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Prepared by:

1) Yusuf Rajpurwala -13BCL089


2) Shubham Bhandari -13BCL108
3) Rahul Upadhyay -13BCL118
What is Creative and Critical thinking?
CRITICAL THINKING
WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING?
Critical thinking is the mental process of analysing or evaluating information. to reason is the
capacity for rational thought, or to think logically. It includes the ability to engage in reflective
and independent thinking.
WHY DO WE NEED CRITICAL
THINKING?
In order to assess our role in, and the consequences of any action we take, we must be able to
evaluate and determine what is takin place in a given situation.
This requires us to organize our thinking, integrate the information at hand, distinguish between what
is fact and what is opinion, and then weigh potential outcomes.
By thinking critically, instead of reacting emotionally to a problem, we employ strategies which:
1. help us learn from an experience
2. help prevent it from occurring again
3. result in a reasonable, effective solution.
Critical thinking is a domain-general thinking skill.
Critical thinking is very important in the new knowledge economy
Critical thinking promotes creativity
Critical thinking is crucial for self-reflection
STAGES REQUIRED FOR DEVELOPMENT
AS A CRITICAL THINKER
STAGE 1: THE UNREFLECTIVE THINKER
STAGE 2: THE CHALLENGED THINKER
STAGE 3: THE BEGINNING THINKER
STAGE 4: THE PRACTICING THINKER
STAGE 5: THE ADVANCED THINKER
STAGE 6: THE MASTER THINKER
STRATIGIES THAT WILL HELP
YOU DEVELOP AS A THINKER
SELF-AWARENESS
RATIONALITY
OPEN-MINEDEDNESS
INTERNALIZE INTELLECTUAL STANDARDS
DISCIPLINE
JUDGMENT
ANALYZE GROUP INFLUENCES ON YOUR LIFE
Someone with critical thinking skills is able to do the following :
understand the logical connections between ideas
identify, construct and evaluate arguments
detect inconsistencies and common mistakes in reasoning
solve problems systematically
identify the relevance and importance of ideas
reflect on the justification of one's own beliefs and values
How to Boost your Creative Thinking
1) Restrict yourself
2) Re-conceptualize the problem
3) Separate work from consumption
4) Create during a powerful mood
1) Restrict yourself
Internal restrictions.
Many people will often take the path of least mental resistance.
Self-imposed limitations can boost creativity because it forces even creative people to work
outside of their comfort zone
EXAMPLE: when Im suddenly restricted to writing something in 500 words when I had
planned to write it in 800 words, it can lead to some pretty creative workarounds.
2) Re-conceptualize the problem
Creative people re-conceptualize the problem more often than their less creative counterparts.
That means, instead of thinking of a cut-and-dry end goal to certain situations, they sit back and
examine the problem in different ways before beginning to work.
What can I write that will get a lot of tweets?
What sort of articles really resonate with people and capture their interest?
What would be something cool to paint?
What sort of painting evokes the feeling of loneliness that we all encounter after a break-up?
3) Separate work from consumption
It is far more effective than trying to combine work with creative thinking.
Ive found that my writing breaks down when I try to handle research + writing at the same time,
and Im much better off when I just turn off my work mode and consume more inspiration in
the form of reading, watching, and observing.
It makes sense too we are often in two very different states of mind when absorbing an
activity and when we are trying to create something.
4) Create during a powerful mood
The research has pointed to happiness as being the ideal state to create in.
Recently though, a relatively new study (2007) on creativity in the workplace made this bold
conclusion:
Creativity increased when both positive and negative emotions were running high
The implication seems to be that while certain negative moods can be creativity killers, they
arent as universal as positive moods (joy, being excited, love, etc) in that sometimes they may
spur creative thinking rather than hinder it.
Try to sit down and focus that energy on creating something, the end result could be worthwhile.
Ways which Kill Creative Thinking
1) Role mismatch
2) Too much end-goal restriction
3) Strict ration of resources
4) Lack of group diversity
5) Discouragement
1) Role mismatch
The fact of the matter is that when people are assigned to tasks/jobs/roles/creative projects that
they have no interest in or passion for, their creativity takes a hit.
Role mismatch means undertaking a creative project that that stretches ones abilities, but also
feels like it is within ones capacity to do.
When roles are mismatched, however, it is a recipe for stifled creativity and unsatisfactory
results.
2) Too much end-goal restriction
When work is too restricted by the end goal, creativity suffers.
The researchers noted that in organizations or groups, other restrictions that killed creativity
included the shifting of goals too often, and implicitly communicating that new methods are not
welcome.
3) Strict ration of resources
A huge majority of truly creative work requires plenty of time and enough resources to be seen to
completion.
This can be especially frustrating because the ideas may already be there, but when executing a
project to completion, it may never see the light of day (or be fully polished) unless it has enough
time and external resources (money included).
4) Lack of group diversity
Homogeneous groups are actually more likely to get along, but they suffer from another big
problem
You guessed it they produce less creative results.
As a solo creative person, this is still important to you: the company you keep (and you who
consult with about your work) could be playing a role in your creativity.
If youre surrounded by like-minded people all of the time, you may find yourself in an echo-
chamber where creativity cannot thrive.
5) Discouragement
One more insidious facts about this aspect of human nature is that too much discouragement is
actually a creativity killer.
Constant criticism, endless evaluation and negative comments really do begin to have their effect
on creative people. Once people get the sense that all of their ideas are going to be stringently
picked apart and bashed if they fail to deliver, they will choose to stop producing them.
Creativity in Groups: Why Brainstorming Doesnt Work
People in brainstorming groups have been found by researchers to produce fewer and lower quality
ideas than when working alone.
When people are in groups, they are less likely to fully commit themselves because others will pick
up the slack.
When other people are talking, the rest of the brainstorming group has to wait.
This causes some people to lose focus of their ideas, dissuade themselves from mentioning them, or
just plain out forget some of the insights they just fleshed out
When you are by yourself, you have more time to build an idea before
presenting it to anyone.
Why even bother with brainstorming?
Collaboration is indeed an important part in coming up with brilliant ideas
second has to do with the way that groups work. When everyone feels like theyve contributed,
group projects tend to be more successful.
Modern way of brainstorming
The difference is that instead of using things like post-it notes things like internet chat rooms or
instant messaging are utilized.
It seems to work well because it allows members to see ideas flowing all at once, but it solves
some of the problems with face-to-face brainstorming. When its done online, each person
doesnt have to wait for the others to stop talking and they are less worried about being
evaluated.
Any group chat software should do the trick.
Brain Storming
1. Classical Brainstorming
2. Imaginary Brainstorming
3. Reverse Brainstorming
Classical Brainstorming
It came from the word Brainstorms which means Brilliant ideas
earlier called as brain waves

