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U.S.

History
Thursday, October 5th
Warm Up
The Answer Is

Religion
Today in History
1830 Tecumseh is defeated by
William Harrison during the
War of 1812.
1877 Chief Joseph of the Nez
Perce Indians surrenders to
2,000 pursuing white soldiers.
The Rising Storm
2 Important French Expeditions:
1673 Louis Joliet (trapper) & Jaques Marquette
(priest) traveled down the Mississippi. Showed
France that there was a water route from Canada
to the Caribbean.
1682 La Salle explored the Mississippi and
claimed the area for France, calling it Louisiana.
The Rising Storm
However, the French never extensively colonized
the area and the population remained small.
The Rising Storm
Why were the French were a threat to the 13
colonies?
The Rising Storm
Why were the French were a threat to the 13
colonies?
1. The French had strong Indian allies.
2. The colonies had an undefined boundary with
many isolated farms.
3. American colonies were not united.
The Rising Storm
Tensions escalated as British colonists moved west
and collided with the French.
Conflict between England and France back in
Europe carried into the colonies.
The result was 4 wars from 1689-1763.
England vs. France
Year European Colonial Treaty Colonial
Name Name Weakness
1689-1697 War of the King Ryswick Lack of
League of Williams Leadership
Augsburg War and Unity
1701-1714 War of the Queen Utrecht Lack of
Spanish Annes War British
Succession protection
for colonies
1739-1748 War of the King Aix-la-
Austrian Georges Chapelle
Succession War
King Williams War
1689 to 1697 - French King Louis XIV tried to
expand into Germany, but encountered an
alliance headed by Britain.
French troops in North America fought with the
British colonists and inflicted a lot of damage.
King Williams War
The English, Dutch and other enemies of France
joined together to limit Frances power and led to
the end of the war in 1697.
The Peace of Ryswick made France weaker and
Britain stronger.
Queen Annes War
1702 to 1713 French King Louis XIV tried to
seize control of Spain by supporting his grandson
as the Spanish monarch.
The catholic King had no heirs and had willed his
kingdom to Louis XIVs grandson.
The English and Dutch opposed this with force.
Queen Annes War
In North America, fighting was main on frontier
and coasts.
Peace treaty said that France and Spain could not
unite.
Queen Annes War
American casualties were mostly women and
children.
Queen Anne sent troops to help the fight in the
colonies.
The Treaty of Utrecht ended the fighting in
1713, with control of overseas colonies paying a
role in peace negotiations.
Queen Annes War
American casualties were mostly women and
children.
Queen Anne sent troops to help the fight in the
colonies.
The Treaty of Utrecht ended the fighting in
1713, with control of overseas colonies paying a
role in peace negotiations.
King Georges War
1743-1748 - Part of a larger fight over the
succession of the Austrian throne.
In the colonies, British colonists captured a
French fort.
The conflicted ended in 1748 with the
Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle
King Georges War
1743-1748 - Part of a larger fight over the
succession of the Austrian throne.
In the colonies, British colonists captured a
French fort.
The conflicted ended in 1748 with the
Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle
King Georges War
Also known as The War of Jenkins Ear
because of how the conflict began.
British sea captain Jenkins had been
stopped by the Spanish and punished for
smuggling by cutting off his ears.
Britain used the story as propaganda against
the Spanish and its ally, France.
King Georges War
Most of the fighting that was occurring
between the British and the French in the
colonies was only an extension of the fighting
occurring between the two countries back in
Europe.
Activity
Complete Activity 5.1