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Teacher: Milagros Salas Linares

Course: English V


o We can put an ‘s’ on a countable noun: Bananas.‘two bananas’ etc.COUNTABLE NOUNS The countable nouns are those that can be counted and have plural. . Singular (banana) Plural (bananas) I like bananas. o A countable noun can be: I eat a banana every day. o “Banana” is a countable noun. o We can say ‘one banana’ .

COUNTABLE NOUNS We add -es to most nouns in -o: tomato tomatoes potato potatoes But we just add -s to: radio radios photo photos .

COUNTABLE NOUNS EXAMPLES SINGULAR PLURAL  apple apples  pineapple pineapples  strawberry strawberries  grape grapes .

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS The uncountable nouns are those that can not be counted. ‘two rices’.  An uncountable noun has only one form. (rice)  We can’t put an ‘s’ on an uncountable noun.  Rice is an uncountable noun. I eat rice everyday. etc. .  We can’t say ‘one rice’.

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS EXAMPLES ☺ Salad dressing ☺ Lettuce ☺ Water ☺ Milk .

You You can CAN’T count them. . them.


 Saying says: an Apple a day keeps the doctor away!  I have to wear a uniform. . When is A/AN used ? Use A or AN with singular countable nouns.  I study in a university. Use AN when the noun begings with VOWEL SOUND! EXAMPLE:  She needs a box of milk.  We buy a car.

. SOME / ANY Some and any are used to state the quantity. amount of something.  The exact number is not important or relevant.  Some and any are used with countable and uncountable nouns. When using some or any. Some and any can be used when:  The exact number is not known. the exact number is not stated.

EXAMPLES:  There is some rice. .  Would you like some tea.  I drank some coffee. When is SOME used ? Use SOME+UNCOUNTABLE and PLURAL COUNTABLE in affirmative sentences and offerings.  There are some apples.

 There are not any onions. EXAMPLES:  Is there any bread?. .  Are there any onions?. When is ANY used ? Use ANY+uncountable or plural countable. there isn’t any bread. in QUESTIONS and NEGATIVE SENTENCES.  No.

No. juice? Offering Responding Would you like some Yes please I'd like some. in the fridge? Is there any orange Yes. coffee? a request Responding Would you mind lending Of course here you are. there isn't any. Interrogative Affirmative Negative Are there any tomatoes Yes. me some money? . there is some. No. there are some. there aren't any.



.. HOW MUCH and HOW MANY  How much .? = countable nouns For example: How many cups of coffee do you drink? ...? = uncountable nouns For example: How much coffee do you drink?  How many ...

EXAMPLE: In this case. we can use How much with countable nouns (both singular and plural How much time do we have to finish the test? nouns). it is in singular form (= IS or WAS etc.) . (Quantity) (Price) How much is used with uncountable nouns. How much money did you spend? EXAMPLE: How much traffic was there on the way to How much is that painting? work? How much did your jacket cost? How much does it cost ? If the verb To Be is used with an uncountable noun. How much can also be used when we want to HOW MUCH + UNCOUNTABLE NOUN know the PRICE of something.

HOW MANY…? EXAMPLE: (Quantity) How many days are there in January? How many is used when we want to know How many people work in your company? the QUANTITY of something. How many cousins do you have? It is only used with plural countable nouns. How many students are in the class right HOW MANY + PLURAL NOUN now? How many chairs are there in this room? How many pieces of chocolate would you like? .