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SEMINAR ON

4G TECHNOLOGY

PRESENTED BY
AKSHAY KALAMKAR

GUIDED BY
Prof. A. S. DAHANE

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND


ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
PROF RAM MEGHE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
AND MANAGEMENT-ACADEMIC YEAR 2014-2018
CONTENT
Introduction
Objectives and Approaches
Evolution - development from 1G To 4G
4G in India
How 4G works
Features of 4G
Advantages
Disadvantages
Application
Conclusion
Reference
INTROUCTION

The fourth generation (4G) technology is the fastest technology


provided for data transfer. 4G is the short term for fourth
generation wireless.

4G was introduced to provide wide area network for internet


access.

It will be fully IP based integrated system capable of providing


between 100mbps to 1Gbps in both indoor and outdoor with
premium quality and high security.
OBJECTIVE AND APPROACHES
4G is being developed to enhance Quality of service
(QOS) and rate requirements set by applications like
1.MMS(multimedia massaging service).
2.wireless broadband service.
3.video chat.
4.mobile TV.
5.digital video broadcasting.
6.high network capacity.
7.data rate of 100mbps for mobile and 1Gbps while
stationary.
EVOLUTION-1G TO 4G
1G To 4G
The first generation (1G) was introduced in the early 1980s
in Japan . it was analog and support only analog phones
with speed 2.4 kbps.
The second generation(2G) was introduced in the late
1980s and then commercially launch in Finland in 1991 .it
was mainly planned for voice transmission with digital
signal having speed up to 64kbps.
The third generation(3G) also called UMTS(universal mobile
telecommunication standard) was developed in late 1998s.
It not just provide speed up to 2 mbps but also provide
services like global roaming , superior video quality.
The fourth generation was raised in 2008 with promising
speed up to 100 mbps.
4G IN INDIA
India is latecomers in 3G.
When India completed the implementation on 3G fully , 4G
technologies like LTE available commercially.
It has taken 3 years for government to decide 3G spectrum
policy.
In India first 4G services launch on 10 April 2012 through
dongles and modems using LTE technology.
Currently in India 4G LTE of band 40 having frequency range
2300-2400 MHz active in India.
HOW 4G WORKS?
INTERNET PROTOCOL
In the 4G wireless networks each node assigned a
4G-IP address (based on IPv6) which is formed
permanent home IP address that represent actual
location of operator.
when the device (computer) wants to communicate
with other device (mobile), then the computer sends
a packet to the mobile targeting on its IP address.
OFDM
OFDM

OFDM stands orthogonal frequency division multiplexing


it transmit large amount of digital data over the radio
wave.
It works by splitting the radio signal into many sub-
signals and then transmitted simultaneously to the
receiver.
OFDM is the digital modulation technology in which the
more than thousand of orthogonal waves are
multiplexed to increase the signal Strength and it helps in
increase the bandwidth.
LTE(Long term evolution)
LTE stands for long term evolution.
The goal of LTE is to increase the capacity and
speed of networks by digital signal processing
technique.
it is use for simplification on networks
architecture to an IP based system.
The LTE is incompatible with 2G and 3G
networks.
ADVANTAGES
1] Low cost and high speed than earlier technology.
2] Data rate of 100 mbps for mobile and 1Gbps while
stationary.
3] Internet protocol (IP) based mobile system.
4] Wider bandwidths and higher bit rates.
5] A wide range of applications are operated with only
one 4G integrated terminal.
6] Provide better security than previous technology.
7] It is reliable , easier and affordable.
8] Support all the previous technology.
DISADVANTAGES

1] Customers are required to purchase a new 4G


equipment to handle this technology.
2] Battery usage is more.
APPLICATIONS

1] Virtual presence that means it provides user services all


the time.
2] for the business high speed working , video conferencing.
3] 4G provides a virtual navigation through which a user can
access a database of streets , buildings etc.
4] 4G will support the remote health monitoring of patient
using video conference.
5] 4G provide a good opportunity to people anywhere in the
world to continue their education online in a cost effective
manner.
6] It enhance the online gaming experience.
CONCLUSION
4G seems to be a very promising generation
of wireless communication that will change
the peoples life in the wireless world.
4G technology offer to reduce number of
technology to a single global network.
The 4G promises to fulfil the goal of
PCC(personal computing and
communication).
REFERENCE
1] The evolution of 4G System by
IEEE(vol.10,Issue:4Aug 2003)
2] Advanced wireless technology-4G technologies by
S.G.GLISIC.
3] S. G. GLISIC advanced wireless networks
4] 4G Wikipedia
5] www.3g4g.co.uk
6] www.technewsdaily.com
THANK YOU