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RATIOS &

PROPORTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS

Topic: B

(7.RP.A.2b, 7.RP.A.2c, 7.RP.A.2d, 7.EE.B.4a)

LESSON 8 & 9:

REPRESENTING PROPORTIONAL

RELATIONSHIPS WITH EQUATIONS

Student Outcomes

Students use the constant of proportionality to represent

relationships by equation in real-world contexts as they relate

the equations to a corresponding ration table or graphical

representation.

VOCABULARY (MODULE 1)

Review Terminology New Terminology

Ratio Constant of Proportionality

Equivalent Ratio One-to-One

Ratio Table Correspondence between

Rate two figures in the plane

Unit Rate Proportional Relationship

Coordinate Plane Proportional to:

Origin Scale Drawing

Scale Factor

EQUATION?

If we know that the constant of proportionality, k, is

y

equal to for a given set of ordered pairs, x and y,

x y

then we can write k = .. What other way can

x

we write it (what other way have I shown you)?

EXAMPLE 1:

DO WE HAVE ENOUGH GAS TO MAKE

IT TO THE GAS STATION?

Your mother has accelerated onto the interstate beginning a long trip, and

you notice that the low fuel light is on, indicating that there is a half a

gallon left in the gas tank. The nearest gas station is 26 miles away. Your

mother keeps a log where she records the mileage and the number of gallons

purchased each time she fills up the tank. Use the information in the table

to determine whether you will make it to the gas station before the gas runs

out. You know that if you can determine the amount of gas that her car

consumes in a particular number of miles, then you can determine whether

or not you can make it to the next gas station.

Gallons Miles Driven

8 224

10 280

4 112

A. Find the constant of proportionality and explain what it

represents in this situation. (Lets make a table)

number of gallons of gas. (multiple answers)

C. Knowing that there is a half gallon left in the gas tank when the

light comes on, will she make it to the nearest gas station? Why or

why not?

D. Using the equation found in part (b), determine how far your

mother an travel on 18 gallons of gas. Solve the problem in two

ways: once using the constant of proportionality and once using an

equation.

Using arithmetic:

Using an equation:

E. Using the constant of proportionality, and then the

equation found in part b, determine how many gallons of

gas would be needed to travel 750 miles.

Using arithmetic:

Using an equation:

would be needed to drive 750 miles.

EXAMPLE 2:

Andrea is a street artist in New Orleans. She draws

caricatures (cartoon-like portraits) of tourists. People have

their portrait drawn and then come back later to pick it up

from her. The graph below shows the relationship between

the number of portraits she draws and the amount of time in

hours she needs to draw the portraits.

pairs from the graph, and

explain what each ordered

pair means in the contest of

this graph:

EXAMPLE 2: CONTINUED

Andrea is a street artist in New Orleans. She draws caricatures

(cartoon-like portraits) of tourists. People have their portrait drawn

and then come back later to pick it up from her. The graph below

shows the relationship between the number of portraits she draws

and the amount of time in hours she needs to draw the portraits.

relate the number of portraits drawn to

the time spent drawing the portraits. Let

T represent the time in hours, and N

represent the number of portraits drawn.

(hint: T is your X and N is your Y)

EXAMPLE 2: CONTINUED

Andrea is a street artist in New Orleans. She draws caricatures

(cartoon-like portraits) of tourists. People have their portrait drawn

and then come back later to pick it up from her. The graph below

shows the relationship between the number of portraits she draws

and the amount of time in hours she needs to draw the portraits.

proportionality, and explain what it

means in this situation.

LESSON 8 PROBLEM SET 1-6

LESSON 9: EXAMPLE 1

Jackson and his grandfather constructed a model for a birdhouse. Many of their neighbors

offered to buy the birdhouses. Jackson decided that building birdhouses could help him earn

money for his summer camp, but he is not sure how long it will take him to finish all of the

requests for birdhouses. If Jackson can build 7 birdhouses in 5 hours, write an equation that

will allow Jackson to calculate the time it will take him to build any give number birdhouses,

assuming that he works at a constant rate?

to know is how many Jackson can build in 1 hour

so we need to have the hours on

bottom in order to make a unit rate per hour.

LESSON 9: EXAMPLE 1 CONTINUED

Jackson and his grandfather constructed a model for a birdhouse. Many of their neighbors

offered to buy the birdhouses. Jackson decided that building birdhouses could help him earn

money for his summer camp, but he is not sure how long it will take him to finish all of the

requests for birdhouses. If Jackson can build 7 birdhouses in 5 hours, write an equation that

will allow Jackson to calculate the time it will take him to build any give number birdhouses,

assuming that he works at a constant rate?

number of hours it takes to build 1 birdhouse?

How would this change things?

______hour(s).

LESSON 9: EXAMPLE 1 CONTINUED

Jackson and his grandfather constructed a model for a birdhouse. Many of their neighbors

offered to buy the birdhouses. Jackson decided that building birdhouses could help him earn

money for his summer camp, but he is not sure how long it will take him to finish all of the

requests for birdhouses. If Jackson can build 7 birdhouses in 5 hours, write an equation that

will allow Jackson to calculate the time it will take him to build any give number birdhouses,

assuming that he works at a constant rate?

or1.4

numberofhours 5

numberofhours 5

or.71

numberofbirdhouses 7

This problem asks you to write an equation that will let Jackson determine how long it will take

to build any number of birdhouses, so we want to know the value of H(hours). This forces H to

be the Dependent variable and B(birdhouses) to be the independent variable.

Constant of Proportionality will be: or

( x) Independent (b) Independent

Our Equation will be in the form of Y=KX or in

this case H=KB

LESSON 9 PROBLEM SET 1-4

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