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1.

A refrigeration system using


refrigerant 22 is to have a refrigerating
capacity of 60 Kw. The evaporating
temperature is -10 degree C and the
condensing temperature is 42 degree
C. determine:
A. The refrigerating effect, KJ per kg
(149.20KJ/kg )
B. The mass flow rate , kg/sec (0.4021)
B. The volume flow rate of the refrigerant at
inlet to the compressor; L/sec (26.276L/s)
C. The work of the compressor, KJ/kg
(38.32KJ/kg)
D. The power required by the compressor, KW
(15.41Kw)
E. The heat rejected, KW (75.41KW)
F. COP (3.89)
h1 at hg @ -10C = 401.55KJ.kg
v1 at vg @ -10C = 65.34L/kg
h3 = h4 at hf @ 42C = 252.352KJ/kg
h2 = h at 42C and s2 (s1 = s2) = 439.87KJ/kg
2. A refrigeration system is to be used to cool
45000kg of water from 29C to 18C in 5 hours.
The refrigerant is R-22 and the operation
condition are 354.30Kpa evaporating pressure
and condensing pressure is 1609.6Kpa.
Determine:
A. The refrigerating capacity , Ans = 115.1425Kw
B. The mass flow rate of refrigerant, Ans =
0.7717kg/sec
C. The quantity of cooling water in the
condenser for an increase in temperature of
7C, (Ans = 4.9375kg/sec
D. The compressor power Ans = 29.57Kw
E. The volume flow rate entering the compressor
Ans = 50.42L/sec
Effects of increasing the vaporizing
temperature:
1.The refrigerating effect per unit mass
increases.
2. The mass flow rate per ton decreases.
3. The volume flow rate per ton decreases.
4. The COP increases.
5. The work per ton decreases.
6. The heat rejected at the condenser per ton
decreases.
The refrigerating plant circulates 23 lb freon-12
per minute, the pressure in the evaporator coil is
50psia, the temperature of the freon 12 entering
the compressor is 50 degree Fahrenheit, the
pressure in the condenser is 120 psia. Calculate:
A. Evaporation temperature, Ans = 38.3F
B. The refrigerating effect, Ans = 54.71Btu/lb
C. The capacity of plant, Ans = 6.29Tons
D. The power required to compressed, Ans =
3.83HP
E. Coeefficient of performance, Ans = 7.74
H1 = @ 50 psia and 50F = 84.24Btu/lb
S1 = 0.17187
H2 = @ S1 and 120psia = 91.3067Btu/lb
H3 = h4 = hf at 120 psia = 29.53Btu/lb
Effects of increasing the condenser
temperature:
1. The refrigerating effect per unit mass
decreases.
2. The mass flow rate per ton increases.
3. The volume flow rate per ton increases.
4. The COP decreases.
5. The work per ton increases.
6. The heat rejected at the condenser per ton
increases.
Effects of subcooling the liquid:
1. The refrigerating effect per unit mass
increases.
2. The mass flow rate per ton decreases.
3. The volume flow rate per ton decreases.
4. The COP increases.
5. The work per ton decreases.
6. The heat rejected at the condenser per ton
decreases.
An ideal freon-12 refrigerating system has a
capacity of 50 tons. The condenser pressure is
180 psia and the freon-12 temperature leaving
the condenser is 120F. The pressure leaving the
expansion valve is 44psia. Circulating water
enters the condenser at the temperature of 100F
and leaves it at 115F. Determine:
A. The mass, Ans = 13169.45 lb/hr
B. Compressor power, Ans= 145223.44Btu/hr
C. Heat capacity of the system = 745223.44Btu/hr
D. The mass of water circulated through the
condenser , Ans = 49681.56 lb/hr
E. The COP, Ans = 4.13
H1 = hg @ 44 psia = 81.72Btu/lb
S1 = 0.16882Btu/lbR
H2 = @ s1 and 180 psia = 92.7473Btu/lb
H3 = h4 = @ hf @ 120F = 36.16Btu/lb
A modified rankine refrigerating cycle operates
with an evaporator pressure of 21.4 psia and a
condenser pressure of 141psia. Refrigerant is
freon-12 circulating through the system at
30lb/min. liquid refrigerant at 141 psia and
100F enters the expansion valve, and
superheated vapor at 21.4psia and 5F enter
the compressor. Calculate:
a. The refrigerating effect, Ans = 47.86Btu/lb
b. The plant capacity in tons, Ans = 7.18tons
c. The compressor power, Ans = 11.83Hp
d. The coefficient of performance, Ans = 2.86
H1 = @ 21.4 psia and 5F = 79.0155
S1 = 0.174365Btu/lbR
H2 = @ s1 and 140psia = 95.7366Btu/lb
H3 = h4 =hf @ 100F = 31.16Btu/lb
Assignment
Provide a table of Refrigerant 22 from the book of
refrigeration and air conditioning by Wilbert F. Stoecker and
Jerold W. Jones (Xerox only)
A refrigerant 22 refrigeration system carries a load of 82KW at
an evaporator pressure of 354kPa and a condenser
pressure of 1460kPa. The liquid refrigerant is subcooled by
4 degrees before entering the expansion valve and the
vapor is superheated by 5 degrees before entering the
compressor. The compressor operates at 28r/s. The stroke-
bore ratio of the twin-cylinder compressor is 1.20 and the
actual volumetric efficiency is 82 percent. Determine the a)
mass flow rate of refrigerant, b) the mass flow rate of
cooling water in the condenser for a 7 degree change in
temperature, c) the bore and stroke.