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You are on page 1of 21

THE BINOMIAL THEOREM shows how to

calculate a power of a binomial --

(a + b)n -- without actually multiplying

out.

The Binomial Theorem shows how to

calculate for the binomial coefficient in

the expansion of a b

n

n

a b

n n! nk k

a b

k 0 n k ! k!

The Binomial Theorem

The symbol for a binomial coefficient

is n which is also the same as

n Ck

k

This is read as combination n taken k.

The upper index n is the exponent of the

expansion; the lower index k indicates

which term, starting with k = 0.

The lower index k is the exponent of b.

The Binomial Theorem

The theorem states that the binomial

coefficients are none other than

the combinatorial numbers, nCk .

n n!

n Ck

k k!(n k )!

EXPLORING THE BINOMIAL THEOREM

Example 1.

of what binomial?

b) In that expansion, what number is the

coefficient of a8b4?

EXPLORING THE BINOMIAL THEOREM

Example 2.

Expand (a b)5.

Example 3.

In the expansion of (x y)15, calculate

the coefficients ofx3y12 and x2y13.

EXPLORING THE BINOMIAL THEOREM

Example 4.

Use the binomial theorem to expand (a + b)8.

The first coefficient is always 1. The second is always the

exponent of the expansion.

(a + b)8 = a8 + 8a7b

For the next coefficient, it will be the present coefficient, 8

times the exponent of a in that term , divided by 1 more

then the exponent of b (in the same term).

It will be 87

2

.and so on.

EXPLORING THE BINOMIAL THEOREM

Example 5.

Write the 5th term in the expansion of (a + b)10.

n 10

n Ck 10 C4

k 4

EXPLORING THE BINOMIAL THEOREM

Example 6.

Expand (x 1)6.

Example 7.

Expand (x + 2)3.

Exercises:

Compute the first four terms of each of the

following.

a) (a + b)15

a15 + 15a14b + 105a13b2 + 455a12b3

b) (x 1)20

x20 20x19 + 190x18 1140x17

Exercises:

Consider the expansion of (x + b)30.

a) What is the exponent of b in the 1st term?

0

b) What is the exponent of b in the 3rd term?

2

c) In the 25th term?

24

d) In the kth term?

k1

e) Write the fourth term, with its coefficient.

4,060x27b3

Exercises:

55a9b2

b) The fifth term of (x y)7.

35x3y4

c) The tenth term of (x 1)12.

220x3

Exercises:

a) (a + b)3 =

a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3

b) (a b)3 =

a3 3a2b + 3ab2 b3

c) (x + y)4 =

x4 + 4x3y + 6x2y2 + 4xy3 + y4

d) (x y)4 =

x4 4x3y + 6x2y2 4xy3 + y4

Exercises:

e) (x 1)5 =

x5 5x4 + 10x3 10x2 + 5x 1

f) (x + 2)5 =

x5 + 10x4 + 40x3 + 80x2 + 80x + 32

g) (2x 1)3 =

8x3 12x2 + 6x 1

h) (1 xy)7 =

1 7xy + 21x2y2 35x3y3 + 35x4y4 21x5y5 + 7x6y6 x7y7

http://www.algebra4children.com/Quizzes/Algeb

ra-2-quizzes/binomial-theorem.html

https://www.cliffsnotes.com/study-

guides/algebra/algebra-ii/additional-topics/quiz-

binomial-coefficients-and-the-binomial-theorem

http://www.glencoe.com/sec/math/studytools/c

gi-bin/msgQuiz.php4?isbn=0-07-888482-

9&chapter=11&lesson=6&&headerFile=7

http://worksheets.tutorvista.com/the-binomial-

theorem-worksheet.html

http://www.mathopolis.com/questions/quiz.php

Helpful sites

Khan Academy

https://www.khanacademy.org/math/algebra2/po

lynomial-functions/binomial-theorem/e/binomial-

theorem

Exercises:

http://www.regentsprep.org/regents/math/algtrig

/atp4/pracbinomial.htm

http://www.algebralab.org/practice/practice.aspx

?file=Algebra_BinomialExpansion.xml

http://hotmath.com/help/gt/genericalg2/section_

9_5.html

EXERCISES:

Problem 1 :

Write out the expansion of (x + y)6 .

Problem 2 :

Write out the expansion of (x - 5)4 .

Problem 3 :

Write out the expansion of (2x + 7y)3 .

Problem 4 :

Write out the expansion of (1 - x)7 .

Problem 5:

Write out the expansion of (x 2 +3y)4 .

APA

SparkNotes Editors. (n.d.). SparkNote on Binomial Expansion. Retrieved March 7, 2016, from

http://www.sparknotes.com/math/algebra2/binomialexpansion/

ANSWERS

Problem : Write out the expansion of (x + y)6 .

(x + y)6 = x 6 +6x 5 y +15x 4 y 2 +20x 3 y 3 +15x 2 y 4 +6xy 5 + y 6

Problem : Write out the expansion of (x - 5)4 .

(x - 5)4 = x 4 -20x 3 +150x 2 - 500x + 625

Problem : Write out the expansion of (2x + 7y)3 .

(2x + 7y)3 = 8x 3 +84x 2 y + 294xy 2 +343y 3

Problem : Write out the expansion of (1 - x)7 .

(1 - x)7 = 1 - 7x + 21x 2 -35x 3 +35x 4 -21x 5 +7x 6 - x 7

Problem : Write out the expansion of (x 2 +3y)4 .

(x 2 +3y)4 = x 8 +12x 6 y + 54x 4 y 2 +108x 2 y 3 +81y 4

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