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THERE IS

NOTHING
IMPOSSIBLE
TO HIM
WHO WILL
TRY
In a small land, in the north of Greece, there was
a population of farmers and breeders.
Their king was Philip II, that was the Kingdom of
Macedonia
In the city of Pella, was born a child, who would
have changed the history
His name WAS......
ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Philip II transformed the Macedonian army into a
military machine based on the phalanx
This lets him to invade the Greece, that by 338 BC
was under his control after the battle of
Chaeronea
But...in 336 BC Philip II was assassinated and
Alexander succeeded him. He was only 20
years old
MY SON, YOU MUST FIND
A KINGDOM BIG ENOUGH
FOR YOUR AMBITIONS.
MACEDON IS TOO SMALL
FOR YOU
Alexander strengthened his control on the
Greek Peninsula

But His Vision was bigger than his fathers one


He dreamt to unify the world, the West with the
East, under only one culture
The Conquests of Alexander
1. Heavily
Conquests Dates
outnumbered,
1 Freed Ionian Greek Alexander crushes
333 BCE the Persians at the
cities
Battle of Issus.
2 Palestine, Syria, & 2. Alexander
332 BCE
Egypt establishes
Alexandria as the
3 The Battle of Greek capitol of
331 BCE
Gaugamela Egypt!
3. Near Babylon,
Alexander
decisively defeats
Darius! Becomes
the ruler of the
entire Persian
Alexander was still not satisfied! Empire!
Example of a Timeline
356 BC 336 BC 332 BC 326 BC 324 BC
Alexander Death of King The Siege of Battle of River Troops
the Great is Phillip and Tyre Hydaspes mutiny at
born. Crowning of Opis
Alexander the
Great as ruler of
Macedonia
323 B.C

356 B.C

338 BC 334 BC 331 BC 327 BC 323 BC The


Battle of Battle of the Foundation of Marriage to Death of
Chaeronea Granicus River Alexandria and Roxane and Alexander the
Battle of the Beginning Great
Gaugamela of the Indian
Quest

Alexander The Great


Personality
A Big empire needs a big personality...Alexander
was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. At
the age of 18 he saved the important battle of
Chaeronea . But before being a general and a
soldier, he was just a dreamer. And his dream
was so far that common people would have
said that he was born from Jupiter or
Dionysus
Why was Alexander so successful?

Great Military Leader


Master of strategy and tactics

He was fearless
Led his men into battle
Willing to risk his own life
While in India, Alexander was the first to leap over a
city wall in order to inspire his troops.
Legacy (Hellenistic culture)
The Marriage of East & West

Alexander the Great ushered in


the Hellenistic Age A period
where Greek influence could be
found throughout the known
world!

Cynics (Cynicism)
Diogenes (412-323 BC)
Hatred of power and worldly
possessions
Does Alexander
really deserve
the title the
great?