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ENERGY

Objectives
Explain Energy transformation in various
activities/events,
Perform activities to demonstrate
conservation of mechanical energy and
Infer that the total mechanical energy
remains the same during any process.
Work can be defined as transfer
of energy. In physics we say that work is
done on an object when you
transfer energy to that object. If one
object transfers (gives)energy to a second
object, then the first object does work on
the second object. Work is the
application of a force over a distance.
POTENTIAL ENERGY
Potentialenergy is defined as energy due
to position. This is called gravitational
attraction.

PE = mgh
Work done on Increase Increase in work
an object to potential energy the object can
change position do

Work on object Potential energy Work by the


of the object object

(14.7 joule) (14.7 joule) (14.7 joule)


Example problem
What is the potential energy of a 2.14kg
book that is on a bookshelf 1.0m above
the floor?

PE = mgh
Sol.

= (2.14kg) (9.8m/s) (1.0m)


.
= (2.14) (9.8) (1.0) xm
s
=21 N.m
=21J
KINETIC ENERGY
The energy in motion is known as kinetic
energy. Kinetic energy can be measured
in terms of (1) the work done to put the
object in motion or (2) the work the
moving object will do in coming to rest.

Work done to Increase in Increase in work


put an object kinetic energy the object can
in motion do
Example problem
A 7.00 kg bowling ball is moving in a
bowling lane with a velocity of 5.00m/s.
what is the kinetic energy of the ball?

KE = mv
Sol.
1
= (7.00kg)(5.00 )
2 s
1
7.00 5.00 kg
= 2 s
1
175 kg
=2 s
.
= 87.5
s
= 87.5 N.m
= 87.5J
ENERGY FORMS
Nuclear energy = The energy from the sun is a
type of nuclear energy or energy created from
nuclear reactions.(fission or fusion)

Radiant energy = Radiant energy is


the energy of electromagnetic waves. The term is
most commonly used in the fields of radiometry,
solar energy, heating and lighting.
Chemical energy = Chemical
energy, Energy stored in the bonds
of chemical compounds.

Mechanical energy = mechanical


energy is defined as the energy of an object or
system due to its motion or position. It is the sum of
the kinetic and potential energy of an object.
ENERGY CONSERVATION

Energy can be transferred from one


another, and it can be converted from
one form to another form. If you make a
detailed accounting of all forms of energy
before and after a transfer or conversion,
the total energy will be constant.
Energy sources today
The major four sources of energy
consumed today are Petroleum
(including natural gas), coal,
hydropower and nuclear.
ENERGY SOURCES
TOMORROW
Solar cells

Power tower
Passive Application

Active Application
Wind Energy

Biomass
Agriculture and
Industrial Heating

Ocean Thermal
Energy Conversion
Daghang salamat!
Magandang Buhay!!!