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Facsimile,1
Pendahuluan :
Awal abad 20, perusahaan media (newspaper)
mengirimkan data image antar kantor
cabangnya
Pertengahan 80-an muncul desktop fax
machine yang sesuai untuk keperluan bisnis
dan personal
Definisi :
The telephonic transmission of scanned printed
material (both text and images)
Communication system that copies, sends, and
receives by way of telephone lines
Facsimile,2
Cara kerja :
Original document is scanned with fax machine
Text or image as a single fixed graphic image, converting
into a bitmap and then transmitting it through the
telephone system in the voice band channel
The receiving machine interpret the data and reconstruct
text or image
Pencetakan :
Older fax machine use special thermal (heat-sensitive)
paper which passes over wire that are heated in response
to electrical impulses transmitted by sending fax machines
Newer fax machine uses small laser printer or ink-jet
printer buikt into the fax to reproduce document
Facsimile, 3
Jenis :
Fax analog :
Conventional fax
Direct conversion of image darkness to voice channel
as an analog data
Fax digital :
Computer based
Computer must be equipped with faxing software and
modem, also connected to a telephone line
Software :
Prompt the computer user to enter the fax number
Compresses the file so it can be transmitted
Modem :
Convert digital file into analog signal
Handphone, 1
Telepon genggam/telepon seluler/HP
Kemampuan dasar sama dengan telepon
konvensional
Generasi 0
1941 : untuk komunikasi saat PD, dua arah
bergantian
1947 : konsep hexagonal dalam coverage area
seluler
Generasi 1
1973 : launching AMPS, analog, 800 MHz
1983 : diproduksi oleh Motorola
Handphone, 2
Generasi 2
Dimulai 1990-an
Sinyal digital
Perangkat lebih ringkas & hemat energi
Layanan voice dan SMS
Generasi 3
Standar : EDGE, W-CDMA, CDMA2000
Dilengkapi sistem operasi smartphone
Handphone, 3
Generasi 4 :
Multimedia
Jaringan berbasis IP
Handphone, 4
Microphone
Speaker
Keypad
LCD display
Memory
Baterai
LED
Codec
DSP
SIMcard reader
RF unit
External connector
Antena
Handphone, 6
Handphone, 5
Nickel Cadmium
Terjadi memory effect (reduce the capacity
of battery, lowering run time, limiting its life
span)
Untuk mengatasinya, baterai harus kosong
sebelum diisi ulang
Memiliki material beracun yang
membahayakan lingkungan
Tidak digunakan lagi di pasaran
Handphone, 6
Nickel Metal Hydride
Bentuk dan ukuran serupa NiCd
Penyimpanan energi lebih besar 30-40%
Lebih ramah lingkungan
Terjadi memory effect, tapi tidak terlalu
berdampak
Paling banyak digunakan
Handphone, 7
Lithium Ion
Mahal
Tidak kompatibel dengan HP lama
Tidak terjadi memory effect
Lithium Polymer
Paling canggih
Dibungkus plastik (bukan logam) sehingga
lebih kecil & ringan
Tidak terjadi memory effect
Handphone, 8
New Lithium
Teknologi baru
1000 kali lebih powerfull dibanding lithium
sebelumnya