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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R

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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
CLASSIFICATION OF TRIPPING

Objective is to trip only the absolutely essential so that

- Damage is minimum
- Overspeeding of the TG due to sudden load throw off is avoided
- Impact of tripping of large set on the grid is minimum
- Auxiliaries if possible are kept energised and time to restart the unit is
minimum

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
CLASS-A TRIPPING

This is adopted for those electrical faults of Generator and Generator


transformer and unit auxiliary transformer for which tripping can not
be delayed.

This leads to simultaneous tripping of


- Generator Transformer HV side CB
- Field Circuit Breaker
- LV side incomer breakers of UAT
- Auto changeover from unit to station for unit auxiliaries and
tripping of turbine
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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
CLASS-B TRIPPING
This is adopted for all turbine faults (Mechanical) and for some
electrical faults of Generator, Generator transformer and unit auxiliary
transformer for which it is safe to trip the turbine.

Subsequently the Generator is tripped through low forward power


interlock

Ensures that unit does not overspeed due to trapped steam in the
turbine during the shutdown and also the loss of power to the grid from
the Generator is not sudden.

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
CLASS-C TRIPPING

This is adopted for all faults beyond the Generator system which can be
cleared by tripping of Generator transformer HV side CB alone.

In this case the TG set runs with HP-LP bypass system in operation and
the Generator continues to feed the unit auxiliary load through unit
auxiliary transformers.

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
TYPICAL CLASSIFICATION OF TRIPPING
PROTECTIVE RELAY TRIPPING MODE REMARKS
Generator Differential Relay Class A

Generator Transformer Differential Relay Class A

Unit Overall Differential Relay Class A

Generator Stator E/F Relay (100%) Class A

Generator Stator E/F Relay (95%) Class A

Generator Transformer Overfluxing Relay Class B I stage alarm


Generator Under frequency Relay Class C After some I stage alarm
time (say 30mins) II stage
Generator Rotor Earth Fault Relay Class B II stage I stage alarm
Generator Pole slipping Relay Class C

Generator Field Failure Relay Class B Without Under voltage


Generator Low Forward Power Relay For interlock in Class B
tripping
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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
TYPICAL CLASSIFICATION OF TRIPPING
PROTECTIVE RELAY TRIPPING MODE REMARKS
Generator Reverse Power Relay Class A

Generator Distance Backup Impedance Relay Class C

Generator Voltage Restrained Relay Class A

Generator Transformer H.V. side Backup O/C relay Class C

Generator Transformer H.V. side Backup E/F relay Class B

Unit Auxiliary Transformer Differential Relay Class A

Generator Negative Sequence Current Relay Class C I-stage alarm


Generator Definite time O/C Relay For alarm
Unit Auxiliary Transformer H.V. side O/C Relays (Backuup) Class A

Generator Transformer Buchholz Relay Class A II-stage I-stage alarm


Generator Transformer Winding Temperature Device Class C II-stage I-stage alarm
Generator Transformer Oil Temperature Device Class C II-stage I-stage alarm

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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R

TYPICAL CLASSIFICATION OF TRIPPING

PROTECTIVE RELAY TRIPPING MODE REMARKS


Generator Transformer Oil Level Device Alarm

Unit Auxiliary Transformer Buchholz Relay(s) Class C I-stage alarm


Unit Auxiliary Transformer(s) Oil Temperature I-stage alarm
Device(s) II-stage-trip unit switch
gear incomer breaker(s)
and Auto change-over to
station service

Unit Auxiliary Transformer(s) Oil Temperature I-stage alarm


Devices II-stage-trip unit switch
gear incomer breaker(s)
and Auto change-over.
Unit Auxiliary Transformer(s) Oil Level Device Alarm

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
TYPICAL GROUPING OF RELAYS
GROUP-I
- Generator Differential Relay
- Generator Transformer Differential Relay
- Generator Stator Earth Fault Relay for protection of 100% stator winding
- Generator Over-voltage Relay
- Generator Underfrequency Relay
- Generator Rotor Earth Fault Relay
- Generator Field Failure Relay
- Generator Low Forward Power Relay
- Generator Reverse Power Relay
- Generator voltage restrained O/C Relay
- Generator Transformer HV side O/C Relay (for backup protection)
- Unit Auxiliary Transformer(s) Differential Relay(s)
- Generator Negative Phase Sequence Current Relay

