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Design & Analysis of Transportation Frame for

Top Lid of Cryostat

Industry- L&T Heavy Engineering, Hazira

Industrial Guide Internal Guide Presented By

Anish Desai Prof. Nilesh Ghetiya Pranjal Gupta
AGM Associate Professor 16MMCC18
Contents of Presentation
Introduction- ITER and Cryostat
Literature Review
International Thermonuclear
Experimental Reactor
ITER is one of the most ambitious energy projects in the world today.
An ambitious endeavor being undertaken by seven members of the world
to study and establish the era of "Nuclear fusion"
ITER will be the first fusion device to maintain fusion for long periods of
time. And ITER will be the first fusion device to test the integrated
technologies, materials, and physics regimes necessary for the commercial
production of fusion based electricity

Project Description :- ITER-Cryostat

Project site :- Cadarache, France
Material SS 304/304L
Height :- 29.4 m
Width :- 29.4 m
Shell thickness :- 50 mm

Fig No. 1
ITER Tokamak 3D Section View [1]
Segmentation of cryostat

Top Lid




Fig No. 2
ITER Cryostat 3D view [2] Fig No. 3
ITER Cryostat with its main components [2]
Detail sections of cryostat
Fabrication Fabrication & Installation
in India in France

Top Lid Sector

Top Lid
Upper Cylinder Tier 2

Upper Cylinder Tier 1

Upper Cylinder

Lower Cylinder Tier 2

Lower Cylinder Tier 1

Lower Cylinder
Base Section Tier - 2

Base Section Tier - 1 Base Section

Fig No. 4
Details Section of Cryostat [2]
Top Lid

Fig No. 5
Formation of Top Lid [2]
Transportation of Top Lid

Each sections of cryostat will be manufactured &

dispatched in form of sectors
Top Lid is manufactured in 12 segments of 30.
The sectors will be fabricated to make a single section at
temporary workshop near the site at France by using
transportation frame.
The section will be transported to the tokamak pit by
transportation frame.
SPMT (self Propelled Modular Transporter) vehicles will
shift the final assembly of upper cylinder from workshop to
tokomak pit in France.
Cryostat will be fabricated from these section at tokamak
Literature Review
Authors Contribution
ITER Cryostat- An overview & Bharat Doshia et al. This paper discusses the updated
design progress [1] Cryostat design and analysis
with integration of the different
penetrations required for the
communication within the In-
system and its maintenance.

Overview & status of ITER Anil K. Bhardwaj et al. The cryostat main
Cryostat manufacturing [2]. sections/components are
manufactured and assembled in
three stages: (i) factory
fabrication of segments/sectors
of the main sections, (ii) sub-
assembly of sections at the ITER
site temporary workshop and (iii)
assembly in the tokamak pit.
Title Author contribution

The structure analysis of Liang Chaoa et al. This paper researches the dynamic structure
ITER cryostat based on the [3] strength of the ITER cryostat during the
finite element method operation of TOKAMAK. Firstly the paper
introduces the types of loads and the
importance of every type load to the research.
Then it gives out the method of building model
and principle of simplified model, boundary
conditions and the way of applying loads on the
cryostat. Finally the author discussed the
analysis result and the strength questions of
cryostat, also, the author pointed out the
opinions according to the analysis results.

