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ѐy = 0.40

Ä.- g(x)
g(x)
g(x)
ѐy

= (x^2 - 4) ÷ (x - 2) cuando x = 1 y ѐx = 2
= (x -2)(x+2) ÷ (x-2)
= (x +2)
= f(x +ѐx) - f(x)
= f(1 +2) - f(1)
= f(Ä) - f(1)
evaluar la función g(x)
= (Ä+2) ʹ (1+2)
= 5 -Ä
ѐy = 2.

5.- P(t) = 2000 +500/(1 + t^2) ; t = 2, ѐt = 1
= p(t + ѐt) ʹ p(t)
= p( 2 + 1) -p(2)
= p(Ä) - p(2)
= 2000 + 500/(1+ Ä^2) -( 2000+500/(1+2^2)
= 2000 + 500/10 - ( 2000 + 500/5 )
= 2050 - 2100
p(t) = - 50

h.- F(x) = x + 2/x cuando x ї (x + ѐx)
ѐy = f(x +ѐx) ʹ f(x)
= (x+ѐx) + 2/(x+ѐx) ʹ (x +2/x)
= (x+ѐx) + 2/(x+ѐx) - x - 2/x mcd= x(x +ѐx)
= x(x+ѐx)^2 + 2x - x^2(x+ѐx) ʹ 2(x +ѐx)
= (x[x^2 + 2xѐx + (ѐx)^2 ] + 2x ʹ x^Ä ʹ x^2ѐx -2x -2ѐx)
= (x^Ä + 2x^2ѐx +x(ѐx)^2 +2x ʹx^Ä ʹx^2ѐx -2x -2ѐx)
= ((2x^2ѐx ʹ x^2ѐx) + x(ѐx)^2 -2ѐx) / x(x+ѐx)
= [ x^2ѐx + x(ѐx)^2 -2ѐx] / x (x+ѐx) 
$% &'

VV.- Calcule la tasa de cambio promedio
9.- Dado f(x) = Ä- hx
cuando x= 2, ѐx = 0.5
ѐy/ѐx = [f(x+ѐx) ʹ f(x)] / ѐx
= [f(2+0.5) ʹ f(2)] / 0.5
= [ f(2.5) ʹf(2) ] / 0.5
= [ Ä - h(2.5) ʹ (Ä ʹ h(2) )] / 0.5
= [ -14.5 - (-11) ]/ 0.5
= [ -14.5 + 11 ] / 0.5
= [ -Ä.5 ] / 0.5
ѐy/ѐx = -h

11.- Dado f(x) = (x^2 -9 )/(x-Ä); x= 2 ѐx = 0.5
f(x) = (x + Ä) (x - Ä) /(x - Ä)
f(x) = (x + Ä)
ѐy/ѐx = [f(x + ѐx) ʹ f(x)] / ѐx
= [f(2 + 0.5) ʹf(2)] / 0.5
= [ f(2.5) -f(2) ] /0.5
= [(2.5+Ä) ʹ (2+Ä)] / 0.5
= [ (5.5 ʹ 5) ] /0.5
= ( 0.5/0.5)
ѐy/ѐx = 1.

1Ä.- f(t) = (4 + t)^1/2 cuando t = 5, ѐt = 1.24
ѐy/ѐx = [ f(x + ѐx) - f(x) ] / ѐx
= [ f(5 + 1.24) ʹ f(5) ] /1.24
= [ f( 6.24) ʹf(5) ] /1.24
= [ (4 +6.24)^1/2 - ( 4 + 5)^1/2 ] /1.24
= [ (10.24)^1/2 - (9)^1/2 ] / 1.24
= [ (Ä.20) ʹ Ä] /1.24
= [0.20] / 1.24
ѐy/ѐx = 0.161Ä

15.- f(t) = t^Ä + t

de t = a ї (a + h)
ѐt = h
ѐy/ѐx = [f(a + h) ʹ f(a)] / h
= [ (a + h)^Ä + (a + h) - (a^Ä + a)]/ h
= [ (a + h)(a + h)^2 + (a + h) - a^Ä - a ] / h
= [ (a + h)(a^2 + 2ah + h^2) + (a + h) ʹ a^Ä ʹ a]/ h
= [ a^Ä + 2a^2h + ah^2 + ha^2 +2ah^2 + h^Ä + a
+ h ʹ a^Ä ʹ a] / h
= [Äa^2h + Äah^2 + h^Ä +h] / h
= h(Äa^2 +Äah +h^2 +1] /h
ѐy/ѐx = Äa^2 +Äah +h^2 +1

