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About Voltage,Current and resistance

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VOLTAGE

CURRENT

RESISTANCE

VOLTAGE

unit charge.

W is energy in joules (J),

Q is charge in coulombs (C)

we use V.

VOLTAGE

to move through a circuit. This movement of

electrons is the current, which results in work being

done in an electrical circuit.

VOLT

One volt is the potential difference (voltage) between two

points when one joule of energy is used to move one

coulomb of charge from one point to the other.

VOLTAGE SOURCE

A voltage source provides electrical energy or

electromotive force (emf), more commonly

known as voltage. Voltage is produced by means

of chemical energy, light energy, and magnetic

energy combined with mechanical motion.

CURRENT

a conductive material is determined by the number of

electrons (amount of charge) that flow past a point in a

unit of time.

Q is charge in coulombs (C),

t is time in seconds (s).

CURRENT

semiconductive material, one end becomes

positive and the other negative,

AMPERE

One ampere (1 A) is the amount of current that exists

when a number of electrons having a total charge of one

coulomb (1 C) move through a given cross-sectional

area in one second (1 s).

CURRENT SOURCE

The Ideal Current Source

As you know, an ideal voltage source can provide a

constant voltage for any load. An ideal current source

can provide a constant current in any load. Just as in

the case of a voltage source, the ideal current source

does not exist but can be approximated in practice.

RESISTANCE

Resistance is the opposition to current.

The property of a material to restrict or oppose the flow

of electrons is called resistance, R.

letter omega ().

OHM

One ohm (1 ) of resistance exists if there is one ampere (1

A) of current in a material when one volt (1 V) is applied

across the material.

RESISTOR

of resistance is called a resistor. The principal applications of

resistors are to limit current in a circuit, to divide voltage, and, in

certain cases, to generate heat. Although resistors come in many

shapes and sizes, they can all be placed in one of two main

categories: fixed or variable.

Fixed Resistors

Fixed resistors are available with a large selection of resistance values

that are set during manufacturing and cannot be changed easily.

EXAMPLE

EXAMPLE

EXAMPLE

EXAMPLE

EXAMPLE

EXAMPLE

EXAMPLE

EXAMPLE

SEATWORK

1

2

3

4

6

ANSWERS

1. a. 10 ohms 5%

b. 5.1 M 10%

c. 68 ohms 5%

2.

3. b, d, l, f, a

4.

ANSWERS

5. a. 28700 ohms 1%

b. 60.4 ohms 1%

c. 9310 ohms 1%

6.

Thank

you very

much

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