A conceptual design of H.K. Park et al. The conceptual design of the ITER tokamak assembly
tools (focused sector sub-assembly tools and in-pit
assembly strategy & [4] assembly tools) has been developed for the upending
dedicated tools for tool, the sector sub-assembly tool, the sector lifting
assembly of 40 sector tool, the VV support and bracing tool and in-pit
assembly tools based on the design concept
suggested by the ITER organization. Design works of
assembly tools have been successfully performed to
meet the current assembly requirements for 2 years.
Title Author Contribution
Structural analysis of ITER K.O. Nama et al. [5] To verify structural
sub-assembly tools stabilities of the sector
sub-assembly tools in
terms of strength and
deflection, ANSYS code was
used for linear static
analysis. The results of the
analysis show that these
tools are designed with
sufficient strength and
stiffness. The conceptual
designs of these tools are
briefly described in this
Title Author Contribution
Design Jean-Philippe Girard et Infrequent severe earthquake called SL-2 is
earthquakes for al. [6] considered. Worse consequences if no measures
ITER in Europe at taken were considered. The construction of ITER
Cadarache in Europe at Cadarache, as a nuclear facility
according to the French regulation with
demonstrated and validated seismic hazard,
warranties a low level of project risk. Position of
nuclear buildings has been optimized to reduce
seismic hazard at the basemat. Moreover, in
order to minimize constraints on the equipment,
it is proposed to use aseismic bearings for the
tokamak building
Finite Element Yuan Ren et al. [7] static analysis of the frame, the position with
Analysis and maximum operating stress was found at contact
Optimal Design points of the frame bottom surface with
for the Frame of supporting parts,
SX360 Dump
To deisgn transport frame for Top lid
Cad Modeling of Transport Frame
Analysis of Transport Frame
Concept design of Transport Frame
Cad Modelling
Meshing in Hypermesh
Analysis in Ansys
Result Interpretation
Optimizing the design
Work Plan
1-Jun 21-Jul 9-Sep 29-Oct 18-Dec 6-Feb 28-Mar 17-May

Training Period

Project title/Project Scope

Tool Learning

Literature Review

Concept Deisgning of Transportation Frame

Cad Modelling

Meshing of Cad Model in Hypermesh

Carrying Out Analysis in Ansys

Validation and Interpretation of results

Optimizing the design by Varrying the parameters

Interpretating results of different analysis


Report making
[1] B. Doshi, H. Xie, C. Zhou, R. Sidibamma, M. Meekins, C. Sborchia, K. Ioki, S.
Tyge,A. Bhardwaj, G. Gupta. Design and manufacture of the ITER
Cryostat in 25thSOFE, San Francisco 2013.
[2] Anil K. Bhardwaja, Girish Gupta, Rajnikant Prajapati, Vaibhav Joshi, Mitul
Patel,Jagrut Bhavsar, Vipul Morea, Mukesh Jindal, Avik Bhattacharya,
Gourav Jogia,Amit Palaliya, Saroj Jha, Manish Pandey, Dileep Shukla,
Ganesh Iyer,Pandurang Jadhav, Dipesh Goyal, Anish Desai, I. Sekachev,
Guillaume Vitupier, Xie Han, Tailhardat Olivier Overview and status of
ITER Cryostat manufacturing Fusion Engineering and Design(2016)
[3] Liang Chaoa, M.Y. Ye, D.M. Yao, Cao Lei, Z.B. Zhou, Xu Teijun, Wang Jian
.The structure analysis of ITER cryostat based on the finite element
method Fusion Engineering and Design(2013)
[4] H.K. Park, K.O. Nam, D.J. Kim, H.J. Ahn, J.H. Lee, K. Im, R. Shaw A
conceptual design of assembly strategy and dedicated tools for assembly
of 40 sector Fusion Engineering and Design(2010)
[5] K.O. Nam, H.K. Park, D.J. Kim, H.J. Ahn, J.H. Lee, K.K. Kim, K. Im, R. Shaw
Structural analysis of ITER sub-assembly tools Fusion Engineering and Design
[6] Jean-Philippe Girard, Gottfried Grunthal , Marc Nicolas
Design earthquakes for ITER in Europe at Cadarache Fusion Engineering and
[7] Yuan Ren, Yongchang Yu, Binbin Zhao, Chuanhui Fan, He LiFinite Element
Analysis and Optimal Design for the Frame of SX360 Dump Trucks 13th Global
Congress on Manufacturing and Management, GCMM 2016