1h.- El tamaño de la población de cierto centro
maquilero en la ciudad de Choloma al tiempo t
(t medido en años) esta dado por:
p(t) = 10,000 +1000t -120 t^2
Determine la tasa de cambio promedio de la
población en cada intervalo de tiempo.
a) t = Ä ͙͙͙͙͙ t = 5 años
b) t = Ä ͙͙͙͙.. t = 4
c) t = Ä ͙͙͙͙.. t = Ä ½
d) t = Ä ͙͙͙͙.. T = Ä ¼
e) De t a (t + ѐt) años
f) Desarrollo͙.. va

a) Aquí t = Ä y ѐt = 2
ѐy/ѐx = [ f(t + ѐt) ʹ f(t)] / ѐt
= [ f(Ä + 2) ʹ f(Ä) ] /2
= [ f(5) ʹ f(Ä) ] /2
=[10000 +1000(5) -120(5)^2 ʹ [10000 +1000(Ä) -120(Ä)^2]]/2
= [(10000 +5000 ʹ Ä000) - (10000 +Ä000 ʹ 1080)] 2
= [(12000 ʹ 11920)] / 2
= 80 / 2
ѐy/ѐt = 40

b) Como t = Ä y t = 4 entonces ѐt = (4 ʹ Ä) = 1
Aquí t = Ä; ѐt = 1
= [f(t + ѐt) ʹ f(t)] ѐt
= [f(Ä + 1) ʹ f(Ä)] / 1
= [ f(4) ʹ f(Ä)] /1
=[10000 +1000(4) -120(4)^2 ʹ ( 10000 +1000(Ä) ʹ 120(Ä)^2)]/1
=[(14000 ʹ 1920) ʹ [(1Ä000 -1080)]] /1
= [(12080 ʹ 11920)]/1
ѐy/ѐt =160

c) Aquí t = Ä y ѐt = ½
ѐy/ѐx = [f(t + ѐt) ʹ f(t)] / ѐt
= [ f(Ä.5) ʹ f(Ä)] /0.5
=[(10000 +1000(Ä.5) -120(Ä.5)^2 ʹ ( 10000 + 1000(Ä) 120(Ä)^2) ] /0.5
= [ (1Ä500 ʹ 14h0) ʹ ( 1Ä000 ʹ 1080)] /0.5
= [ (120Ä0 ʹ 11920)] / 0.5
= [ 110 ] / 0.5
ѐy/ѐt = 220

d) Aquí t= Ä y ѐt = ¼
ѐy/ѐx = [ f(t + ѐt) - f(t)] / ѐt
= [f(Ä.25) - f(Ä) ] / 0.25
= [(10000 + 1000(Ä.25) -120(Ä.25)^2) ʹ (10000 + 1000(Ä) 120(Ä)^2)] / 0.25
= [(1Ä250 ʹ 126h.5) ʹ (1Ä000 ʹ 1080)] /0.25
= [ (11982.5 ʹ 11920)]/0.25
= [ (62.5)] /0.25
44 

e) En el lapso t a (t + ѐt)
ѐy/ѐx = [f(t + ѐt) ʹ f(t)] / ѐt
= [(10000 +1000(t+ѐt) -120(t+ѐt)^2 ʹ (10000 + 1000t 120t^2)]/ѐt
= [(10000 +1000t +1000ѐt -120[(t^2+2tѐt + (ѐt)^2)]
ʹ10000 - 1000t +120t^2] / ѐt
= [10000 +1000t +1000ѐt -120t^2 ʹ 240tѐt -120 (ѐt)^2 ʹ
- 10000 - 1000t +120 t^2/ ѐt
= [1000ѐt - 240tѐt - 120(ѐt)^2] / ѐt
= ѐt ( 1000 -240t -120ѐt) /ѐt
ѐy/ѐt = 1000 -240t ʹ 120ѐt

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