You are on page 1of 28

Flexi EDGE BTS Configurations

Minimum and maximum configurations


Capacity expansion steps
BTS cabling
Combining options

Company Confidential
1 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Objectives

After the module the participant will be able to:


Describe minimum and maximum configurations
Give a typical growth path, and show how the hardware should be laid out to
achieve this
Give examples of the Smart Radio Concept (SRC) features
Note: Some of these will be developed after the initial S/W release

Company Confidential
2 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Nokia Flexi EDGE BTS: from small to large
configurations
Flexible capacity increase from small to very large
configurations
1 to 24 TRX in 1-6 sectors under 1 BCF
up to 216 TRX per site
High site capacities possible even without a cabinet
All dual band configurations supported
ANSI and ETSI frequencies
GSM 800/1800, GSM 800/1900, GSM 900/1800

Min configuration Max configuration / BCF


1-2 TRX , 2 modules 8+8+8 TRX, 14 modules
Company Confidential
3 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Examples of Nokia Flexi EDGE BTS configurations
DTRX

GSM/EDGE Modules Sect module

Sector module (DTRX + duplex filter) DTRX


DTRX DTRX
DTRX (Dual TRX)
Sect module Sys module
Sys module

Sect module
Sys module DTRX

DTRX
Sys ext module
DTRX Sect module
DTRX
Sect module DTRX
Sect module DTRX
MIBBU
Sys module LTE Sys ext module
Sect module HEX LTE
Sect module
Sys module

DTRX LTE
DTRX
LTE
Sys module
Sect module Sect module
Sect module
DTRX FAN batt batt batt batt DTRX

Sect module Sect module DTRX

2 TRX, wall Stack 2+2+2 Stack 4+4+4 4+4+4 Outdoor 8+8+8 Indoor 48V DC
with Batteries
Weight: ~100 kg Weight: ~150 kg Weight: ~250 kg

Low weight load of Nokia Flexi EDGE BTS simplifies site construction work
Company Confidential
4 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Example of Nokia Flexi BTS growth path

GSM/EDG GSM/EDG GSM/EDGE/


GSM/EDGE Modules E E WCDMA/HSPA
Sector module
DTRX DTRX
(DTRX + duplex filter)
Sect module Sect module Sect module
DTRX (Dual TRX)
Sys module Sys module Sys module
Sys module

Sys ext module


DTRX DTRX GSM/EDGE
Sect module Sect module Sect module

DTRX DTRX
WCDMA/HSPA Modules Sect module Sect module Sect module
Sys module
Sys module
RF module
RF module
WCDMA/
RF module
HSPA
RF module

2+2+2 4+4+4 GSM 4+4+4 &


WCDMA 4+4+4

Company Confidential
5 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Nokia Flexi EDGE installation and cabling steps
2+2+2 stack installation
Install the plinth
Ground the plinth (so wrist-strap is grounded)
Unit installation 2+2+2 538(H) * 447(W) * 560(D)mm
1. Assemble the stack of casings on plinth
2. Install the modules into the casings
3. Install the cable entries
Unit cabling
1. Ground the units to the plinth
2. Connect the antenna cables
3. Connect the transmission cable
4. Install the power cables
5. Install the bus cables
6. Install the RF cables
7. Connect the 48V DC input cables
Cover installation
1. Install the rear covers
2. Install the front covers

Company Confidential
6 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Nokia Flexi EDGE installation and cabling steps
Expansion to 4+4+4 stack installation

Removing cables 4+4+4 18 HU * 447(W) * 560(D)mm


Unit installation
1. Place modules into the casings
2. Install the modules
3. Install the cable entries
Unit cabling
1. Ground the units
2. Install the bus cables
3. Install the RF cables
4. Install the power cables
Cover installation
1. Install the rear covers
2. Install the front covers
NB! In 4+4+4 floor installations 3 EUCA kits
(incl 977mm RF cables) are needed (1/sector)
Company Confidential
7 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Nokia Flexi EDGE installation and cabling steps
8+8+8 installation in Indoor cabinet

Cabinet installation
1. Anchor the cabinet
2. Ground the cabinet
Unit installation
1. Install the support plates
2. Install the cage nuts
3. Install the units
Unit cabling
1. Connect antenna cables
2. Connect the transmission cable
3. Install the power cables
4. Install the bus cables
5. Install the RF cables
6. Connect 48V DC input cables