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
TYPICAL GROUPING OF RELAYS
GROUP-II
- Unit overall Differential Relay
- Generator Stator Earth Fault Relay for protection of 95% startor winding.
- Generator Transformer Overfluxing Relay
- Generator Overvoltage Relay.
- Generator Rotor Earth Fault Relay.
- Generator Field Failure Relay.
- Generator Pole Slipping Relay.
- Generator Low Forward Power Relay.
- Generator Reverse Power Relay.
- Generator Distance Backup Relay.
- Generator HV standby Earth Fault Relay.
- Unit Aux Transformer(s) H.V. side overcurrent Relay (for back up protection)
- Generator Negative Phase Sequence Current Relay.
- Generator definite time over-current Relay.
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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
SYSTEM DETAILS
GeneratorData :
Rated MVA : 247 MVA
Rated kV : 15.75kV
Full load current : 9065A
Sub-transient Reactance Xd : 21.4%
Neutral Grounding Transformer :
25 kVA, 15.75 kV/240 V, Resistor: 0.5 ohms, 280A.
Field Circuit Voltage : 600V
Negative Sequence Particulars :

1) A symmetrical short circuit performance is given by 12 t


2) Continuous negative sequence withstand current of generator-5%
which implies that maximum difference between the line current
is about 10%.
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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
SYSTEM DETAILS

If unbalance exceeds this limit, the extent of unbalance should be reduced within 3 to
5 minimum. At a value of negative sequence current of about 20-25% of the rated
value, the trip relay should operate & the generator should be automatically tripped.
3) Cooling down time of the machine : not available

Transformer Data:

1) Transformer Reactance : 14.5% on 15.75kV/ 420kV


250 MVA base
2) CT Details:
a) Generator side CT : 10000/5A, Rct 1.5, class PS,
star connection, Vk 600V,
RL= 0.5 one way
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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
SYSTEM DETAILS

b) 400 kV side CT : 500/ 1 A, RCT 3 , Vk 1000 V


class PS, star connection
c) Neutral side CT : 500/1 A, PS, V k 1000 V,RCT 3

3) RL Lead resistance : One way lead resistance of 15 m, 2.5 mm2


single cable is 0.1 (looping done in CT
Marshalling box)

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR 100% EARTH FAULT RELAY

Relay particulars:
Type : RAGEA
RXIG 95% Relay : 5-15V; 50 Hz.
RXIG 100% Relay : 0.4-1.2V, 150 Hz.
RXEG Supervision Relay : 40-120 V
RXKE1 for 95% Element : 20ms-99s
RXKE1 for 100% Element : 20ms- 99s
Auxiliary Voltage : 220 V DC

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR 100% EARTH FAULT RELAY
Calculations:
95% Element:
When a fault occurs on the high voltage side of a / Y step-up transformer,There is no voltage
displacement of the generator neutral due to Zero Sequence currents. But still a small generator
neutral voltage exists for an External ground fault due to a small capacitive coupling between
primary and secondary of the generator step-up transformer. If the data to Calculate this small
neutral voltage is not available, then relay sensitivity Is restricted to about 4-5%.

Also, the 95% relay of RAGEA is suitable for operation at lower frequency and thus can act as a
reliable earth fault protection during start-up. It Operates with increased sensitivity down to about 25
Hz, the operating value being about 0.6x set voltage. At still lower frequency of 10Hz, the relay
operates at 0.8 x set voltage.

Secondary side voltage of grounding transformer for a fault on generator terminal is 240/ 3 = 138V.

From experience it is found that, a setting of 5.4 V of the voltage gives adequate discrimination
against such faults.

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR 100% EARTH FAULT RELAY

Time delay setting need to be selected considering PT fuse operating time in case of a fault on
generator PT. This delay also gives stability against relay picking up from stray voltages.
Delay of about 1-2 secs is recommened.

100% Element:
Setting of this relay is approx. 50% of 3rd harmonic voltage measured across the Generator
grounding transformer.
Typical value of this 3rd harmonic voltage = 1-2V
Setting should be adjusted at site depending on actual measured value.
Time delay of 2 secs. Can be set.

