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Which of the following is NOT associated

with Romanticism?
A. emphasis on the collective rather than on the individual
B. belief in the childs superior insight
C. celebration on nature
D. emphasis on the power of imagination
feelings, emotions, and imagination take priority over logic
and facts
belief in children's innocence and wisdom;
youth as a golden age;
adulthood as corruption and betrayal
nature as beauty and truth, esp. the sense of nature as the
sublime (god-like awesomeness mixing ecstatic pleasure
mixed with pain, beauty mixed with terror)
heroic individualism; the individual separate from the
An individual is someone who finds and assumes responsibility for
his own destiny.
"outsiders" as representatives of special worth excluded by
rigid societies or irrational norms
nostalgia for the past
desire or will as personal motivation
intensification, excess, and extremes
common people idealized as dependable source of true
common sense and sentiment
idealized or abstract settings
characters as symbolic types
the gothic as nightmare world of intense emotions and
complex psychology
2. What feeling is expressed in this line?
My heart leaps up when I behold a rainbow in the
A. surprise
B. happiness
C. fear
D. anger
3. What is Chekhovs most recognizable
achievement in his short stories?
A. His cryptic use of symbolism
B. His attention to the inner lives of his characters
C. His references to biblical scriptures
D. His use of allegory
is recognized as a master of the
modern short story and a
leading playwright of the late
19th and early 20th centuries
In his plays of these years,
Chekhov concentrated primarily
on mood and characters,
showing that they could be
more important than the plots.
4. In the Iliad, whose death brought Achilles
much sorrow and grief?
A. Patroclus
B. Thesthor
C. Nestor
D. Menelaus
5. Donnes poem can best be described as
A. intellectual
B. lyrical
C. philosophical
D. emotional
6. In Zeus plan, what is it that comes form
A. the ecstasy of truth
B. understanding and progress
C. the certainty of more suffering
D. the consolation of death
7In whose reign was the Christian church NOT
A. Neros
B. Diocletians
C. Marcus Aureliuss
D. Constantines
C. Marcus Aureliuss - FOURTH PERSECUTION
8. Which work of Lord Alfred Tennyson embodies
his ideas on immortality and death in relation to
his thoughts on Arthur Hallam?
A. Break, Break, Break
B. Crossing the Bar
C. In Memoriam
D. My Last Duchess
A. Break, Break, Break - short poem carries the emotional impact of a
person reflecting on the loss of someone he (or she) cared for
- Written in 1834 right after the sudden death of Tennysons friend
Arthur Henry Hallam
A. Crossing the Bar - written as elegy; sailor represents human being
passing from life to existence beyond death
B. In Memoriam - views the cruelty of nature and mortality in light of
materialist science and faith
C. My Last Duchess - (Robert Browning)
9.One of Rosseaus important writing on
political philosophy is __________.
A. The Republic
B. Freedom of the Will
C. The Social Contract
D. Dialectics
A. The Republic - a Socratic dialogue, written by Plato around
380 BCE, concerning justice (), the order and
character of the just city-state and the just man.
B. Freedom of the Will - Jonathan Edwards
C. The Social Contract - Jean-Jacques Rosseau - an agreement
by which the people band together for their mutual
D. Dialectics - Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel- a method of
philosophical argument that involves some sort of
contradictory process between opposing sides
10. The most popular vehicle for literacy
expression during the Spanish colonial period in
Philippine literature was the ___________.
A. essay
B. poetry
C. drama
D. short story
11. Who is known as the greatest dramatic
poet of the Elizabeth Age?
A. Sir Walter Raleigh
B. Edmund Spencer
C. William Shakespeare
D. Christopher Marlowe
12. What narrative poem tells of the heroic
exploits of great heroes?
A. Ballad
B. Lyric
C. Epic
D. Romance
13. Which of the following statements is not an
accurate reflection of ancient Greek Religious
A. The Greek god Zeus was subject to the mysterious power of fate.
B. The Greek gods were expressions of the worlds uncontrollable
C. The Greeks blamed humanity for the disorder of the universe.
D. The Greeks credited humanity with intervening mortality.
14. The literature of the earlier medieval ages
reflected clearly the life and civilization of a Heroic
Age. The primary virtues emphasized were

A. valor and honesty

B. honesty and truthfulness
C. valor and loyalty
D. loyalty and truthfulness
15. Which poetic style is most associated with
Robert Browning?

A. The sonnet
B. The Ode
C. The Lyric Ballad
D. The Dramatic Monologue
16Who is the first African nobel laureate?
A. Camara Laye - awarded annually to an author from
B. Wole Soyinka any country who has, in the words of
C. Ngugu Wa JhionO the will of Alfred Nobel, produced "in
the field of literature the most
D. Chinua Achebe
outstanding work in an ideal
Wole Soyinka
In 1986, the Nobel Prize for
Literature was awarded to Wole

Soyinka is perhaps Africas most

versatile and eclectic
intellectual--a playwright, poet,
novelist, literary and social

He has authored over 40 works.

Camara Laye
Ngugu Wa JhionO
Lotus Prize for Literature
literary award presented
annually to African and Asian
authors by the Afro-Asian
Writers' Association
Chinua Achebe
a Nigerian novelist and author
Things Fall Apart
The groundbreaking novel
centers on the cultural clash
between native African culture
and the traditional white culture
of missionaries and the colonial
government in place in Nigeria
17. According to Aristotles Poetics, which is the
most important of the six constituent elements of

