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Atoms and Molecules

Basic units of EVERYTHING!


Which of these is true?
1. Atom and
molecule mean 82%
the same thing.
2. Atoms are made of
molecules.
3. Molecules are
made of atoms.
15%
3%

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What is the smallest structure in this list that can be
seen with an ordinary desk microscope?

1. Cells. 38%
35%
2. Cell nucleus.
3. Atoms.
4. Chain molecules,
such as proteins. 18%

10%

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Atoms
In our model of scale, remember that
the BB represented an atom.
Electrons

Hydrogen Helium
Neutrons
Protons

As a class, identify the atoms represented here and label


the sub-atomic particles.
Carbon Oxygen Phosphorous Calcium

What elements are represented here? Use the Periodic


Table on the wall to identify these atoms.

What does the term valence shell mean? Label the


valence shell on each of these.
Ions
Loss or gain of Losing an electron
an electron makes a positive
makes an atom - or negative ion?
into an ion.

Gaining an electron
makes a positive or
negative ion? -
Isotopes
Atoms that gain or lose a
neutron become isotopes.

Radioactive isotopes are


used in medicine for
imaging (such as PET
scanners).
Which of these is found in the
nucleus of an atom?
78%

1. Protons
2. Electrons
3. DNA
4. Depends on the
atom
11%
6% 6%

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An ion is an atom that has lost
or gained:
83%

1. An electron
2. A proton
3. A neutron
4. Any sub-atomic
particle
11%
6%
0%
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T or F: An atomic nucleus and a cell
nucleus are about the same size.
33% 33% 33%

1. True
2. False
3. Depends on which
cell and which atom.

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Atoms bond together

Molecules are made up of atoms bonded


together.
The structure of an individual atom
determines:
Whether the atom can form bonds.
How many other atoms it can bond to.
In our model of scale, remember that
the marble represented a small
molecule, such as glucose.