Supervision Relay:
This is usually set about 80% of rated voltage, approx. 90 V.

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR 100% EARTH FAULT RELAY

Recommended Settings :

95% Relay : 5.4 V,1 sec.


100% Relay : 0.5 V, 2 sec.
Supervision Relay : 90 V

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR BACK-UP IMPEDANCE PROTECTION-RAKZB

Rated MVA = 247 MVA


Rated kV = 15.75 kV

Rated Load Impedance = 15.75/ 247 = 1.0043 prim.

CTR / PTR = ( 10000 / 5 ) / ( 15.75 x 10 / 110 ) = 13.97


Setting of RAKZB = 70 % of Rated Load Impedance
= 0.7 x 1.0043 x 13.97 = 9.82 sec.
Forward Reach = Reverse Reach
ZF = ZR = 9.82 sec.
ZF = ZR = ( 0.2 f / la 3 ) x ( A / B ) f = 50 Hz. Ia = ln = 5 A
( A / B ) = 8.5
Choose A = 80, then B = 9.4

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
ROTOR EARTH FAULT RELAY- RXNB
Type : RXNB
Operating Value : Approx. 5 K at Ux = 0 V and
: Approx. 245 K at Ux = 600 V
The relay operates for an insulation resistance Rx dependent upon Ux when
( ( Ux + 48 ) / 2.5 ) 14 K Rx
U1 : supply Voltage
Um : Super imposed voltage between the negative pole of the field
winding and the earth
Ux : Field voltage between the fault location & negative pole of the field wdg.
Rx : Insulation Resistance between the field windind & the earth at the fault
location.
Ij : Current in the measuring circuit.

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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
ROTOR EARTH FAULT RELAY- RXNB

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
ROTOR EARTH FAULT RELAY- RXNB

Delay on pick-up : Approx. 11sec.


Maximum permissible
Field circuit voltage : 600V continuous, 1500v for 9 sec
Bias circuit voltage : 240V 10%, 50Hz.
Auxiliary voltage : 240V DC

Recommended settings :
The relay has fixed settings as described.

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR NEGATIVE SEQUENCE PROTECTION (RARIB)

Relay particulars:
Type : RARIB
Operating according to t : (In / I2) K where In = rated primary current of Auxiliary CT
K = 1-63secs.
Operating value start : 4-16%
Alarm element : 3-9%
Time delay of alarm : 6secs.

Cooling down time : (K x 170)/2 where a is a constant which is internally


reconnectible in complete steps between 0 and 6
Auxiliary Voltage : 220 V DC
CT details : 10000/5A

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR NEGATIVE SEQUENCE PROTECTION (RARIB)
Calculations:
Secondary current corresponding to full load = 4.53A
Setting IM = (4.53/5) x In= 0.906 In where In is set to 5A.
Recommended settings:
IM = 0.906 x 5A
K = 8 on relay (System Details)
Alarm relay = 4% of IM
Trip relay = 8% of IM
Time lag relay for delayed alarm : 6secs.
Cooling down time constant : 2.6 x K
In the absence of valid data of the machine, this has been set at the lowest value.
This is not field adjustable.

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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR DIFFERENTIAL RELAY

Relay Particulars :
Type : RADHA
Rating : 5A
Operating Voltage : 40/50V
Operating Current : 20mA
Auxiliary Voltage : 220V DC
System Details :
CT Details : 10000/5A, RCT 1.5
Vk600V
CT lead resistance RL : Pilot wire loop resistance from CT to interconnection point
of CT leads at Bus duct=0.2 (One way length is 15m,

2.5mm cs)

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR DIFFERENTIAL RELAY
Calculations:
1) Maximum through fault current = 1/Xd = 1/0.214=4.67 pu
Base Current = 9.065KA If = 4.67 x 9.065KA = 42.33KA
CT sec. Current Ik = 21.2A
Maximum rms voltage that will develop across the relay for this through fault
current = Ik (RCT +RL)
= 36.04V
Normally a setting of 110% of this voltage will provide full stability against external
fault.
1.1 x 36.04 = 39.65V
A relay version of 40-50V to be selected & to be set at 40 V
2) Minimum knee point voltage requirement : Vk = 2 x 40 = 80V
3) Minimum Primary operating current : Ip = n1 (IR + Im + Ires)
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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR DIFFERENTIAL RELAY