A. Spectacle
B. Language
C. Plot
D. Character
six parts of a tragedy which determines its
plot - first principle; most important feature of a tragedy
characters - has second place in importance; support plot and
thought - 3rd; where something is proved to be or not to be
diction - expression of meaning of words
melody- musical element of the chorus
spectacle - main difference between an epic and tragedy
18Which of the following best describes
Machiavellis The Prince?
A. A childrens story about a lonely prince who inhabits a small planet.
B. A dialogue on the perfect qualities of a courtier
C. A military history of the City of Florence
D. A handbook on how to obtain and keep political power
Machiavellis The Prince
claimed to be one of the first works of modern
philosophy, especially modern political philosophy
relatively short, the treatise is the most remembered
of Machiavelli's works
contributed to the modern negative connotations of
the words "politics" and "politician" in western
19 Which narrative poem in French literature is an
idealization of feudal society in the early 13th
a. Song of Roland
b. Divine Comedy
c. Iliad
d. Aenid
20. The verse narrative of the suffering and
death of Christ is the ___________?
a. Doctrina Christiana
b. Pasyon
c. Cenaculo
d. Ulod
21. Which of the following statements about
Confucius is INNACURATE?
a. He was successful in implanting his vision of traditional Chou values
b. He left native Lu because of political conflicts
c. He spent 13 years wandering from one regional court to another
d. He gathered a following his later years
22. Which the following is/are example/s of
folk narratives? Folk Narratives
1. Myth - a traditional story about heroes
a. Riddle or supernatural beings, often attempting to
explain the origins of natural phenomena or
b. Legends aspects of human behaviour.
c. Proverbs Example: Visayan Creation Myth
2. Legend- traditional narrative the
D. Epic common theme of which is about the origin
of a thing, place, location or name.
Example: The Legend of Mayon Volcano
3. Fables- a short allegorical tale with a
moral, especially one in which the
characters are animals.
Example: The Monkey and the Crocodile
23. Which of the following is NOT a secular art
tradition associated with Zen spiritual training?
a. Archery
b. Calligraphy
c. Swordsmanship
d. Bonsai
24. Which of the following is NOT a theme that is
customarily associated with Dostoyevskys work?
a. Conflicts between good and evil, freedom and tyranny
b. Choices between religious faith and atheism/
c. The enormous contradictions of human nature
d. The great potential for adultery
25.Which is a short narrative poem intended
to be sung?
a. Romance
b. Ballad
c. Lyric
d. Epic
26 The type of novel which became popular
in the 18th century is____________?
b. Gothic
c. Picaresque
d. Religious
27. In Aenid, though Aenas suffers an unhappy life
and miserable death, what is his greatest
a. His protection by the Gods
b. The future glory of his sons and Odysseus
c. His love affair with Dido
d. His being compared with Achilles

Aphrodite protected him throughout the war, and was

also helped by Apollo, and even Poseidon who normally
favoured the Greeks.
28. Which of the following statements is least
likely to be associated with Japan?
a. It is a spiritual nation
b. It is a homogenous nation
c. It is a nation that speaks with one voice
d. It is heterogeneous nation
29. The true epic of India that contains the
mythology and religion of the Hindu is

a. Mahabharata
b. Panchatantra
c. Ramayana
d. Dhammapada
30. Most of Keats poem express his interest
in ____________?

a. Beauty
b. History
c. Art
d. Religion
31. What is the first great heroic narrative of
world literature?
a. Bhagavad- Gita
b. Odyssey
c. Ramayana
d. Gilgamesh
32.What historical event serves as the setting
of Tolstoys War and Peace?
A. The Napoleonic Invasion of Russia
B. The Bolshevik Revolution
C. The French Revolution
D. The Crimean War
33.How did Coleridges poem Kubla Kan come
to exist?
A. It is written response to Coleridges desire to travel
B. It is a collection of dream stimulated by drugs
C. It is an attempt to memorize Coleridges travels
D. It is written for Lord Byron

According to Coleridge's Preface to "Kubla Khan", the poem was

composed one night after he experienced an opium-influenced
dream after reading a work describing Xanadu, the summer palace of
the Mongol ruler and Emperor of China Kublai Khan.
34.Who among the following is NOT an
Elizabeth dramatist?
A. Marlowe
B. Dante
C. Jonson
D. Shakespeare
36.What is the main idea of haiku?
A. Cycle of life
B. Beauty of nature
C. Reality of death
D. Transitoriness of life
37.Sunset and evening star
and one clear call for me
and may these be no moaning of the bar
When I put out to sea.

Who is the speaker in the poem?

A. A traveler
B. A dying man
C. A captain of the ship
D. A fisherman
Crossing the Bar Twilight and evening bell,
And after that the dark!
Sunset and evening star,
And may there be no sadness of farewell,
And one clear call for me!
When I embark;
And may there be no moaning of the bar,

When I put out to sea,
For tho' from out our bourne of Time and Place

The flood may bear me far,

But such a tide as moving seems asleep,
I hope to see my Pilot face to face
Too full for sound and foam,
When I have crost the bar.
When that which drew from out the boundless deep

Turns again home.

38.What is the English translation of

Rabindranath Tagores Gitanjali?
A. Song of Offerings
B. Devotional Songs
C. Patriotic Hymns
D. Songs of Songs
a collection of poetry, the most famous work by
Rabindranath Tagore, published in India in 1910.
Tagore then translated it into prose poems in English,
as Gitanjali: Song Offerings,
39.A distinct feature of poetry during the age
of modernism is _____
A. free verse
B. blank verse
C. rhyme
D. measure
Modern poetry

Direct treatment of the "thing", whether subjective or objective.
To use absolutely no word that does not contribute to the
As regarding rhythm: to compose in sequence of the musical phrase,
not in sequence of the metronome.
Complete freedom of subject matter.
Free verse was encouraged along with other new rhythms.
Common speech language was used, and the exact word was always
to be used, as opposed to the almost exact word.
40.Which of the following is NOT a lyric
A. ode
B. sonnet
C. elegy
D. ballad
41.What is usually the topic of Filipino folk
A. heroic deeds
B. evil spirits
C. religious events
D. courtship practices
42.Which is the greatest contribution of Rome
to the western world?
A. Roman politics
B. Roman law
C. Pure mathematics
D. Body of literature
Pomponius said, "At the beginning of our city, the people
began their first activities without any fixed law, and without
any fixed rights: all things were ruled despotically, by kings
Roman law has affected the development of law in
most of Western civilization as well as in parts of the
East. It forms the basis for the law codes of most countries
of continental Europe and derivative systems elsewhere.
43.The language of the Hellenes belongs to the
Indo-European family which includes all of the
following languages EXCEPT

