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ISLAM 101

MACRINA A. MORADOS
UP- IIS
April 18, 2015
What is Islam
The Fallacy.. The Reality is.
It has no founder
It is a religion Not just a religion but it is a
founded by Prophet way of life
Islam is not new, one of the
Muhammad Abrahamic Faiths i.e. Judaism,
Christianity and Islam
Islam is a new The Adherents to the faith are
called Muslims
Religion after Muslim technically means
Christianity complete submission to the
Will of Allah
The Broader Context of Islam

ISLAM is taken from the Arabic word [ ] or


which means:
Release, freedom and redemption from inner and
outer evil;
Peace and security;
Order and harmony;
Obedience, surrender and submission to the Will
of Allah.
How do Muslims call their Creator?

Why not God? Allah swt


Gods/Goddess/ Unique, Pure and
Godesses One
god
There is nothing
whatever like unto
Him. [Al-Quran
42:11]
Islamic culture: Sources

generally includes all the practices which have developed


around the religion of Islam, including Quranic ( Koran)
such as prayer (salah), etc.

Prophetic Traditions that embody the sets of Adab


(ethics) regulating Muslims way of life.

Best Practices always in reference to the Holy Quran,


Prophetic Traditions and righteous followers of the Prophet
(saw)
The Message of Islam is set in the
Glorious Quran which contains:
Religious Sciences
Natural and Physical Sciences
Law and Governance
Ethics and Morality
International Relations
(including Laws on War and Peace)
Economics and Trade Relations
History and Eschatology
Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Six Articles of Faith

Part of being a Muslim is to believe in the


Prophethood of Nabi Isa (Jesus)
One chapter of the Quran is named Surah Al-
Imran
One chapter is named Surah Al-Maryam
Issues Relating to Shariah
The Reality is ..
The Fallacy.. The Maqasid al-Shariah provides the
Shariah is about stoning to ultimate objectives of the Law
It aims to protect the five essentials
death in the case of
Adultery Core values protected by the
It is about cutting the hand Shariah:
of the theft Religion
Life
Oppression of women Progeny
Intellect
Property
Honor
Islam and Man
Purpose of Creation

Surah 51, verse 56, and I (Allah)


created not the Jinn and
mankind except to worship Me.
Man and Allah
more than 100 verses calls man to
dhiker contemplation
Find Allah in the signs:
Self
Nature/Universe
Other Creatures
Narratives of the creation (Struggle)
The final destiny
Allah swt is omnipresent and
omnipotent
ISLAM governs all aspects of life. It is a WAY
of LIFE:
Individual
Spiritual
Physical
Intellectual
Family
Societal/Communal
Universal/Relating to Non-Muslims
On Individual:

Spiritual perfection
(good conduct)
Consciousness that life in
this world is temporary
Attainment of
Inward and
outward Purity
Inculcate sense of Integrity and Truthfulness
Enjoin what is good
Sense of Responsibility - ( Amanah or Trust)
On the Family:

Kindness to wife and Parents


are highly enjoined
"Each one of you is a shepherd and each one of you is responsible for those under his
care. A leader is a shepherd and is responsible for his citizens. A man is a shepherd of his
family and is responsible for them. A woman is a shepherd in her husband's home and is
responsible for whatever is under her care. A servant is a shepherd of his master's wealth
and is responsible for whatever is under his care. Each one of you is a shepherd and each
one of you is responsible for whatever is under his care.

[Bukhari#853 & Muslim #1829 ]

Mutual Rights and Obligations between


husband and wife
On Neighbor/Brother/Sister/s:

Islamic Brotherhood transcends beyond blood, color, and


ethnicity
The believers are but one brotherhood; so make peace and
reconciliation between two contending brothers. And fear Allah
swt that you may receive mercy.
Surah al-Hujurat 49:10
"...Whenever you speak, speak justly, even if a
near relative is concerned; and fulfill the
covenant of Allah swt. Thus , does He command
you, that you may remember." (Qur'an 6:152)

Establish support system and


avoid crab mentality or jealousy
Accepts and provides
constructive
Criticisms for self-Improvement

Creates safe environment for


all
Dealing others with Mercy and Compassion
Gentleness or diplomacy
in correcting others.
Enjoins Courtesy/Politeness

Into
Becoming part of the Solution rather than a
PROBLEM
Enjoins Charity and taking care the Needy
Enjoins Generosity
Enjoins sharing and Gift-giving
Invite with wisdom and with beautiful
preaching
Highlight Commonalities rather than
differences
Promote Mutual Respect and Tolerance
"Invite (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and
argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knoweth
best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance." (Qur'an
16:125)

"And do not argue with the followers of the Book except by what is best,
save with those of them who act unjustly, and say: We believe in that
which has been revealed to us and revealed to you, and our God and
your God is One, and to Him do we submit." (Qur'an 29:46)