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DYNAMIC CONCEPT

SI 6121 DINAMIKA TANAH DAN

REKAYASA GEMPA

BY: CHRISTOPHER TANJUNG

Outline

Jenis Input Motion

Harmonic Loading

Korelasi D, V, A

Vibrating System

SDOF

Undamped free Vibration

Damped free Vibration

Jenis Input Motion

T T

T T

Jenis Input Motion

Non Periodic Periodic

U(t) = 0

Harmonic Loading

Characterized by SINUSOIDAL motion

IMPORTANT properties:

1. Amplitude (A)

2. Period (T)

3. Frequency (f)

4. Natural frequency ()

5. Phase ()

2 types of notations:

1. Trigonometry

2. Complex

Harmonic Loading

Korelasi antar paratemer

Harmonic Loading

Harmonic Loading

Imaginary Form

= 1 (imaginary number)

+

Eulers law: cos = =

2 2

= ()+ b ()

+ +

= = +

2 2 2 2

Korelasi D, V, A

D Displacement

V Kecepatan

A Percepatan

VIBRATING SYSTEM

VIBRATING SYSTEM

Definition of Degress of Freedom:

1) Longitudinal (translation about y-axis)

2) Rocking (rotation about z-axis

3) Vertical (translation about z-axis)

4) Yawing (rotation about z-axis)

5) Lateral (translation about x-axis)

6) Pitching (rotation about x-axis)

VIBRATING SYSTEM

Only in Vertical and rocking translation

Vertical direction (2 DOF) (3 DOF)

(1 DOF = SDOF)

Mass concentrateted at a finite Mass is distributed throughout system

Number of locations and have a finite DoF And have a infinite DOF

SDOF

Kekakuan

massa Q(t)

Damping

SDOF

massa Q(t)

C

SDOF - Variabel

Perpindahan (d)

Terjadi perubahan

perpindahan thd

waktu

k Kecepatan (V)

Terjadi perubahan

kecepatan thd

waktu

C

SDOF Gaya pada sistem

Perpindahan (d)

+

Kecepatan (V)

+

k Percepatan (a)

massa Q(t)

C

SDOF - Conditions

Kondisi yang dapat terjadi

Undamped free Vibration Q(t) = 0; C = 0

Damped free Vibration Q(t) = 0; C 0

UNDAMPED FREE VIBRATION

SDOF - Undamped Free Vibration

+ + = Solusi Persamaan

Q(t) = 0; C = 0

= 1 sin + 2

+ = 0

Bagi dengan m

=

+ =0

= 1 sin + 2

C1 and C2 can be obtained from initial condition of displacement and velocity (t=0)

Cos(0) = 1 dan Sin (0) = 0

0 = 1 sin 0 + 2 cos 0 = 2

1 = 2 =

0 = 1 0 2 0 = 1

Solusi Akhir = sin +

SDOF - Undamped Free Vibration

Amplitude remains constant

No energy loss (no damping)

Oscillate forever

Dont exist in the real eng. application

DAMPED FREE VIBRATION

SDOF Damped Free Vibration

+ + = 0

= 2 Critical damping

coefficient

+ + =0 Damping

= =

2 ratio

=

2

< 1 < ;

+ + 2 = 0

= 1 = ;

> 1 > ;

+2 + 2 = 0

2

+ 2 + 2 = 0 + 2 + 2 = 0

2

SDOF Damped Free Vibration

Solusi Persamaan

= 1 sin 1 2 + 2 cos 1 2

D be the damped natural circular freq:

= 1 2

= 1 sin + 2 cos

= (0) 1 sin 0 + 2 cos 0 = 2

= (0) 1 cos 0 2 sin 0 0

[1 sin 0 + 2 cos 0

= 1 2

Therefore,

+

1 = +

() = sin + cos

2 =

SDOF Damped Free Vibration

Contoh Grafik Damped Free Vibration

UNDAMPED FORCED VIBRATION

SDOF Undamped Forced Vibration

+ + =

Q(t) 0; C = 0

General solution is THE SUM of the COMPLEMENTARY and PARTICULAR solution

(describe the response caused by external loading)

+ = 0

Assume has the same form responses as harmonic loading

Solusi Undamped Free

Vibration = sin + = sin

2 /2 sin + sin = sin

=

2

(12 /2 ) = /

/ /

= =

2 1 2 Tuning Ratio:

1 2

SDOF Undamped Forced Vibration

Initial condition

SDOF Undamped Forced Vibration

Resonansi

DAMPED FORCED VIBRATION

SDOF Damped Forced Vibration

+ + = sin Homogeneous solution:

+ + = 0

Solusi Damped Free Vibration

+ + = sin = 1 sin + 2 cos

=

2 Particular solution:

= 3 sin + 4 cos

+ 2

+ = sin

= 2 = 3 cos 4 sin

+ 2 + 2 = sin

2 2

= 3 sin 4 cos

+ + = sin

2

3 2 3 2 4 sin

2

+ 4 2 4 + 2 3 cos = sin

SDOF Damped Forced Vibration

For sin = 0 for t = 0 and cos = 1, thus

2

4 2 4 + 2 3 = 0

For sin = 1 and cos = 0, thus

2 2

3 3 2 4 =

Then, C3 and C4 is solved as:

1 2 2

3 = 4 =

1 2 2 + (2)2 1 2 2 + (2)2

Finally the general solution is obtained by combinaing the complementaru and particular

solution:

1

= 1 sin + 2 cos + 2 2 2

1 2 sin 2 cos

1 + (2)

SDOF Damped Forced Vibration

Catatan:

C1 dan C2 bergantung pada kondisi awal

Solusi Complimentary (Transient) akan menghilang

seiring berjalannya waktu

Response Spectra

Spectral Acceleration

Tn=2.5 s

Tn=2.0 s

Tn=1 s Tn=1.5 s

Tn=0.5 s

Time of shaking

period

Response Spectra

The response will depend on:

Mass (m)

Stiffness (k)

Damping ratio ()

1) Calculated from actual time histories

2) PSHA

3) Building codes

1) Deformation (D)

2) Pseudo velocity (V)

3) Pseudo acceleration (A)

Convert from Deformation (D) to Vel (V) and Acceleration (A)

2

2 2

2

= = = =

All D, V, and A values are the peak response of all possible linear SDF system

Response Spectra for El Centro ground motion

Sekian

Hatur Nuhun

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