Steps:
1.Arrange meeting of a group
2.Write initial topic on flipboard, clearly stated problem, lagre
number of ideas is the aim.
3.Try picking up good ideas and avoid discussion of idea as these
stops the flow of idea.
4.Ideas that are identical can be combined and conclusion/solution
to problem can be obtained
Imaginary Brainstorming

Imaginary Brainstorming differ from Classical Brainstorming in


following aspects:
A subject -who is acting
A verb-the action
An object-who/what is being acted upon

Steps:
1.Define essential elements of problem.
2.Identify which elements from above has direct relation to
successful solution.
3.Propose imaginary replacements for the other elements.
4.Apply ideas from imaginary brainstorming back to real problem
statement.
Reverse Brainstorming
Reverse the problem

Steps:
1.Identify ways of causing the problem
2.Identify different ways of causing the problem. You can use
creative approaches or analytic method.
3.Find ways of preventing the problem caused.
4.Now identify ways to prevent the problem causes identified in the
previous steps from being caused.

Example:
I am seeking to keep a folding chair open, I reward it as how to
make a folding chair fold up I use a spring, an elastic band, a lever,
I remove the lever so the spring or elatic band keeps the chair open
True or False

CRITICAL CREATIVE
THINKING THINKING
is for science & is for the arts &
math humanities

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FALSE

CRITICAL & CREATIVE thinking


can and should be applied to
ANY subject, content or problem.

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True or False

CREATIVITY
is a right brain
activity

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FALSE

CREATIVE THINKING requires


divergent thinking and then
convergent thinking.

CREATIVITY requires constant


shifting between right and left brain
activity.
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True or False

CREATIVIT
Y can be
taught.

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TRUE:CREATIVITY can be taught.

Practicing promotes more creative thinking.


Treffingers Creative Problem-Solving Method is
composed of fact-finding, problem-finding, idea-
finding, solution-finding, and plan of action and
has the highest success in increasing childrens
creativity.

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CRITICAL vs CREATIVE Thinking

Critical and creative thinking are interrelated processes


essential to problem solving.
Creative thinking involves constructing something
original.
Critical thinking involves logic and reasoning skills.
As we solve problems, we navigate between both thinking
patterns across all disciplines and grade levels.

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Critical thinking Creative thinking
Analytic Generative
Convergent Divergent
Vertical Lateral
Probability Possibility
Judgement Suspended judgement
Hypothesis testing Hypothesis forming
Objective Subjective
Answer An answer
Closed Open-ended
Linear Associative
Reasoning Speculating
Logic Intuition
Yes but Yes and