Company Confidential
8 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Nokia Flexi EDGE BTS in capacity mode

Dual TRX module can be implemented in capacity mode or coverage mode

In capacity mode both TRXs of the DTRX are used for capacity
Four combining options for capacity mode:
By-pass combining
2-way wideband combining (WBC)
4-way wideband combining (WBC)
6-way Remote Tune Combining (RTC)

Company Confidential
9 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Combining By-pass with 2-way RX diversity

Example: 2 TRX/cell
Dual TRX transmitting and receiving to 2 antennas boosting the coverage area
by about 30% (+3.4 dB) compared to using 2:1 combining
Antennas
Dual
Dual TRX Duplexer
X
TX1

Duplexer
LNA+
Main
RX1 Div
Multi-
LNA
coupler
Div
RX2 Main LNA+

Duplexer
Div Multi-
LNA
coupler
TX2

Company Confidential
10 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
2-way Wideband Combining with 2-way RX diversity

Example: 4 TRX/cell
Dual TRXs Wideband Combiners

TX1 WBC Antennas


Main Dual
RX1 Div Duplexer
Div X
Main

Duplexer
RX2 Div LNA+
Multi-
LNA
TX2 coupler

LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
LNA
TX3 coupler
Main
RX3 Div
Div
RX4 Main
Div
TX4 WBC

Company Confidential
11 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
4-way Wideband Combining with 2-way RX diversity

Example: 8 TRX/cell
Dual TRXs Wideband Combiners
TX1
RX1
Main WBC
Div
Div WBC Antennas
RX2 Main WBC Dual
TX2 Div Duplexer
TX3
Main
X

Duplexer
RX3 Div
Div LNA+
RX4 Main Multi-
LNA
TX4 Div coupler

TX5

Duplexer
LNA+

Duplexer
Main LNA
RX5 Div Multi-
Div coupler
RX6 Main
TX6 Div

TX7
Main
RX7 Div WBC
Div WBC
RX8 Main
TX8 Div WBC

Company Confidential
12 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Remote Tune Combining with 2-way RX diversity

Example: 6 TRX/cell
With RTC up to 6 Tx signals can be combined into 1 antenna, minimizing the
combiner loss
1 X-pol Antenna

Remote Tune X
Combiner (RTC)
Dual TRXs
6
Cavities
TX5

Duplexer
Main
RX5
TX3 Div
Div Main
RX3TX1 Div

RX filter
RX6 LNA+
Div Main Main
TX6 RX1Div Div 6 Multi-
RX4 Div Main coupler
TX4RX2 Div
Main
TX2 Div

RX filter
LNA+
6 Multi-
coupler

Company Confidential
13 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Remote Tune Combining with 2-way RX diversity

Example: 12 TRX/cell Antennas


12 TRX/cell can be built with 2 RTC and 1 x-
polarized antenna Remote Tune
Combiners (RTC)
Dual TRXs X
TX5 Cavities
Main

Duplexer
RX5
TX3 Div
Div Main
RX3TX1 Div
RX6
Div Main Main

RX filter
TX6 RX1Div Div LNA+
RX4 Div Main Multi-
TX4RX2 Div coupler
Main
TX2 Div Cavities

Duplexer
RX filter
LNA+
Multi-
coupler

RX filter
TX11 LNA+
Main Multi-
RX11
TX9 Div coupler
Div Main
RX9TX7 Div
RX12
Div Main Main

RX filter
TX12 RX7Div Div LNA+
RX10 Div Main
Multi-
TX10RX8 DivMain coupler
TX8 Div

Company Confidential
14 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Nokia Flexi EDGE BTS in coverage mode

For boosting cell size and thereby reducing the number of sites, both downlink and
uplink enhancement methods are implemented
Double Power TRX (DPTRX):
The output power of 2 TRX is combined in a synchronized manner within Wideband
Combiner (phase feedback to TRX from WBC) , doubling the TRX output power while
using 1 TRX for capacity
In DPTRX the combined 2 TRXs must be in the same Dual TRX module
DPTRX can be used in downlink limited cases or together with uplink improvement
methods, to increase cell coverage
Five options for coverage mode:
DPTRX with 2-way UL diversity
DPTRX with 4-way UL diversity
Intelligent Downlink Diversity (IDD) with 2-way UL diversity
Nokia Smart Radio Concept (SRC)
DPTRX with Nokia SRC

