Switching in an Enterprise Network

Introducing Routing and Switching in the Enterprise – Chapter 3

ITE I Chapter 6

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Objectives
     Compare the types of switches used in an enterprise network. Explain how Spanning Tree Protocol prevents switching loops. Describe and configure VLANs on a Cisco switch. Describe and configure trunking and Inter-VLAN routing. Maintain VLANs in an enterprise network.

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2

Compare the Types of Switches Used in an Enterprise Network
 Switching and network segmentation  Content addressable memory (CAM)  Virtual circuits

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Compare the Types of Switches Used in an Enterprise Network
 Hardware-based Layer 2 switching  Software-based Layer-3 (multilayer) switching

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Compare the Types of Switches Used in an Enterprise Network
 Store and forward switching  Cut-through switching
Fast-forward Fragment-free

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5

Compare the Types of Switches Used in an Enterprise Network
 Switch physical security  Switch access security

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6

Explain How Spanning Tree Protocol Prevents Switching Loops
 Redundancy in network equipment  Redundant network links  Dangers of switching loops  Broadcast storms

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Explain How Spanning Tree Protocol Prevents Switching Loops
 Create a loop-free logical topology  Potential loop detection and port blocking  Redundancy without switching loops

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Explain How Spanning Tree Protocol Prevents Switching Loops
 Determining a root bridge  Bridge ID (BID)  Root ports, designated ports, and blocked ports

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Explain How Spanning Tree Protocol Prevents Switching Loops
 STP recalculations  Minimizing downtime
PortFast UplinkFast BackboneFast

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Explain How Spanning Tree Protocol Prevents Switching Loops
 Spanning-tree verification commands

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Explain How Spanning Tree Protocol Prevents Switching Loops
 Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol  Discarding  Active topology

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Describe and Configure VLANs on a Cisco Switch
 Virtual LANs  Logical networks  Broadcast control  Transparent to end-users

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Describe and Configure VLANs on a Cisco Switch
 VLAN functions  VLAN membership
Static Dynamic

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Describe and Configure VLANs on a Cisco Switch
 VLAN 1: management VLAN  VLAN numbers and names  Port assignment

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Describe and Configure VLANs on a Cisco Switch
 VLAN verification commands  Deleting a VLAN  Removing a port from a VLAN

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Describe and Configure VLANs on a Cisco Switch
 VLAN ID  Frame tagging: IEEE 802.1Q

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Describe and Configure Trunking and InterVLAN Routing
• Trunk port characteristics
Point-to-point link Carry multiple-VLAN traffic over single link

• Support for frame tagging • Trunk modes

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Describe and Configure Trunking and InterVLAN Routing
 Extending VLANs across switches  Configuring a native VLAN

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Describe and Configure Trunking and InterVLAN Routing
 Connectivity between different VLANs  Subinterfaces  Router-on-a-stick

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Maintain VLAN Structure on an Enterprise Network
 VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) purpose and goals  Management domain  VTP modes: server, client, transparent  VLAN database  Configuration revision number

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Maintain VLAN Structure on an Enterprise Network
 VTP messages
Summary advertisements Subset advertisements Advertisement requests

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22

Maintain VLAN Structure on an Enterprise Network
 Configuring VTP  Verifying VTP configuration

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Maintain VLAN Structure on an Enterprise Network
 VLANs and IP phones  VLANs and wireless security

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Maintain VLAN Structure on an Enterprise Network
 VLAN best practices  VLAN security

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Summary
 Switches forward traffic using store and forward or cut-through techniques  Basic security features should be applied to switches  A VLAN is a way to group hosts on the same logical network even though they may be physically separated  Frame tagging allows a switch to identify the source VLAN of an Ethernet frame.  A Layer 3 device is needed to move traffic between different VLANs.  Subinterfaces allow router interfaces to support multiple VLANs.  VLAN Trunking Protocol provides centralized control, distribution and maintenance of VLANs.

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