MICRO PRESENTATION

³GROUP DISCUSSION´
BY RASHID HUSSAIN Post R.N B.Sc Nursing
SUBJECT: SUBJECT: TEACHING LEARNING

Khyber Medical University Post Graduate College of Nursing Peshawar 19-0419-04-2010

Group Discussion

Introduction 

Research has shown that participants in extensive educational programs strongly prefer interactive delivery methods, which allow them to learn new information by seeing, experiencing, and discussing. discussing. In working with groups, Extension educators often find it easier to provide opportunities for seeing and experiencing than for discussion. discussion. These methods can be used to promote effective discussions in learner groups. When used groups. as one part of a broader program delivery system, these methods can be very helpful in facilitating the learning process. process.
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AIM: To share the knowledge among the
participants about the Discussion Method

OBJECTIVES: OBJECTIVES:
At the end of presentation the participants will be able to: to: 
   

Define Discussion Method? Describe the types of Discussion Methods? Enlist the characteristics of discussion methods? Explain the Do¶s and Don¶ts of Group Discussion? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Group Discussion. Discussion.
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Definitions 

A group discussion (GP) is a discussion about a given topic by a pre-determined pregroup. group. Group Discussion is the technique to present the topic systematically and tactfully in a logical manner. manner. As the name itself indicate, is a group activity carried out by participating individuals. individuals. It is an exchange of ideas among the individuals of a group on a specific topic. topic.
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Types of Discussion Methods 

Panel Discussion: A small group of Discussion: individuals (from three to five) who are knowledgeable about a particular subject discuss the topic among themselves in front of an audience. Panel participants audience. make no formal presentations; they presentations; exchange ideas through conversation. conversation.

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Panel Discussion

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Seminar Discussion 

Seminar Discussion is generally, a form of academic instruction, either at an academic institution or offered by a commercial or professional organization. It organization. has the function of bringing together small groups for recurring meetings, focusing each time on some particular subject, in which everyone present is requested to actively participate. participate.
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Seminar Discussion

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Types of Discussion
report back to entire class: class:

Conti«

Buzz Groups: Small groups of students find solutions and Groups:

‡ Good for ³reducing the risk of participation´ for a student. student. ‡ Non-participants in large groups become participants in Nonsmall groups. groups. ‡ Feel obligated. obligated. ‡ Bigger sense of responsibility . ‡ Participating in a small group can be more comfortable for a student who is shy about speaking up in front of the entire class. class. ‡ Students who are non-participants in a larger group may nonfeel more relax to participate in a small group. group.

ClassClass-Room Discussion

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Techniques in conducting a Classroom Discussion 

Build a background for the discussion. discussion. Ask thought-provoking discussion questions. thoughtquestions. Ask questions to keep the discussion in bounds. bounds. Encourage the timid, restrain the talkative, and maintain a standard of discipline. discipline. Be willing to accept, temporarily, an incorrect idea. idea. A hasty ³No!´ or ³You¶re wrong!´ can bring sudden death to any discussion. discussion.
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Techniques.. 

Conti«

Avoid expressing your own ideas until the trainees have had ample opportunity to express their ideas. ideas. Summarize the discussion at intervals. Use the intervals. whiteboard for this purpose. purpose. Give due credit to the trainees for their contributions. contributions. Clear up misunderstandings and emphasize correct ideas. ideas.  

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Characteristics of Discussion Methods 


A GD is generally of 15-20 minutes duration. 15duration. The group will have 8 & 12 members who will express their views freely, frankly in a friendly manner, on a topic of current issue. issue. In a 20 minute GD with 10-12 participants, you 10should try and participate at least 4 times. times. It could be semi-circular, or circular, or seating semialong side a rectangular table, depending upon the venue. venue.
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Characteristics..

Conti« 

Leadership in a GD is established implicitly through one's performance in a GD. GD. Group discussion is essentially a verbal-oriented verbalperformance and you have to talk your way out. out. The teacher does not interfere once he/she announced the topic.  

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Seating Arrangement for Discussion

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What you say about«????