Company Confidential
15 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Double Power TRX with 2-way uplink diversity

Example: 1 TRX/cell

Dual TRX Combiner Dual Antenna


Phase feedback cable Duplexer and MHAs
for coherent combining

WBC

Duplexer
TX1 X
LNA+
Main Multi-
RX1 Div coupler
Div
LNA+

Duplexer
RX2 Main
Div Multi- MHA
coupler
TX2

DPTRX is achieved by coherently combining TX signals of 2 carriers within DTRX


Is implemented with 1 Sector module/sector (1 TRX capacity)
1 TX antenna required for DL (DPTRX) & 2 RX antennas for UL (2-way div)
total of 2 antennas (TX/RX + RX)
Output power gain 2.5 dB DL coverage area is 25% larger
For enhancing UL, MHAs are recommended
Company Confidential
16 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Double Power TRX with 4-way uplink diversity 1/3

4-way UL diversity balances the higher output power of DPTRX


Is implemented with 2 Sector modules/sector
2 TX antenna required for DL (2*DPTRX) & 4 RX antennas for UL (4-way div)
total of 4 antennas (2 TX/RX + 2 RX)
Output power and sensitivity gains are 2.5 dB
coverage area is 25% larger

Company Confidential
17 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Double Power TRX with 4-way RX diversity 2/3

Example: 1 TRX/cell

DTRX Units Wideband Combiners Dual Antennas


(coherent) Duplexers
Phase feedback

TX1 X X

Duplexer
Main WBC
RX1 Div
LNA+
Multi-
Div coupler
RX2 Main
Div LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
TX2 coupler

TX3

Duplexer
Main
RX3 Div
LNA+
Multi-
Div coupler
RX4 Main
Div LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
TX4 coupler
Needed for supporting
second Duplexer (DC power)
Company Confidential
18 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Double Power TRX with 4-way RX diversity 3/3

Example: 2 TRX/cell

DTRX Units Wideband Combiners Dual Antennas


(coherent) Duplexers
Phase feedback

TX1 X X
WBC

Duplexer
Main
RX1 Div
LNA+
Multi-
Div coupler
RX2 Main
Div LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
TX2 coupler
Phase feedback

TX3 WBC

Duplexer
Main
RX3 Div
LNA+
Multi-
Div coupler
RX4 Main
Div LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
TX4 coupler

Company Confidential
19 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Intelligent Downlink Diversity with 2-way uplink
diversity
Example: 1 TRX/cell
Dual TRX Dual Antenna
Duplexer and MHAs

Duplexer
TX1 X
LNA+
Main Multi-
RX1 Div coupler
Div
LNA+

Duplexer
RX2 Main
Div Multi- MHA
coupler
TX2

Nokia Intelligent Downlink Diversity (IDD) is an effective way of boosting the


downlink: it is based on space and time diversity and signal tuning
Is implemented with 1 Sector module/sector
2 TX antenna required for DL (IDD) & 2 RX antennas for UL (2-way div + MHA)
total of 2 antennas (2TX/RX)
Output power gain on average 5 dB DL coverage area is 50% larger

Company Confidential
20 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Nokia Smart Radio Concept 1/2

Nokia Smart Radio Concept (SRC):


Intelligent Downlink Diversity (IDD) with 4-way uplink diversity and MHA
Is implemented with 2 Sector modules/sector
Based on IDD and UL enhancement with MHA and 4-way UL diversity
4 TX antenna required for DL (2*IDD) & 4 RX antennas for UL (4-way div +
MHA)
total of 4 antennas (4TX/RX)
The improvement to coverage: average 5dB, in rural 8dB )
up to 50% less sites are needed

Company Confidential
21 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Nokia Smart Radio Concept 2/2

