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15.4
15.4
15.4

15.4

  • 14. The Progressive era was an effort to address the ills of American society stemming from industrial capitalism, urbanization and political corruption.

15.4

Social

Criticism

Changes brought by industrialization and urbanization

triggered debate

how best to address society’s

problems.

Some Americans believed

the government should take a more active role

regulating the economy

and helping those in need.

15.4

Henry George

and Progress and

Poverty

Henry George’s

book became a

bestseller.

Land was the basis of wealth.

George proposed a single tax

on land to replace all other taxes.

Believed it would

had made society

more equal.

Provide gov’t with enough money to

help the poor.

George’s ideas challenged

Social Darwinism and laissez-faire economics.

15.4

Reform

Darwinism

Lester Frank Ward- used Darwinism to

reach a different

conclusion.

People succeeded

because of their

ability to cooperate

Competition

was wasteful and

time consuming.

Government could regulate the economy, cure poverty and promote education.

LESTER FRANK WARD

15.4

Looking

Backward

Critics of Social Darwinism and laissez-

faire

moved to the opposite extreme.

Edward Bellamy-

  • his novel depicts a man

that wakes up in future

America that is perfect.

In this society- Government owns

all industry and

shares the wealth.

15.4

Naturalism in Literature

Naturalism-

new style of writing- it challenged the idea

that all people have

control over their lives.

People failed in life because they were caught

up in circumstances

beyond their control.

Stephen Crane and Jack

London

15.4

Helping the Urban

Poor

Some critics were

working for reform.

Social Gospel Movement,

  • Salvation Army,

YMCA women’s Clubs,

settlement Houses and temperance movements.

15.4

Social Gospel

Worked to better conditions according to

biblical ideas of charity

and justice.

Washington Gladden-

minister from

Columbus, Ohio.

Applying

Christian

principles to solve

social problems.

Churches began to take on community problems

designed to improve

society.

15.4

The Salvation Army and

the YMCA

William Booth-

  • formed the Salvation Army-

offered practical aid and

religious counseling to the urban poor.

YMCA: also began in

England-

bible studies, prayer meetings, citizenship activities, and group activities.

WILLIAM BOOTH

15.4

Dwight L. Moody and

Revivalism

Dwight L. Moody- president

of Chicago YMCA.

Introduced gospel

hymn into worship

services.

Moody drew thousands of people to revival meetings in 1870s and 1880s.

Believed truly helping people by redeeming their souls and reforming their character.

DWIGHT L. MOODY

15.4

The Settlement House Movement

Settlement House- middle-

class residents lived and helped poor residents- mostly

immigrants.

15.4

Jane Addams- established

Hull House in Chicago in

1889.

Provided medical care,

recreation programs, English

classes, and hot lunches.

15.4

Public Education

US needed workers trained and educated.

Led to greater focus on building schools and colleges

in the late 1800’s.

15.4

Spread of Schools

Americanization- public schools essential to immigrant children.

Public schools taught English, American History, and Citizenship.

Member public schools increased after civil war.

Americanization posed a problem for immigrants -parents worried their children

would forget their own cultural

traditions.

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Education for the workplace

City schools helped immigrants assimilate

Grade school system divided students into eight grades- drilled them in

timely attendance, neatness and efficiency habits for success at the workplace.

15.4

Expanding Higher Education Colleges multiplied Morrill Land Grant- gave

federal lands to states for the purpose of setting up land-

grant colleges.

15.4

Public Libraries

Made education available to city dwellers.

Carnegie donated millions to libraries.