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Do`s in Group Discussion 
 

Appropriate to the issue or topic. topic. Initiate and generate the discussion. discussion. Make original points & support them by substantial reasoning. reasoning. Listen to the other participants actively & carefully. carefully. Only one person speaks at a time. time. Raise your hand to be recognized if you want to say something. something. Whatever you say must be with a logical flow & validate it with an example as far as possible. possible.
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Do`s« 

Conti«

Make only accurate statements. Summarize views of the others before presenting your point of view. Be brief and to the point in the presentation of your views. views. Modulate the volume, pitch and tone. tone. Be considerate to the feelings of the others. others. Try to get your turn. turn. Be an active and dynamic participant by listening. listening. Talk with confidence and self-assurance. self-assurance.
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Do¶s« 

Conti«

Encourage and provide reticent members to speak. speak. Maintain a relaxed and pleasant atmosphere throughout the discussion. discussion. Summarize the main view-points at the end. viewend.  

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Don¶ts During Group Discussion 

Being shy /nervous / keeping isolated from G.D Don't interrupt when someone is speaking. speaking. Speak in favour . Changed opinions Don¶t make fun of any participant even if his arguments are funny. funny. Worrying about mistakes. mistakes. making some grammatical     

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Don`ts 
 

Conti«

Don¶t engage yourself in sub-group conversation. subconversation. Don¶t repeat and use irrelevant materials. materials. Addressing yourself to the examiner. examiner. Avoid using speech mannerisms and time-fillers. time-fillers. Neither recline in your chair nor lean forward. forward. Don¶t use aggressive gestures. gestures. Don¶t ignore any member of the group. group.
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Don¶ts 
     

Conti«

Don¶t dominate the discussion Don¶t monopolize the discussion Don¶t make any personal remarks. remarks. Don¶t jump to conclusions. conclusions. Don¶t enter into didactic discussion Don¶t speak continuously for a long time. time. Neither raise your voice too high nor speak too softly. softly. Don¶t speak in monotone. monotone.
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Advantages of Discussion Method 

Give learners an opportunity to apply principle, concepts, and theories. theories. Students develop a sense of ownership and responsibility for their own learning. learning. Clarification of information and concepts. concepts. Students can learn process of group problem solving. solving. Attitudes can be changed through discussion. discussion. In discussions, students cannot sit back and wait for the professor's answers but must exert an effort to discover their own answers. answers. Discussions provide students with feedback on their ability to articulate how well they understand difficult ideas. ideas.
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Disadvantages of Discussion Method 
 

It takes a lot of time. time. It is effective only to a small group. group. One person or a few people monopolized the discussion. discussion. Discussions are inappropriate for providing an overview of the structure of a course, for introducing unfamiliar material and Explaining difficult concepts, and for doing a literature review. review. Discussions cannot provide charismatic inspiration to undertake a new and difficult unit 25 or learning project. project.   

What Skills are Judged in Group Discussion?
How good you are at communication with others. others. How you behave and interact with group. group. How open minded are you. you. Your listening skill. skill. How you put forward your views. views. Your leadership and decision making skills. skills. Your analysis skill and subject knowledge. knowledge. Problem solving and critical thinking skill. skill. Your attitude and confidence. confidence.

CONCLUSION 

The group discussion is a very effective way of learning. learning. However upon the group

discussion

depends

optimum

preparation and active participation of the members. members. 

The atmosphere should be democratic and friendly. friendly.
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References 

Handouts teacher. teacher.

of

³Group

Discussion´

provided

by 

http://hrlibrary.ngo. http://hrlibrary.ngo.ru/edumat/hreduseries/hrhan dbook/methods/6 dbook/methods/6.htm http://www.scribd.com/doc/17824156/GroupDiscu http://www.scribd.com/doc/17824156/GroupDiscu ssion-forssion-for-Success http://sunzi.lib.hku.hk/hkjo/view/32/3200081. http://sunzi.lib.hku.hk/hkjo/view/32/3200081.pdf http://bible.org/seriespage/teachinghttp://bible.org/seriespage/teaching-discussion
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A Group Discussion is a methodology used by an organization to gauge Whether the candidate has certain personality traits and/or skills that it desires in its members. members.
Team Player Reasoning Ability Leadership Flexibility Assertiveness Initiative Creativity/ Out of the box thinking Inspiring ability Listening Awareness

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