A. Italic
B. Celtic
C. Semitic
D. Sanskrit
family of related languages that today are widely
spoken in the Americas, Europe, and also
Western and Southern Asia
The principal language of the Italic group is Latin, originally the
speech of the city of Rome and the ancestor of the modern Romance
languages: Italian, Romanian, Spanish, Portuguese, French, and so on.
The earliest Latin inscriptions apparently date from the 6th century
bce, with literature beginning in the 3rd century. Scholars are not in
agreement as to how many other ancient languages of Italy and Sicily
belong in the same branch as Latin.
Celtic languages were spoken in the last centuries before the
Common Era (also called the Christian Era) over a wide area of
Europe, from Spain and Britain to the Balkans, with one group (the
Galatians) even in Asia Minor. Very little of the Celtic of that time and
the ensuing centuries has survived, and this branch is known almost
entirely from the Insular Celtic languagesIrish, Welsh, and others
spoken in and near the British Isles, as recorded from the 8th century
ce onward.
in the 16th century, Europeans began to learn Sanskrit. The massive
similarities between Sanskrit and Latin and Greek were noted early,
but the first person to make the correct inference and state it
conspicuously was the British Orientalist and jurist Sir William Jones,
who in 1786 said in his presidential address to the Bengal Asiatic
Society that Sanskrit bore to both Greek and Latin
In the early 21st century the most important Semitic language, in
terms of the number of speakers, was Arabic.
44.The type of novel which became popular in
the 18th century is
c. Epistolary
d. Gothic
45.The Hebrew prophet, Jesus, was born
under the reign of which Roman emperor?
A. Hadrian
B. Claudius
C. Augustus
D. Marcus Aurelius
46.Who among the following is the greatest
exponent of naturalism in literature?
A. Gustav Flaubert
B. Guy de Maupassant
C. Emile Zola
D. Andre Gide
most vocal advocate was the French
author mile Zola
influence of Zola's naturalism was
particularly prominent in Russia
naturalist charge in the United States was
led by novelist and critic Frank Norris (1870
1902), dubbed "the boy Zola" by
contemporary critics
involves informed, systematic observation of the
material world.

For the naturalist thinker, human beings are nothing

more than a part of this worldlike rocks, plants, and
animals, they are subject to the laws of physics,
chemistry, and biology, which govern human behavior
as inexorably as they govern the natural world.
47.With which sphere of life are Confucian
roles most linked?
A. Political
B. Social
C. Military
D. Religious

Confucianism is often characterized as a system of social

and ethical philosophy rather than a religion.
48. My two decades of experience as a journalism
teacher, my tireless commitment to the children in this
community, and my willingness to share my
pedagogical knowledge make an ideal candidate for
principal ship, is an example of an appeal to

A. Pathos
B. Ethos
C. Bathos
D. Logos
Aristotles Ingredients for Persuasion

Ethos Logos

an appeal to ethics, and it is a means of convincing someone
of the character or credibility of the persuader.
"As a doctor, I am qualified to tell you that this course of
treatment will likely generate the best results.
"My three decades of experience in public service, my
tireless commitment to the people of this community, and
my willingness to reach across the aisle and cooperate with
the opposition, make me the ideal candidate for your
an appeal to emotion, and is a way of convincing an
audience of an argument by creating an emotional response
"If we dont move soon, were all going to die! Cant you see
how dangerous it would be to stay?
"Im not just invested in this community I love every
building, every business, every hard-working member of this
an appeal to logic, and is a way of persuading an audience by
"The data is perfectly clear: this investment has consistently
turned a profit year-over-year, even in spite of market
declines in other areas.
"Ladies and gentlemen of the jury: we have not only the
fingerprints, the lack of an alibi, a clear motive, and an
expressed desire to commit the robbery We also have
video of the suspect breaking in. The case could not be more
open and shut."
a literary term, coined by Alexander Pope in his 1727 essay
"Peri Bathous
If something starts out serious and then turns trivial,
thats bathos.
a change from a serious subject to a disappointing one
If youre watching a serious drama about Polands transition
to capitalism and it suddenly ends in a giddy car chase, you
might remark on the films unexpected bathos.
49. While a cold hand snatched you away like a
kite - I should have come home. What is expressed
in this line?
A. Regret
B. Love
C. Sadness
D. Loss
50.What is the topic of lyric poetry?
A. Religion
B. Women
C. Nature
D. Feelings or emotions
51.Who among these writers is famous for
using local color in his stories
A. Manuel Arguilla
B. Juan C. Laya
C. Carlos Bulosan
D. F. Sionel Jose
52.Read the lines and answer the question that
Daylight, I must wait for the sunrise
I must think of a new life
And I mustnt give in

What is the mood expressed in the lines?