Example: 2 TRX/cell
Dual TRXs Dual Antennas
Duplexers and MHAs

TX1

Duplexer
LNA+
RX1 Main
Div
Multi- X X
coupler
Div
RX2 Main LNA+

Duplexer
Div Multi-
coupler
TX2 MHA

TX3

Duplexer
LNA+
Main
RX3 Div
Multi-
coupler
Div
RX4 Main LNA+

Duplexer
Div Multi-
coupler
TX4

Company Confidential
22 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Double Power TRX with Nokia SRC 1/2
Is implemented with 2 Sector modules/sector
2 TX antenna required for DL (DPTRX & IDD) & 4 RX antennas for UL (4-
way div + MHA)
total of 4 antennas (2TX/RX+2RX)
Output power gain on average 7.5 dB
DL coverage area is 75% larger
This solution is recommended for DL limited sites (usually because of
very high masts)

Company Confidential
23 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Double Power TRX with Nokia SRC 2/2

Example: 1 TRX/cell

DTRX Units Combiners Dual Antennas


Phase feedback cable Duplexers and MHAs
for coherent combining
TX1
WBC

Duplexer
RX1 Main
Div
LNA+ X X
Multi-
Div coupler
RX2 Main
Div LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
TX2 coupler MHA
Phase feedback cable

TX3 WBC

Duplexer
Main
RX3 Div
LNA+
Multi-
Div coupler
RX4 Main
Div LNA+

Duplexer
Multi-
TX4 coupler

Company Confidential
24 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Nokia Flexi EDGE BTS RF performance
BTS Output Power DTRX DPTRX Max # of Frequency hopping
800/900/1800/1900 800/900/1800/1900 TRXs /
antenna
dBm W dBm W
element
TRX output 47.0 50 49.5 89.5 - -
IDD 50.5 112 53 200 1 RF & BB
Combiner by-pass 46.2 41.7 48.5 71 1 RF & BB
RTC 44.0 25 6 BB
WBC 2:1 42.7 18.5 2 RF & BB
WBC 4:1 39.4 8.7 4 RF & BB

BTS Receiver Sensitivity, with Sensitivity Sensitivity


Nokia High Gain MHA 800/900&1900 1800
dBm dBm
4-way diversity -118 -118.5
2-way diversity -115.5 -116
Single branch -112.5 -113

NOTE: RF performance results are not finalized.


Company Confidential
25 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
Nokia Flexi EDGE BTS output power

BTS nominal output power values are measured at the Dual Duplexer modules antenna
connector (same as TOC figures of traditional cabinets)
Output power values are defined with GMSK modulation. With 8-PSK modulation, values
are 2 dB smaller.
Intelligent Downlink Diversity (IDD) doubles (~3 dB) the received signal power at the
handset and multiple diversity gains add downlink by average of 1-2 dB, giving average
4.5 dB gain in total. Shown output power values are after air-combining without antenna
gain.
Combining options:
Combiner by-pass = No combining 1 TRX to one antenna
WBC 2:1 = One stage Wide Band Combining 1...2 TRXs to one antenna
WBC 4:1 = Two stage Wide Band Combining 1...4 TRXs to one antenna
RTC 6:1 = Remote Tune Combining (cavity combining) 1...6 TRXs to one antenna
Output power values for RTC are given with 6 TRX and minimum channel spacing.
With less TRXs and extended channel spacing, output power is up to 0.5 dB higher.

Company Confidential
26 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
(Optional slides) IDD Vs. Double Power for clarification
(1)

Main TX

D
Received signal
Auxiliary (Delayed) TX

D = Delay of 1-1.5 symbols


Dual Antenna
Baseband
IDD Duplexer and MHAs
Dual TRX Low
Correlation

Duplexer
TX1
LNA+ between
Main Multi-
RX1 Div coupler Antennas
Div
LNA+

Duplexer
RX2 Main
Div Multi- MHA
coupler
TX2

Company Confidential
27 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials
(Optional slides) IDD Vs. Double Power for clarification
(2)
Logical diagram (TX path only shown)

EWxA ERxA

Antenna
Baseband Dual and MHAs
Dual TRX Phase feedback cable
Combiner
for coherent combining Duplexer

WBC

Duplexer
TX1 X
LNA+
Main Multi-
RX1 Div coupler
Div
LNA+

Duplexer
RX2 Main
Div Multi- MHA
coupler
TX2 DP
Company Confidential
28 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials