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EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF MODIFIED VCRS WITH SUB-

COOLING
BY
MANNE NARESH ROLL NO: 14K95A0313
MANTHANA LAXMAN SAI ROLL NO: 14K95A0314
MOHAMMAD INZAMAM ROLL NO: 14K95A0315
PEDDAKURMA MADHU ROLL NO: 14K95A0317
Under the Guidance of
Mr. S.GIRI BABU (Asst.prof)

Department of Mechanical Engineering


TKR College of Engineering & Technology
(2016-2017)
ABSTRACT

Sub-cooling influences the power per ton of refrigeration and it


is experimented that with the constant falling of condenser exit
temperature ,increases the refrigeration effect and inturn
increases the coefficient of performance of the system at the
same amount of work of compression.
CONTENTS

Equipments of VCRS
Working of VCRS
Modification of VCRS with subcooler
Calculations
Advantages
Conclusion
References
Equipments of VCRS

Compressor

Compressor Condenser
Expansion valve & Evaporator

Capillary tube Evaporator


Fan motor Filter
Relay & olp

Relay
Relay & OLP WITH CONNECTION
Condenser capacitor Subcooler
Refrigerant R134a
Pressure guage
REFRIGERATION

Refrigeration : The term refrigeration may be defined as the


process of removing heat from a substance under controlled
conditions.
It also includes the process of reducing heat & maintaining the
temperature of a body below the general temperature of its
surroundings.
Working of VCRS WITH UNDERCOOLING
EVAPORATOR
The Evaporator coils are located in the compartment to be cooled.
The low pressure liquid refrigerant, after passing through the
expansion valve, expands.
Take in heat from the surrounding and evaporates.
The gas is then sucked up by the compressor.
The compressor

The compressor is the heart of the


system. The compressor does just
what its name is. It compresses the
low pressure refrigerant vapour from
the evaporater and compresses it into a
high pressure vapour.
The Condenser

The discharge line leaves the compressor and


runs to the inlet of the condenser because the
refrigerant was compressed, it is a hpt high
pressure vapour (as pressure go up
temperature goes up).
Thermal expansion valve
EXPANSION:
The expansion valve acting as a regulating
valve, limits the amount of refrigerant
flowing through.
Resulting in reduction of pressure of the liquid
and expansion takes place.
Modification of VCRS

The term subcooling refers to a liquid


existing at a temperature below its normal
boiling point. For example, water boils at
373 K; at room temperature (300 K) the
water is termed "subcooled". A subcooled
liquid is the convenient state in which, say,
refrigerants may undergo the remaining
stages of a refrigeration cycle.
CALCULATIONS

For simple saturated cycle the COP


=h1-h4/h2-h1 = 343.53-239.03/376.43-343.53 = 104.5/32.9
= 3.17
For sub-cooled cycle the COP
=h1-h4*/h2-h1=343.53-229.6/376.43-343.53 =113.93/32.9
=3.463
Thus the percentage increase in COP is given by
=3.463-3.17/3.17 *100
=9.24%
ADVANTAGES
Sub-cooling increases the refrigeration effect per kg of refrigerant
circulated
Rate of flow per min of refrigerant per ton of refrigeration produce
is less
Vapour handling by the compressor per ton of refrigeration is
reduced
High COP
Power per ton of refrigeration is less
CONCLUSION

Sub-cooling influences the power per ton of refrigeration and it


was concluded that with the constant falling of condenser exit
temperature the work done per kg in simple saturated cycle and
sub-cooled cycle is the same but the mass flow rate per ton is less
in the case of sub-cooled cycle resulting in the power per ton being
less for the sub-cooled cycle.
REFERENCES
Arora, C.P. (2010), Refrigeration and Air conditioning, 3rd edition,
Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi
K.J. Park, T. Seo, D. Jung, Performance of alternative refrigerants for
residential air conditioning applications, Applied Energy 84 (2007) 985
991.
J. Chen, J. Yu, Performance of new refrigerant cycle using refrigerant
mixture R32/ R134a for residential air-conditioner applications, Energy
and Buildings 40 (2008) 2022 2027.
M.A. Hammad, M.A. Alsaad, The use of hydrocarbon mixtures as
refrigerants in domestic refrigerators, Applied Thermal Engineering 19
(1999) 11811189.