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Etiologi dan Gejala Klinis Pneumonia

Kelompok II
1. dr. Dosy Mudi Nurina
2. dr. Epriyan Saputra
3. dr. Fanny Pritaningrum
4. dr. Mahafendy Suryamanika Tukan
5. dr. Trisy Adwita Heraviani
PNEUMONIA
Pneumonia didefinisikan
sebagai inflamasi pada
parenkim paru
Penyebab utama kematian
pada anak usia < 5 th

Nelson Textbook of Pediatri 20 th Edition;


page 2088-2093
ETIOLOGI
Non-
Infectious
Penyebab
Infectious
Lain

Pneumonia

Nelson Textbook of Pediatri 20 th Edition;


page 2088-2093
INFEKSI MIKROORGANISME
GEJALA
KLINIS
PNEUMONIA
Haq IJ, et al. Community acquired
pneumonia in children. BMJ. 2017
March 02; j686: page 7
MANIFESTASI KLINIS PNEUMONIA PADA
PNEUMONIA ATIPIKAL
Takipneu
Batuk
Ronki kering (crackles)
Konjungtivitis chlamydial
Distress pernafasan
Merintih (grunting)
Marcdante, K. J., R.M.Kliegman, H.B.Jenson dan R.E.Sitepu. eds. 2014. Pneumonia. Nelson Ilmu Kesehatan Anak.
6th ed. IDAI ed. Indonesia: Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia, pp:527-534
TERIMA KASIH

MOHON ASUPAN
Right lower lobe consolidation in a patient
with bacterial pneumonia.

Radiograph from a patient with bacterial pneumonia (same


patient as in the preceding image) a few days later. This
radiograph reveals progression of pneumonia into the right
middle lobe and the development of a large parapneumonic
pleural effusion.
(A) Anteroposterior radiograph from a child with presumptive viral pneumonia. (B) Lateral
radiograph of the same child with presumptive viral pneumonia.

Bennett NJ. Imaging in Pediatric Pneumonia. Medscape. 2015 November 22


Anteroposterior radiograph from a
child with a round pneumonia.
Gambaran radiologik paru pada pnuemonia atipik sangat
bervariasi. Biasanya ditemukan bercak infiltrat (perpadatan-
opasifikasi) intersisial retikuler atau reikulonoduler
segmental atau lobaris bisa disertai dengan konsolidasi
alveolar