A. Hopeful
B. Lonely
C. Depressed
D. Content
53.The use of fragmentary discourse and stream of
consciousness technique are marks of
A. Cubism
B. Symbolism
C. Modernism
D. Impressionism
54.The following are factors that affect
acquiring 2nd language EXCEPT
A. emotion
B. physical state
C. motivation
D. attitude
Factors Affecting Second Language Learning
Aptitude: is a major factor determining the level of success of second
language learning (Douglous et al 1995)
Motivation: proven to account for differential success in second language
individuals who are motivated to learn the second language will learn faster and to a
greater degree than those who are not.
Learning Strategies: Steps or actions taken by learners to improve the
development of their language skills
Personality: Learners emotional states have a powerful influence on their
behaviour and performance in the classroom and other learning situations.
introverts generally perform better academically whereas an extrovert appears more
likely to take advantage of social opportunities for second language input (Coleman &
Klapper 2005)
55.Which phrase would CORRECTLY complete the
sentence: I was not satisfied __________ of the

A. of the result
B. with the result
C. in the result
D. to the result
56. Aside from grammatical competence, what
else would a learner need to use English well?
A. social skills
B. listening skills
C. sociolinguistic competence
D. discourse competence
57.Which of the following is a statement that
expresses an indirect request?
A. Put your bag here.
B. Please wait for me.
C. Kindly bring them back tomorrow.
D. Dont you think its rather cold here?
58.The following are factors teachers must
consider when teaching EXCEPT
A. learners purpose of learning
B. the size of the class
C. learners prior learning experience
D. how learners learn
59.When the class is asked to listen to a set of
instructions in English, which of these techniques
will help them process the material?
A. Identifying the topic sentence
B. Identifying the key words
C. Repeating each sentence
D. Listening to every work
60.Apart from drills, what other activities can a
teacher make use of to develop accuracy among
the learners?
A. Small group discussions
B. Dyads
C. Mini-dialogues
D. Games
61.What is the difference between an
auxiliary verb and a linking verb?
A. A linking verb goes with a main verb
B. An auxiliary verb can stand by itself
C. A linking verb can stand by itself
D. An auxiliary verb goes with a main verb
62.Which of these syntactic structures underline
the teaching of five basic sentence patterns?
A. Predication
B. Subordination
C. Modification
D. Complementation
63.A teacher who teachers the learners how to ask
and give information, express their feelings, give
directions, engage in conversation, etc. believes
that language is
A. useful
B. functional
C. universal
D. formal
64.The indirect object in the sentence
Carlo gave Toni a beautiful shawl from Baguio
A. Toni
B. beautiful
C. shawl
D. Baguio
65.Task-based Language Teaching is based on
the assumption that language is
A. a means of making meaning
B. used for acquiring information
C. used for conversation
D. a means of learning
In a task-based lesson the teacher doesn't pre-
determine what language will be studied, the lesson
is based around the completion of a central task and
the language studied is determined by what happens
as the students complete it.
66.A language learner who is able to paraphrase
or coin a word when at a loss for a vocabulary
word has
A. strategic competence
B. grammatical competence
C. discourse competence
D. sociolinguistic competence

coined by Dell Hymes in reaction to Chomsky's

it is the intuitive functional knowledge and control of
the principles of language usage.
four components of COMMUNICATIVE
linguistic competence - knowledge of language code (grammar,
vocabulary, and conventions)
sociolinguistic competence - knowledge of sociocultural rules; use of
language depends on setting, topic & relationship of people
discourse competence - produce oral/written text; deals with
organising words, phrases and sentences in order to create
conversations, speeches, poetry, email messages, newspaper articles
strategic competence - recognise and repair communication
breakdowns before, during, or after they occur, e.g. loss for words
67.The ability to interpret elements of individual
messages in terms of their interconnectedness is
__________ competence.
A. grammatical
B. sociolinguistic
C. strategic
D. discourse

Discourse competence is knowing how to interpret the larger context

and how to construct longer stretches of language so that the parts
make up a coherent whole.
68.A functional communicative need refers to
the desire to
A. belong to the language group
B. express a feeling
C. convey a message
D. be understood
69.Which do learners do in a suggestopedia
learning activity?
A. Learners are in a relaxed and reclining position
B. Learners write
C. Learners share their feelings in small group
D. Learners are engaged in reading, the main activity
developed in the 1970s by the Bulgarian
psychoterapist and educator Georgi Lozanov
A teaching method based on the idea how the
humanbrain works and how we learn most effectively.
It includesa rich sensory learning, a positive
expectation of successand the use of a varied range of
methods like dramatised texts, music, active
participation in songs and games, etc.
students naturally set up psychological barriersto learning -
based on fears that they will be unable to perform and are
limited interms of their ability to learn

develop a language learning method that focusedon

"desuggestion" of the limitations learners think they have

provide the sort of relaxed state of mind that would facilitate

the retention of material to its maximum potential
70.The three important dimensions to consider
when teaching a language form are what it looks
like, when it is used and _________
A. how it differs from how it
B. where it comes from
C. how it relates to other forms
D. what function(s) it serves
71.What is the function of the first prepositional
phrase in the sentence, Classes on the third floor
were transferred to the ground floor?

A. a nominal
B. an adverbial
C. a verbal
D. an adjective
72.When the teacher gives pointers on how to
produce critical sounds, he/she is using a
__________ strategy.
A. learning
B. language use
C. communication
D. production
73.A functional communicative need refers to
the desire to
A. convey a message
B. belong to the language group
C. express a feeling
D. be understood
74.The English for a Specific Purpose (ESP)
movement views language as
A. a tool for communication meaning
B. a highly structured system
C. a vehicle of listening
D. governed by rules
75.The following are examples of fluency-based
activities that encourage learners to develop their
confidence EXCEPT __________.
A. interviews
B. drills
C. surveys
D. games
76.The range of meaning between two
opposite words can be done through
A. pictures
B. gestures
C. context clues
D. cline
77.A method of teaching where generalizations
are drawn from several examples is
A. formal
B. inductive
C. informal
D. deductive
78.Which of the following phonemic transcription
corresponds to a voiced palatal affricate?
A. /z/
B. /ch/
C. /j/
D. /c/
79.Which of these activities will encourage
oral interaction among learners?
A. Pattern practice, language games, fluency drills
B. Fluency drills, problem solving, substitution drills
C. Discussion session, drills, mini-mem activities
D. Simulations, role play, problem solving
80. The primary focus of Communicative
Language Teaching is to help learners
A. create meaning through interaction
B. acquire native-like pronunciation
C. develop perfect grammatical structures
D. do pattern practice
81.The following are communicative approaches
which can be utilized for communicative language
teaching EXCEPT