Where IR = Relay operating current = 0.02A


Im = Magnetising current of CT at set value
= 0.005 A (assumed)
Ires = 5mA for MXA 983-B at 70V
Ip = 10000/5 (0.02 + 0.05 + 0.005) = 150A
Recommended settings:
40 V

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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
LOSS OF EXCITATION RELAY (RAGPC)
Relay particulars:
Type : RAGPC
Rating : 5A
Scale Ranges : RXPE40 Directional Relay : 1-4A
: RXIG Overcurrentl Relay : 2.5-7.5A
: RXEG2 Under Voltage Relay : 40-120V

System Particulars:
The generator is capable of delivering 247 MVA continuously at 15.75kV terminal
voltage, 9065 A stator current and 3 kg/cm hydrogen pressure with cold gas
temperature not exceeding 40C and distillate termperature at inlet of stator wdg not
exceeding 40C. The generator capability curve is as per enclosed diagram.

CT Details : 10000/5A, RCT 1.5 , Vk600V, Class : PS


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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
LOSS OF EXCITATION RELAY (RAGPC)

PT Details : 15.75kV /110V, 200VA, 3P / 0.5M


Calculations:
The characteristic of RXPE40 unit super- imposed on generator capability curve is
shown in the diagram. The setting of RXPE should correspond to about 70 MVA
as can be seen from the diagram.
This corresponds to a secondary current of 1.28A.
The undervoltage and overcurrent relays are usually set at about 85% of Un and 115%
if In respectively.
Recommended settings:
1) For under voltage relay RXEG2
Setting Range : 85-90% of Un (=110 V)
Recommended Setting : 95V (86% of Un)

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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
LOSS OF EXCITATION RELAY (RAGPC)

2) For Overcurrent relay RXIG2


Setting Range : 110-115% of In (=5A)
Recommended Setting : 5.75A (115% of In)

3) For Directional relay RXPE40


Recommended Setting : 1.28A

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR CAPABILITY CURVE & LOSS OF EXCITATION RELAY CH.

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR TRANSFORMER OVER-ALL DIFFERENTIAL RELAY

Relay particulars:
Type : RADSB
Rating : 5A
Auxiliary Voltage : 220 V DC
Restraint Operating value : Settable at 20, 25, 32, 40 or 50% of In
Unrestraint Operating value : Reconnectible to 8, 13 0r 20 times In
Calculations:
For determining auxiliary Ct requirement

In1 on 15,75 kV side = (250 x 10) / (3 x 15.75)KA


= 9164.56A

In2 on 420 kV side = (250 x 10) / (3 x 420)KA


= 343.67A
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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR TRANSFORMER OVER-ALL DIFFERENTIAL RELAY

In1 = (5/10000) x 9164 = 4.58A


In2 = (1/500) x343.7 = 0.687
Ratio of auxiliary CT = 0.687 / (4.58/ 3 )
= 0.687 / 2.64
Vk 30 x In (RICTS) = 30 x (5/ 3) x RICTS
= 30 x RICTS
Setting Calculations:
a) Operating current setting :
Maximum tap changing position : 5%
According to the designers recommendation a minimum current sensitivity of
about 15% greater than the worst turns ratio mismatch at the tap changer should
normally be selected.
ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR TRANSFORMER OVER-ALL DIFFERENTIAL RELAY
Therefore, for 5% variation of taps operating current setting of 20% gives enough
margin for CT unbalance and other errors.
b) Unrestricted operating current setting:
This feature is to provide instantaneous tripping in the event of severe internal
faults.
Recommended unrestrained relay setting to take care of inrush currents on
switching, from experience based on full load current equal to normal relay rating.

