more knowledge on your topic. if you are thinking about continuing your academic life. . • It can also help you feel stronger about your work by getting important criticism back from reviewers who are experts in your field.Why is publishing important? • Well. If scientists kept their results in the lab. by putting your ideas together in a resourceful way and publishing it. well publishing is extremely important. • Furthermore.

Practice Quiz .

Why is publishing important? (multiple good answers) To advance academic knowledge Because it will improve your career To share results with the rest of the society Because you have to. as a researcher Because it gives you feedbacks on your own work .

org/wiki/Timeline_of_scientific_discoveries https://www. . there are hundreds of opportunities to apply the results of a research.wikipedia.If you are not yet convinced by the utility of spreading your discoveries-of-2015/8651449249859/ Of course. take a look at those links:

Know your community (KYC) .

Knowing the academic context of your research. help you define the importance of your research The questions to consider : • Which academic conferences are important for your research? • Which Journals are relevant to your research? • What important theories or concepts in your particular research domain? • Who are the influential researchers? .

Making precise research (more than applied or basic math) 2. Identifying academic conferences and journals will help you discover the ecosystem of the community. or making recent 10 years bibliography .Learn as you go! • General guidelines on “knowing your community” process has two aspects 1. 4. labs. Look into academic papers 2. Your work is to classify those papers into groups: essential papers and related papers 3. Discovering researchers working on your topic 1. Visit research centers.

What is one of the important works explained when you start your research? (one good answer) ⃝To know your research philosophy ⃝To know your research community ⃝To know your research capacity .1.

Is there a unique standard way to develop your knowledge on your research community? Or do you learn your way of doing as you go? (one good answer ⃝Yes. . I learn as we go and I need to develop my own way of doing. there is a unique standard way to do so! I just need to follow that way! ⃝No.2.

3. What are the ways suggested to know your research community? (several good answers) ⃝By identifying research journals ⃝By listening to your favorite music ⃝By identifying research conferences ⃝By visiting nearby research centers ⃝By visiting nearby research laboratories ⃝By making a recent 10 years bibliography of your research topic ⃝By watching your favorite films .

How journals work: the review process • The keyword is peer review system. content's accuracy. . time scale 4. • What does this mean? 1. acceptance ratio 3. Anonymity 2.

What is the keyword on reviewing? (one good answer) ⃝Pure revise system ⃝Pier resort system ⃝Peer review system .

2. Who does mainly read your article when you submit it to a journal? (one good answer) ⃝Editors of other research journals ⃝Reviewers in your own research field .

oAcceptance ratio. Creditability 3. Anonymity 2. (one good answer) 1. Accountability . oContent accuracy.3. The review process is characterized by: o___________. oTime scale.

4. Correct 4. Each journal tries to ensure the Speed. some journals try to develop a new publication system. efficiency 3. • In this context. Quality. reputation 2. (one good answer) 1. because of recent development of ICT (Information & Communication Technology). Transparency. Fairness And the __________ of the review system. profitability .

. you improve your chance to avoid a desk reject.Presentation of scientific journals • We're going to talk about academic journals work. • Understanding how academic journals work is important because it is through the process of paper submission that your work can get published. If you understand this.

and what their areas of expertise are. . first.Tailor your paper for an academic journal • To sum up. • That allows you to look into the kind of research the editors are doing. you have to look for. • You can also adapt the paper so that it fits with what the editors are looking for. the editorial board and its composition. • You can then check if the paper you want to submit is coherent with the editorial line of the journal. when submitting a paper to an academic journal.

hence one editor. you minimize the desk reject risk. . look at the type of articles that are most referenced in the journal. especially in your field of interest.• Second. This shows that you share the same language and belong to the same scientific community. • By tailoring your paper for one academic journal. • It is essential that you include references that are most commonly cited in publications in this journal.

• The cover letter will focus on your research and motivations and why you think that this journal is a good match for the publication of this research. It is a key element to give essential complementary information to the editors. namely. • The abstract.There are several elements that are key in the communication with the editors in the submission process. will sum up what is key in your research and will most of the time be the first thing people read when looking at your article . on the other hand. the abstract and the cover letter.

Step 2: Based on your review of the editorial board and the likely editor. Look at the editorial board and identify the editor who would likely be in charge of finding reviewers for your paper.Compatibility between paper submission and editorial board We ask you to Step 1: Go to the website of the journal you have selected as compatible with your paper (see sections "Know Your Community" and "Know Your Paper"). make a list of relevant references that you should include in your submission to this academic journal. .

What key communication elements have to be taken particularly good care of when submitting a paper to an academic journal? (several good answers) ⃝The Cover Letter ⃝The Bibliography ⃝The Methodology ⃝The Literature Review ⃝The Abstract .

Intellectual Property AND Ethical Guidelines Intellectual Property • When you published. subscription based have differing consenting . what you write is no longer owned by you but of the publishing firm • It means that you cannot just copy paste. (copyrighting/citation) • Publishing differs from Patent • Look for conflict of interest • Open access.

altered data • Duplicate • aside from submitting into two journals. • also submitting equivalent findings in two separated papers • Publishing the same result in different journals although of different language • Citing • Failure to cite the work of others related to the subject • Plagiarism • Taking the work of others and publishing it under your name.Ethical Guidelines • Authorship • What is considered to be an author of an article • Misconduct • Fraud • Publishing based on fake data. .

org/content/342/6154/58 • http://science.acs.pdf • Biology: • there are more and more journal that does not require the "giving the copyright" part.19111 • http://science.In most cases the copyright is given to the journal. there are a ton of guidelines • Psychology: http://www.umn.ahc.apa.elsevier.pdf .edu/img/assets/26104/Research_Ethics. If you want more information on open-access article and why it is both a contested and approved new way of publishing go to these articles from Science and Nature: • Nature/Science: • http://www. but with the rise of open-access As open-access article is a hot topic a lot of articles are being written on the subject so feel free to add yours in some forum! • On the other here are a few of them: • Chemistry: http://www.