A. Cooperative learning
B. Content-Based instruction
C. Audio-lingual approach
D. Natural approach
created by the linguists Tracy D. Terrell and Stephen Krashen
in the late seventies of the 20th century, and is based on this
natural way of picking up a language
82. What would determine the basic
sentence patterns in English?
A. The type of noun and verb
B. The subject and predicate
C. The subject and adjective
D. The type of verb
83. English teachers must have knowledge of
phonetics because it
A. provides basis for correct pronunciation
B. provides precise description of the articulation of the English
C. helps identify difficult sounds
D. emphasizes the characteristic of the English language
84. In which word is C pronounced as /k/?
A. century
B. censure
C. city
D. cold
85. What do normal persons possess that enable
them to learn a language spontaneously?
A. language device
B. habit formation
C. grammar rules
D. language competence
86. Which verb will fit in the sentence, Carmelo
_________ plating the guitar as a hobby?
A. has enjoyed
B. enjoys
C. will enjoy
D. enjoy
87.Which of the following theories of language
learning emphasizes that a child can creatively
construct his/her knowledge of language?
A. Cognitive theory
B. Interactionist theory
C. Functionalist theory
D. Behaviorist theory
Cognitive Theory

It is impossible for the young child to voice concepts that are totally unknown
to them.
Children learn about the world first, then map language onto their prior

Example of Cognitive Theory

An infant experiences the house cat; they know that it meows, is furry, purrs,
eats from a bowl in the kitchen
hence develops the concept of cat first then learns to map the word kitty
onto that concept
posits that children acquire language through social interaction, with
older children or adults in particular
functionalists assume that children do not have any innate
knowledge of grammar [] it assumes that children are not born
with grammatical categories such as verb and noun but must acquire
them by generalising across the adult speech that they hear,
therefore most functionalist approaches are input based
focuses on the social constructions and experiences children go
through while growing up
believes that infants learn oral language from other human role
modelsthrough a process involving imitation, rewards, and practice.
Human role models in an infantsenvironment provide the stimuli and
rewards, (Cooter & Reutzel, 2004)
88. Which pair of words has the same vowel
A. law-caught
B. fall-fell
C. had-head
D. sink-seek
89.An example of a learning strategy in
learning a language is
A. learning the synonym and antonym of a word
B. memorizing rules
C. referring to a dictionary
D. writing a dialogue
90.Which of the following is a factor in
determining level of usage of language?
A. the time
B. the occasion
C. purpose
D. location
91.Which is a systematic collection of artifacts
documenting students literacy development?
A. portfolio
B. reading log
C. journal
D. literacy album
systematic and meaningful collections of artifacts
documenting students' literacy development over a
period of time
students can choose the items to place in their
portfolios within the guidelines the teacher provides
helps show patterns of growth from one literacy
milestone to another in ways that are not possible
with other types of assessment
Reading Log
a great tool that assists teachers, parents and children
92.A teacher regularly assesses the reading skills
of students in class. Which of the following
assessment results most clearly suggests the need
for an instructional intervention of strengthen
word identification skills?
A. A student has trouble decoding common single-syllable words with
regular spelling.
B. A student uses phonetics spelling when writing many common single-
syllable words.
C. A student relies heavily on background knowledge to construct meaning
from a text.
D. A student has trouble dividing spoken words into syllables or
93.Which of the following about decoding is most
consistent with an integrated art meaningful to
teaching reading?
A. Phoneme-grapheme relationships should be taught in a particular
B. Decoding skills are not helpful to the reading process so students
should learn to read by reading.
C. New words should be introduced everyday so that students will
learn more words.
D. Sound-symbol relationships should be taught or reinforced within
the context of meaningful literature.
94. An accurate indicator of overall reading
competency is
A. automatic decoding skills
B. phonemic awareness
C. oral reading fluency
D. word recognition
automatic decoding skills
Being able to read words rapidly with high or near perfect accuracy,
or automatization, depends upon developing effective decoding
skills as well as building a sight word vocabulary.
determine the number of words that students can read correctly in
one minute
students are assessed individually as they read aloud for one minute
from an unpracticed passage of text
WCPM has been shown, in both theoretical and empirical research, to
serve as an accurate and powerful indicator of overall reading
competence especially through its strong correlation with
95.What is one reason for giving post-reading
activities to students?
A. for the development of multiple intelligences
B. to give remedial instruction
C. for them to fully understand the text
D. to keep students engrossed in the text
96.In which stage of the reading process does
a reader set targets?
A. Exploring
B. Extending
C. Preparing to read
D. Reading
5 Stages to the Reading Process (Tompkins)

97.Which novel written by Stevan Javellana tells of
a woman torn between the love of her husband
and obedience to deeply engrained native
customs and social conventions?
a. Watch in the Night
b. Without Seeing the Dawn
c. The Hand of the Enemy
d. The United
98.Which language system is focused on
A. Syntactic
B. Phonological
C. Semantics
D. Pragmatic
99.The following are examples of storytelling
techniques EXCEPT
A. boxboard stories
B. apron stories
C. read-aloud
D. story collage
These stores are faithfully retold for bedtime. The
simple and respectful words are brought to life on
every page with bright and appealing illustration
to delight every young child.
One way to share our stories is to make art representing different
"pages" or chapters of our stories on paper.
Using the medium of collage, our stories can come out more quickly,
sometimes, than writing words.
Bright papers and specific shapes made out of paper or fabric and
colors that represent joy, success, new life in one's culture and life are
used for some "pages."
Darker papers and fabrics and other shapes are used to create the
darker parts of our stories. Magazine pictures can be used to
represent an entire story in our lives.
100.Which cueing system is used in
pronouncing words?
A. Semantic
B. Pragmatic
C. Syntactic
D. Phonological
The Four Cueing Systems