Transformer Transformer When energised from


Connection Size HV side LV side
-(LV) Any 13 % 13%

In pratice such a situation arises in case of this transformer when an external


close-in fault is cleared.
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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R

GENERATOR TRANSFORMER OVER-ALL DIFFERENTIAL RELAY

Recommended settings:
Maximum pick-up current setting = 20% of In
Unrestrained operating current setting = 13 times In

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR TRANSFORMER HV WINDING RESTRICTED EARTH
FAULT RELAY
Relay particulars:
Type : RADHD
Rating : 1A
Operating Voltage : 10/15V
Operating Voltage : 20mA
Auxiliary Voltage : 220V DC

Calculations:
Maximum through fault current = (250 x 1) / (3 x 420 x 0.145)
= 2370A
If = 2370 / 500 = 4.74A
Minimum relay = If (RCT + 2RL) = 4.74 (3 + 0.2)
Operating Voltage = 15.17V
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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR TRANSFORMER HV WINDING RESTRICTED EARTH
FAULT RELAY

Thus, setting can be = 15V


Minimum Knee point voltage of CT = 2 x 15V = 30V
Recommended settings:
Voltage setting = 15V

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR TRANSFORMER OVER-FLUXING RELAY

Relay particulars:
Type : RATUB
Rating : 110V, 50Hz AC
Setting Range : Start, Alarm 1.5 to 3V / Hz
Calculations:
Following are some comments regarding setting of RATUB
1 ) Transformer can withstand 10% of rise in V /Hz continuously
Therefore setting U/ f start can be selected as
1.09 x (Un/fn) = 1.09 x (110/50) = 2.4V/Hz
2) Plot of transformer U/f withstand characteristics on RATUB characteristics gives
K = 2 as the one giving

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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR TRANSFORMER OVER-FLUXING RELAY

Operating times lower than transformer withstand time for rise in U/f up to
1.35 x (Un/fn). Characteristics of transformer super-imposed on relay characteristics
is shown in diagram.
3) Beyond 1.35 x (Un/fn) rise in U/f operating time of RATUB varies from 6 to 2.2 secs at
K=2, whereas transformer requires instantaneous tripping. Usually instantaneous
element of O/V relay set suitably takes care of these conditions.
4) Alarm unit can be set at same value as trip, 2.4V/Hz and time setting can be at
3.5 secs.
However if instantaneous tripping is desired from RATUB itself alarm unit can be
used for this purpose in which case setting of this unit will be 1.35 x (Un/fn)=1.35 x
(110/50) = 3V/Hz with delay set at 0.1 secs.

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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
GENERATOR TRANSFORMER OVER-FLUXING RELAY

Recommended settings:
(U / f) start = 2.4V / Hz
K = 2
(U / f) alarm = 2.4V / Hz with time delay 3.5 secs.

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
THE OPERATING TIME t AS A FUNCTION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE ACTUAL
EXCITATION ANS THE SET STARTING VALUE, FOR DIFFERENT TIME CONSTANTS K.

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
INTERTURN FAULT PROTECTION

Relay particulars:
Type : RXIG28
Range : 5-15V
Aux PT details:
PT-1 : 145.5V/200V, 3P, 15VA
PT-2 : 3.25V/65V, 3P, 15VA
Calculations:
Voltage per turn per slot = 131.25V
In case of split windings

V for a single turn fault = 131.25/2=65.645V

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Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
INTERTURN FAULT PROTECTION

VBA = 65.625 * (110/3) * [3/(15.74*10)]


VCD = 0.46 * 65/3.25 = 9.2V

The relay can be set at 50% of the voltage developed across the relay for a single turn
Fault.
Recommended Setting:
RXIG28 setting = 5V

ABB India
Utilities - Automation
GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
LIST OF REQUESTED PROTECTIVE FUNCTIONS * DIVIDED
UP INTO TWO SYSTEMS
TYPE OF FAULT ANSI PROTECTION FUNCTIONS SYSTEM
Generator stator A B
Short circuits 87G Generator Differential X
87T Over all Differential X
21 Minimum Impedance X
(or alternatively)
51/27 Overcurrent/Undervoltage X
(for thyristor excitation)
(or option)
51 Overcurrent X

Assymetry 46 Negative sequence X


Stator overload 49 Thermal X
Earth fault stator 59 90% Stator Earth Fault
Neutral Disp. X
64 100% stator earth fault X

