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EMERGING OCCUPATIONS:

RESPONDING TO CLIMATE
CHANGE

Antonio C. Asper
Member, TESDA Board, representing Labor
Assistant to the President, Federation of
Free Workers-ITUC
Contents

• Framework of Emerging
Occupations
• About Green Jobs
Drivers

• Policy and
demographics
• Technological
Change
• Competitivenes
s
• War and
terrorism
• Strategies to
respond to
Source: Linda Maling Church
Examples of NEO

Source: Ohio Department of Jobs and Family Service,, March 2010


NEO: In-demand Industry
Sectors
•Advanced • Information Technology
Manufacturing • Education
•Green Economy • Nanotechnology
• Aerospace • Energy
• Health Care • Retail Trade
• Automotive • Financial Services
• Homeland • Transportation
Security • Geospatial Technology
• Biotechnology
• Hospitality
• Construction
Source: O*NET as cited in Church, March 2010
Green Jobs
Green and Growing
Industries

As cited in Karin Martinson, Alexandra Stanczyk, and Lauren Eyster “Low-Skill Workers’ Access to
Quality Green Jobs”, The Urban Institute, Brief 13, May2010
Mix of Skills Levels in Green
Jobs
Strategies for Pro-poor
Green Jobs
• Curricular Reforms
• Strong partnerships between employers
and training providers and between
public and private sectors
• Career paths
• Financial Assistance
• Recruitment efforts and support
services for non-traditional workers
Where are the Green Jobs? 213
Titles

Source: EDF: “Green Jobs Guidebook”, 2009


Index of GJ: Low Carbon Power
and Renewable Power
Sub-segments Generation
Areas for training Titles
Solar Power and Dev’t and Mfg., Installation and 21
Photovoltaic Systems maintenance, Eng., design and project
mgt., solar sales and mktg
Wind Power Dev’t & Mfg., Installation and 12
Maintenance, Eng., design and project
mgt.
Hydro-electric Power Operation, Dev’t., & Mfg., Installation 13
and maintenance, Eng., design & project
mgt.
Geothermal Power Dev’t .& Mfg,, installation, & 13
maintenance, Eng., design & project
mgt..
Biogas and Bio- Landfill gas collection Operations, 4
methane generated landfill gas to energy plant operations,
Power animal waste to energy
Biomass Power Biomass collection and processing, 2
Source: Biomass
EDF: “Green Jobs Guidebook”, power plant
2009
Occupational Profile

Source: EDF: “Green Jobs Guidebook”, 2009


Source: UNEP Report, page 39
Needed: A National Development Framework
A Socially-responsible Dynamic interaction
Market Economy among:
characterized by: • Market regulation
• Freedom • State regulation
• Justice • Voice regulation
1 4
• Solidarity

2 3

A national consensus A form of Government


on an Industrial Policy that is:
• Federal
under a regime of global
• Semi-parliamentary
economic integration
• Bi-cameral

14
IMPACT ON JOBS
New Substit Redefini Loss
u- -
tion tion

IMPACT ON PRODUCTS
What should be Done?

• Identify and Quantify


Impacts
• Review and Adjust
Qualifications,
Competencies and
Certification Levels
• Improve Active Labor
Market
Interventions
• Cohere & Expand Social
Protection Policies and
Employ Rights Social Social
Mechanisms
ment at Work Protectio Dialogue
• Reform Labor Relations
n
ENTRY TO DECENT WORK
Green Jobs Strategic
Priorities

Source:: Cynthia Cruz:, 2009


TESDA”s TVET Policy agenda
• Establishment of a Levy Grant System in TVET
• Strengthening of the Operations of the TESDA
Development Fund
• Promotion of EBT utilizing DTS
• Devolution of TESDA’s Training Functions with
emphasis on PPP
• Expansion of the PNQF and Recalibrating the PTQCS
• Development of a Polytechnic University
• Expansion of Institutional Training Arrangements
with Other Countries
• Training for Green Jobs
SOCIAL IRENICS

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Differentiating Climate
Solutions
Solution Objecti Term Type of Nature Areal/Sec Sector Driver
ve Action of risk tor Prevale
Appropria nt
te

Adaptati To Short/ Reactio Clear Climate Non- Physical


on reduce Mediu nary/ and Sensitive Energy Risk
risk m Anticipa Present
tory

Mitigatio To Mediu Anticipa Potenti Carbon Energy Energy


n reduce m/ tory/ al & Producing Policy/
GHG Long Substitu Probabl Technolo
tionary e gy/
Subsidie
s/
Competit
iveness
Source:: Cynthia Cruz:, 2009
Mangroves of Day-Asan and
Dinagat
What are Green Jobs

“...work in agricultural, manufacturing, research and


development (R&D),administrative, and service
activities that contribute substantially to preserving or
restoring environmental quality. Specifically, but not
exclusively, this includes jobs that help to protect
ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials,
and water consumption through high efficiency
strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or
altogether avoid generation of all forms of waste and
pollution.”
Drivers of NEO

• Policy and demographics


• Technological Change
• Competitiveness
• War and terrorism
• Strategies to respond to Climate
Change