Semantic Graphophonic

Syntactic Pragmatic
The Four Cueing Systems
Readers use all four cueing systems to make sense of what they are
Cueing systems work together to help the reader comprehend text
Depending on the text, the reader may rely more heavily on one
cueing system than another.
Semantic Cueing System
The semantic cueing system involves using clues in the
text to determine the meaning of an unknown word.
Within word clues, such as prefixes or suffixes
Other words in the sentence
Other words in the paragraph or whole text
Picture or graphic clues
Graphophonic Cueing System
The graphophonic cueing system helps readers to
sound out unknown words.
If the word is already in the readers oral vocabulary, she
can sound out the word and attach meaning to it.
If the word is not in the readers oral vocabulary, she may
be able to sound out the word but not know the meaning.
Syntactic Cueing System
The syntactic cueing system gives the reader clues
from the sentence structure.
We can predict what type of word will come next in a
sentence from our knowledge of the English sentence
structure. Ex.
The boy rode the ______ bike. (Based on our knowledge of
English, we know that an adjective must go in the blank. This is
a syntactic clue.)
Pragmatic Cueing System
Based on the readers background and the context of the
reading, the reader has certain expectations for the text.
For example, you expect text in this class to be related to reading.
When background knowledge is lacking on the topic, this cueing
system may be weak for that text.
When the readers cultural background is different from the
authors, he may have trouble using this cueing system because
expectations are different.
Using the Cueing Systems Together
Effective readers use all the cueing systems together to
construct meaning from text. Ex.
Example: The boy climbed the __________.
Semantic Cue: It has to be something you can climb.
Pragmatic Cue: There are only certain things we climbladders, trees,
Syntactic Cue: If there is only one word that goes in the blank, it has to be a
noun, a thing
Graphophonic Cue: There are no graphophonic cues but if I told you the
word began with a t, that would narrow the possibilities down even more.
101.In the Directed Reading Thinking Activity,
what are the students expected to do after
reading the arts of the text assigned to them
A. To provide what will happen next
B. To provide an ending
C. To name the character
D. To guess the title
Directed Reading Thinking Activity (DRTA)
a comprehension strategy that guides students
in asking questions about a text, making
predictions, and then reading to confirm or
refute their predictions
The DRTA process encourages students to be
active and thoughtful readers, enhancing their
102.Which is an interactive activity for
inferring character traits?
A. Response log
B. Venn diagram
C. Story map
D. Role playing
a good way to examine student
They offer students a place to
respond personally, to ask
questions, to predict, to reflect,
to collect vocabulary and to
compose their thoughts about
A story map is a strategy that uses
STORY MAP a graphic organizer to help
students learn the elements of a
book or story.
By identifying story characters,
plot, setting, problem and solution,
students read carefully to learn the
There are many different types of
story map graphic organizers.
The most basic focus on the
beginning, middle, and end of the
More advanced organizers focus
more on plot or character traits.
103.Which of the following statements describes
the approach in teaching word recognition?
A. It uses various systems to determine meaning.
B. Teaching starts with relationship between sound and letters.
C. Focus is on syllabication.
D. Word recognition is emphasized.
104.In reading, what skills are involved in
making inferences?
A. Relating factors stated in a passage to unstated factors
B. Making informed guesses regarding the outcome of a reading
C. Relating information stated in different parts of the selection
D. Looking up the meaning of unfamiliar words
Making Inferences
Making an inference involves using what you
know to make a guess about what you don't
know, or reading between the lines.
105.A questioning technique where the questions
are sequenced in such a way that it logically
unfolds the story is

A. dimensional intensive
B. MI planning questions
C. gradual psychological unfolding
D. dimensional ordinary
The Gradual Psychological Unfolding Approach

1. Asking the motivation question

2. Unlocking the difficulties
3. Presentation of the story
4. Silent reading of the story
5. Asking the motive question
6. Asking questions in sequential order, bit by bit and gradually until the
whole story is unfolded.
106.Which behavior is NOT manifested by one
A. Pursues personal interest
B. Has lots of friends
C. Enjoys cooperative game
D. Volunteers help when others need it
107.During the practice stage, the teacher
often works with
A. the whole class
B. pairs
C. small group
D. individual
a dialogue is learned by the first whole class,
then smaller groups and
finally individual learners
108.Which approach should be used for
teaching reading?
A. Psycholinguistic
B. Skills monitoring
C. Basal textbook
D. Language process
Basal Reading Approach
is a technique used to teach children reading skills
Basal stems from the word "base" or "basic."
Commonly called "reading books" or "readers," basal
readers are short stories, including individual books
for learners, a teacher's edition, workbooks,
assessments and activities for a specific reading level.
109.Which BEST describes the reading and
the writing processes?

A. The stage occur in sequence.

B. Children use different mental processes for reading, listening,
talking, and writing.
C. The different stages merge and repeat.
D. The arrangement implies that the different language arts develop
110.The question what part of the story best
describes the main character? tests
comprehension at the ____________ level.
A. evaluative
B. creative
C. literal
D. interpretive
A. evaluative - are those which deal with matters of judgement, value,
and choice
B. creative
C. literal - asks for you to look back and recall
D. interpretive - inferential; piece together information and create a
new idea
111.Which of the following is NOT a strategy
for unlocking difficulty?
A. Context clues
B. Gesturing
C. Word games
D. Pictures
112.The instructional procedure that makes use of
childrens language and experience is _________.
A. directed-reading-thinking activity
B. interactive method
C. individualized method
D. language experience approach
Language Experience Approach
The language experience approach (LEA) is a
whole language approach that promotes reading and writing
through the use of personal experiences and oral language.
rationale behind LEA is that materials with familiar
vocabulary and ideas are more meaningful and accessible
than texts found in pre-prepared books
The following sections describe the steps of an Language Experience Approach lesson.
STEP #1: A Shared Experience
The LEA process begins with something the class does together, such as a field trip, an
experiment, or some other hands-on activity. If this is not possible, a sequence of
pictures (that tell a story) can be used, as can a student describing a sequence of events
from real life.
STEP #2: Creating the Text
Next, the teacher and students, as a group, verbally recreate the shared experience.
Students take turns volunteering information, as in a large-group discussion. The teacher
transcribes the students words on the board in an organized way to create the text.
STEP #3: Read & Revise
The class reads the story aloud and discusses it. The teacher asks if the students want to
make any corrections or additions to the story. Then she marks the changes t4hey
suggest and makes further suggestions, if needed.
STEP #4: Read and Reread
The final story can be read in a choral or echo style, or both. Students can also read in
small groups or pairs, and then individually.
STEP #5: Extension
This text can be used for a variety of literacy activities like illustrations or creating
comprehension questions.
113.In the taxonomy of reading comprehension,
the highest level where the reader makes use of
divergent skills to come up with new ideas is the
___________ level.