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R

TYPE OF FAULT ANSI PROTECTION FUNCTIONS SYSTEM


Generator stator A B
Loss of excitation 40 Mini reactance X
Out of step 78/21 Pole slip X
Monitoring 32 Reverse power (double protection for large X X
Generators)
Over speed 81 Max. frequency X
Blade fatigue 81 Min. frequency X
Interturn fault 59 Overvoltage or overcurrent X
Lower voltages 27 Undervoltage X
Mag. Circuit 24 Overfluxing Volt/Hz X
Higher voltage 59 Overvoltage X

Generator Rotor
Rotor Overload 49 Thermal X
Rotor ground 64R Bridge measuring hardware combined with X
Voltage function

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R

TYPE OF FAULT ANSI PROTECTION FUNCTIONS SYSTEM

Step-up Transformer A B
Short circuit 87T Transformer Differential X
50/51 Overcurrent X
Ground Fault 51N Earth Fault Overcurrent X
87N Restricted Earth Fault X

Unit Transformer
Short circuit 87T Transformer Differential X
50/51 Overcurrent X
49 Overload X
Ground Fault (51N) Residual Overcurrent (possible option in X
acc. With requirements)
(87N) Restricted Earth Fault (possible option in X
acc. With requirements)
Example : Definite list must be prepared in accordance with electrical scheme and
installation requirements.

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
DATA REQUIRED FOR RELAY SETTING CALCULATIONS FOR
GENERATOR PROTECTIONS
1) Generator differential protection 87G-RADHA:
a) Sub-transient reactance Xd
b) CT secondary resistance RCT
c) Lead resistance from CT to junction point RL
2) Differential protection 87L-RADHA:
a) Sub-transient reactance Xd
b) Transformer reactance XT
c) CT secondary resistance RCT
d) Lead resistance from CT to junction point RL
3) 100% Earth fault relay 64G1-RAGEA:
a) 3rd Harmonic voltage across secondary of grounding transformer.
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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
DATA REQUIRED FOR RELAY SETTING CALCULATIONS FOR
GENERATOR PROTECTIONS
4) Generator Overvoltage relay - 59G-RXEG:
a) Overvoltage withstand values of the generator.
5) Generator Inter-turn fault relay 50GI-RXIG:
a) Unbalance in current for 1 turn short circuit.
6) Loss of Excitation relay 40G-RAGPC:
a) The generator capability curve.
b) Impedance locus during loss of excitation
c) Variation in machine voltage & current on loss of excitation
7) Negative sequence protection 46G-RARIB:
a) K- A constant in seconds that is the characteristic for the generator
This constant represents the time during which a negative
sequence current that is equivalent to the rated current of the
generator, can be permitted.
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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
DATA REQUIRED FOR RELAY SETTING CALCULATIONS FOR
GENERATOR PROTECTIONS

b) Continuous negative sequence withstand value.


8) Under-frequency protection- 81G-RXFE:
a) Generator manufacturers recommendations regarding under frequency
trip.
9) Over current relay 51-RXIG:
a) Continuous withstand current of the unit.
10) Generator Backup Impedance relay 21G-RAKZB:
a) Philosophy adopted for setting:
- to cover only transformer
- to cover next outgoing line but not beyond, under all
generation conditions
- to set for 70% of maximum load impedance.
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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
DATA REQUIRED FOR RELAY SETTING CALCULATIONS FOR
GENERATOR PROTECTIONS
11) Pole slipping relay:
a) Impedance locus during pole slip.
12) Over-all differential relay 87GT-RADSB:
a) RCT, Vk of main CT.
b) RL, Lead Resistance.
13) Restricted Earth fault relay 64GT-RADHD:
a) RCT of the main CT.
b) RL, Lead Resistance.
14) Over fluxing relay 99GT - RATUB:
a) Over fluxing characteristics of the transformer.
15) Transformer Ground fault relay 51NGT-CDG:
a) Plug setting.
b) Time setting.
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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R
DATA REQUIRED FOR RELAY SETTING CALCULATIONS FOR
GENERATOR PROTECTIONS

16) Station Transf. Differential relay 87UTA & 87UTB-RADSB:


a) RCT, Vk of main CT.
b) RL, Lead Resistance.
17) Station Transf. Overcurrent relay 51UTA CDG33:
a) Plug setting.
b) Time setting.

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GENERATOR PROTECTION Combiflex R

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