A. creative
B. evaluative
C. interpretive
D. integrative
114.The use of a prereading period lasting
several weeks, during which, no reading materials
are used is most closely associated with the
A. grammar-translation method
B. audio-lingual method
C. Rassias method
D. generative-transformational
A. grammar-translation method
B. audio-lingual method
C. Rassias method - The Rassias Method is a unique approach that
speeds language learning, increases language retention and has you
speaking and understanding in "Ten days that make a difference.
D. generative-transformational
115.What would be the last resort in
unlocking of difficult words?
A. translation
B. meaningful use
C. Repetition
D. Integration
116.The following are examples of graphic
organizers EXCEPT _________
A. Frayer model
B. Word games
C. Semantic mapping
D. Thinking tree
117.Which cueing system is used in rhyming
A. Graphophonics
B. Pragmatic
C. Syntactic
D. Semantic
118.Which is a statement of fact?
A. Photography is difficult to learn.
B. Photography is an expensive hobby.
C. Photography is not a real art form.
D. Photography is a process based on light.
119.Of the different principles of effective
teaching of reading, which is IMPROMPERLY
A. Effective teachers use instructional approaches on how children
B. Effective teachers use the four cueing system to support students.
C. Effective teachers select appropriate reading materials.
D. Effective teachers go out of the structured classrooms to create
community of readers.
120.The cloze technique would be LEAST useful for
testing a students ability to _______
A. use socio-cultural clues in learning vocabulary
B. comprehend a reading passage
C. use structural clues in determining meaning
D. project expectations about the outcome of a situation
121.What is the prime consideration to ensure the
relevance of instructional materials to the
A. Grade/Year level
B. Textbooks used
C. Goals and objectives
D. Inclusion of evaluation
122.Materials design reflects the learning by
doing philosophy. This implies that instructional
materials should _________.
A. promote silent reading
B. require group presentations
C. stimulate interaction
D. encourage journal writing
123.A current practice among advertisers to
design products that make the public
environmentally sensitive is called ________.

A. sales advertising
B. gatekeeping
C. agenda setting
D. green marketing
Green Marketing
Green marketing refers to the process of selling
products and/or services based on their
environmental benefits.
Agenda Setting
Agenda-setting theory describes the "ability [of the news media] to
influence the salience of topics on the public agenda." ... That is, if a
news item is covered frequently and prominently, the audience will
regard the issue as more important.
Gatekeeping is the process through which information is filtered for
dissemination, whether for publication, broadcasting, the Internet, or
some other mode of communication. The academic theory of
gatekeeping is founded in multiple fields of study, including
communication studies, journalism, political science, and sociology.
occurs at all levels of the media structurefrom a reporter deciding
which sources are chosen to include in a story to editors deciding
which stories are printed or covered, and includes media outlet
owners and even advertisers
124. Media plays an important role in conflict
resolution because they _________
A. can propose solutions to conflict
B. they are the primary source of information regarding conflicts
C. they do balance reporting
D. they have access to both parties
125.The following are examples of multimedia
instructional materials EXCEPT
A. compact discs
B. film clips
C. trade books
D. video tapes
126.Which of the following is NOT a basic
component of the communication process?
A. Source
B. Message
C. Advertisements
D. Channels
127.Which of the following is an example of
limitations of press freedom?
A. Control of what is disseminated
B. Law on national security
C. Retrieval of information
D. Access of information
Shooting from the hip writing without basis or data verification
The Source Story no source e.g., an unidentified source admits
Poetic License use of poetic tools in journalistic writing
Manufactured stories fabricated stories
Conflict of interest credibility of the reporter
Misquotation inaccurate reporting
Labeling prejudicial reporting e.g., Muslims as rebels
Yellow journalism sensationalism
128.The journalistic practice of using sensational
headlines and stunt reporting is called
A. yellow journalism
B. development journalism
C. environmental journalism
D. advocacy journalism
129.Which best describes flexi-materials?
A. For classroom use only
B. Encourage teachers to add to the given text
C. Require teachers to create more materials
D. Allow flexibility in terms of presentation
Teachers are given a set of 'raw' materials/texts
They are then ENCOURAGED to add further texts they find for
Teachers are then FREE TO DECIDE which texts to use, in which order,
and with which procedures
This gives them CONTROL over content, order, pace, and procedure.
130. When a news reporter is accused of invasion
of privacy, what other defense can he give aside
from newsworthiness?

A. Victims consent
B. Impartial reporting
C. Honest reporting
D. Victims welfare
Finally, in addition to newsworthiness, a
subject's consent to publication may also shield
a publisher from liability in a private-facts case.
131.What type of evaluation is done when a
learner reads the front and back covers and the
directory pages of a book?
A. Content evaluation
B. Physical evaluation
C. Internal evaluation
D. External evaluation
External Evaluation aims to examine the organization of the material
as stated explicitly by the author of the publisher. This type of
evaluation analyzes what the book tells about itself by looking at
the ad blurb, the introduction, and table of contents.Through external
evaluation, information on the following may be called: Intended
audience Proficiency level Context in which the materials are to be
used Organization into teachable units Date of publication
Authors view on language learning and teaching Publisher
Internal Evaluation covers an in-depth investigation of the value of
the material in relation to its objectives, principles, lesson design, and
assessment procedures. At this stage, the evaluator analyzes the
extent to which claims in the introduction and blurbs actually match
up with the internal consistency and organization of the materials. In
order to perform effective internal evaluation of the material, at least
two units of a book or a set of materials need to be inspected.
132.What is one possible disadvantage of
using computer-assisted instruction?
A. It results in passive learning
B. Materials are either too easy or too difficult
C. Materials are difficult to prepare
D. Teachers become too dependent on programmed instruction
133.Which of the following belongs to mass
A. Feature films
B. E-mails
C. Photography
D. Stage plays
134.Which is an example of a learning task
having direct authenticity?
A. Simulation
B. Filling in a blank application form
C. Small group discussion
D. Role playing
135.Half-size newspapers that often resort to
sensational publication are called ______
A. newsletters
B. broadsheets
C. gazettes
D. tabloids
136.Telegrams, newspapers, and magazines
are examples of ____________ media.
A. electronic
B. representational
C. mechanical
D. presentational
mechanical media we E-mail
mean written or Weekly letters or newsletters
electronic channels Personal letters
These channels can be used Billboards
as archives for messages or Intranet
for giving the big picture and Magazines or papers
a deeper knowledge. Sms
Social media
137.Which of these equipment can a teacher
use to project images on a white screen?
B. Disc player
D. Television
138.Which of the following can be the basis of
making TV stations answer for airing clips of
A. The right to privacy of victims
B. The question of ethics
C. Sense of decency
D. Disservice to public interest
A. The right to privacy of victims
B. The question of ethics -
C. Sense of decency - forbidden to broadcast obscene scenes and
indecent speech
D. Disservice to public interest - inaccurate media reports
139.Which of the following should be
included in instructional materials?
A. Learning text and tasks
B. Reference materials
C. Teaching strategies
D. Materials instruction
Instructional materials may be operationally defined as especially
designed classroom tools which contain instructions to learners and
teachers, and which specify each increment of learning: the content
to be learned; the techniques of presentation; practice and use of
that content; and the modes of teaching associated with those
techniques (Johnson, RELC Journal) Instructional materials generally
serve as the basis for much of the language input learners receive and
the language practice that occurs in the classroom (Richards)
140.Instructional materials are considered
authentic when
A. activities are teacher-made
B. the materials are genuine
C. the texts promote language learning in various contexts
D. drills are properly sequenced
141.Which should NOT be incorporated in
instructional materials?
A. Encouraging learners to monitor their own learning
B. Engaging interaction
C. Fostering competition between and among learners
D. Evaluating the effectiveness of classroom task
142.Which contains the course description,
objectives, topics to be taught and the
A. Syllabus
B. Course outline
C. Curriculum
D. Learning competencies
143.Which of the following is an example of
an authentic task?
A. Learning how to use a public phone
B. Organizing a student club
C. Engaging in group discussion
D. Watching a video presentation
144.Classroom tasks are said to have direct
authenticity when they ________
A. promote interest in the language
B. provide opportunities for the learners to use the language
C. replicate communicative behavior observed in the real world
D. are done by the learners themselves
145.A technique used in the Natural
Approach is
A. Total Physical Response
B. Suggestopedia
C. Drilling
D. Task-Based Language Teaching
146.Which are considered authentic
A. Advertisements
B. Textbooks
C. Journals
D. Pamphlets
147.Which is NOT a consideration in
evaluating instructional materials?
A. Teaching style
B. Language type
C. Layout and design
D. Subject and content
148.Which is the correct ordering of the reading
C.Preparing to read
a) A-B-C-D-E
b) C-A-E-B-D
c) B-E-A-C-D
d) D-E-B-A-C
149.Instructional materials are considered
authentic when
A. drills are properly sequenced
B. the texts promote language learning in various contexts
C. activities are teacher-made
D. the materials are genuine
150.If instructional materials are concept-related,
inquiry-related and learner-centered, what
principle of materials production is achieved?

A. structuring of materials
B. sequencing of materials
C. layout and design
D. transfer of learning
Transfer of learning may be done in a number of ways.
Transfer of learning maybe concept-related, inquiry-related, learner
or utilization-related.
The first two organizers seem to work best with intrinsically
motivated students and the second two best with students who
needs to be extrinsically motivated. Since most students need some
extrinsic motivation, learner-related and utilization-related
materials will be more effective with majority of students.
Which of the following statements is NOT true about slang
a. Are expressions that are not considered standard in the
speaker's language or dialect
b. Are considered acceptable in certain social settings
c. Are widely used in informal and formal speech and writing
d. May be new words or old ones used with a new meaning
e. Have a very short, momentary life


Which of the following statements characterize ESP in the context of
English language teaching?
a. It is designed to meet specified needs of the learner.
b. It is related in content to particular disciplines, occupations and
c. It is centred on the language appropriate to those activities in syntax,
lexis, discourse, semantics, etc., and analysis of this discourse.
d. It is in contrast with General English.
e. All of the above
Which of the following statements define stylistics accurately?
a. It deals with expressive means which secure the desirable effect
of the utterance (linguo-stylistics)
b. Is the study of literary discourse from a linguistic orientation
(H.G. WIDOWSON's definition)
c. Explicates the message to interpret and evaluate literary
writings as works of art (literary criticism)
d. All of the Above
e. None of the Above
Which of the following statements about sentence structure is NOT
a. Two words (lexis) that belong to the same category (lexical category)
can substitute each other in a sentence. (synonym)
b. Each word has a limitless range of possible functions. (not all words
have different functions)
c. There are restrictions on how the words can combine to form
grammatical phrases.
d. Lexical categories can expand into bigger strings of words called
phrasal categories.
e. The distribution of a word in a sentence structure determines its
function. (yes just like mother- can be used as a noun/verb - it depends)