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CHEME 100 Lecture 1

Outline
Syllabus and class overview
Chapter 2: Introduction to Engineering Calculations
Chapter 3: Process and Process Variables

Reading
Chapters 1-3

Next Lecture (9/29)


Chapter 4: Material Balance Single Unit

Announcements
Homework #1 due next Thursday (10/1)
No Discussion this Friday.
SYLLABUS: CHE 100 - Chemical Processes, FALL 2015

Introduction to chemical engineering calculations, unit equations, process stoichiometry, material and
energy balances, states of matter, and case studies.

Class Time: Tuesdays and Thursdays 4pm to 6pm, Kinsey 1240B.


Discussions: Fridays Sec 1A: 12 pm to 1 pm, 2434 PAB, Nick
Sec 1B: 12 pm to 1 pm, 9436 Boelter, Matt
Sec 1C: 1 pm to 2 pm, 9436 Boelter, Yan

Class website: https://courseweb.seas.ucla.edu/ (Syllabus, handouts and solutions will be posted)


Class email: che100ucla@gmail.com (send all comments, concerns and questions to this email!)

Instructor: Yi Tang, Professor, yitang@ucla.edu


5531 Boelter Hall, 1-310-825-0375
Office Hours: Wednesday 3 5 PM.

TAs: Nicholas Liu, Main TA, nicholasliu92@gmail.com


7673 Boelter Hall
Office Hour Thursday 3-4 PM

Yan Yan, mywillflint@gmail.com


7673 Boelter Hall
Office Hour Thursday 2-3 PM

Matt Theisen, mtheisen@ucla.edu


7673 Boelter Hall
Office Hour Monday 1-2 PM
Textbook:
Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Richard M. Felder and Ronald W. Rousseau, Third
Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1999 / 2005

READ the chapter material prior to lectures.


Try to bring your book to every class.
Carefully follow all example problems.
Be familiar with all the useful tables in the text.

The text for this course is perhaps more helpful than any other textbook in the Chemical Engineering
curriculum. Each chapter basically introduces a series of rather simple concepts, definitions, and
problem solving approaches, and then provides examples incorporating these things.

I will be teaching from the book. So reading chapters prior to lecture will provide familiarity with
lecture material. There is more than one way to solve the problems in this course. In many cases I
will be solving example problems given in the text, but using a slightly different approach. A new
perspective on how to think about or approach example problems can provide more insights into
solving exam problems.

** Be aware that the newest version of the 3rd edition includes Integrated Media and Study Tools
these are not required but strongly recommended as study aids. The Student Workbook nicely
outlines solutions to problems at the end of each chapter. While there will be many problems &
solutions for you to study (through homeworks, examples in class, and examples throughout the
chapters), the additional solutions to problems provided in the Student Workbook are a great source
for more practice.
Topics: (each class is 1 hour and 50 minutes with 10 minute break in between, two classes per week)
1. Introduction to Chemical Engineering and Engineering Calculations, Processes and Process
Variables, chapter 2-3 (1 class)
2. Fundamentals of Material Balances, chapter 4 (5 classes)
3. Single-Phase Systems, chapter 5 (2 class)
4. Multiphase System, chapter 6 (3 classes)
5. Energy and Energy Balances, chapter 7 (1 classes)
6. Balances on Nonreactive Processes, chapter 8 (2 classes)
7. Balances on Reactive Processes, chapter 9 (2 classes)

Evaluation:
1. Homework (7 total, adding up to 10% of total grade).
Homework sets are due at the beginning of classes on the dates indicated in the syllabus. Solutions
will be posted shortly after the due date. Homework sets are assigned to help you prepare for exams.
The problems selected will be representative of the types of problems you might find in an exam.
You are encouraged to solve homework sets in groups, and you may turn in homework as a group (up
to 4 people). Complete understanding of each problem is needed to pass the class. The grader will
only grade one of the problems on the homework, but will check for effort and completeness.
When visiting TA or instructor during office hours, dont ask for the solution. We will give you some
hints on how to get started, but we wont solve the problems for you.

2. Examinations (2 examinations plus final exam, 30% + 30% + 30%)


Exams will be open book. No computers, no cell phones, no ipads
Calculators will be needed during exams.
Exam I: Tuesday, October 20, in class
Exam II: Tuesday, November 10, in class
FINAL EXAM: Tuesday, Dec 8, 11:30AM-2:30 PM
Guidelines to solving homework and test problems:

1. Steps to solving the problem:


a. Read the problem twice: first for scope, second for detail.
b. What is given? Write down the numbers or equations given (including units), provide a simple but
complete sketch if useful, do not just copy the word problem.
c. Write down what you are trying to find. what are the unknown variables? You will learn how to
perform a degree of freedom analysis: what information can you use to constrain the solution:
material balances, process specifications (given in the problem statement), physical laws /
mathematical constraints.
d. Write down the equations you will use to solve the problem. Plan a strategy.

2. Write legibly, use complete sentences or phrases, be neat.

3. Show your units throughout the problem.

4. Develop the problem in a clear, logical fashion. Space your work on the page so it is easily followed.
Give all the necessary details of your calculations, derivations, etc.

5. State all of your assumptions.

6. Box your answers. Check to see if they are reasonable.

7. Do not report more (or fewer) significant digits in the answer than the input to the problem justifies.
To maintain accuracy, additional significant digits should be carried in intermediate computations.
Homework:

8. Number your pages consecutively and staple your pages together. Do not fold or use a
paperclip!

9. Do not use solutions obtained from former classes or from the solution manual (this is
cheating and will also hurt your abilities to solve exam problems).

10. Attempt the problem. If you cannot work it, only then see the instructor or the TA.

Grading (subject to change):

The mean/average grade in this class will be somewhere between a B and B-.
One standard deviation above: B+ and A-.
Two standard deviations above: A and A+ (up to 3 A+ for this class)
One standard deviation below: C and C+
Two standard deviations below: C-, D
Three standard deviations below: F

Facts about this class:

1. This is the first true chemical engineering class in your major curriculum.
2. This class will involve significant calculations on homework and examinations.
3. Doing and understanding the homework are essential for passing the class.
4. We want everyone to succeed.
5. It only gets harder from here.
Class Rules:

Respect others, no talking during class. Raise your hand before asking a question. I will try my best to
answer every question during class. If I dont take your question, it doesnt mean I am ignoring you. I may
be short on time and must cover the scheduled material in class. Talk to me at the end of the class or come
to my office.

Contact: use the dedicated email che100ucla@gmail.com. The instructor and TAs will check the account
often and will answer reasonable questions promptly. Do not use other email address unless you want to
address an issue separately to the instructor or TA (for example, complaint about TA, other non-class
related issues).

We welcome all inquiries into grades. However, discussion of grading must be done in a respectful fashion.
We treat all students equally and no exceptions will be made unless it is medically related (doctors note
required).

Cell phone policy (http://www.registrar.ucla.edu/soc/notices.htm)

Any disruption of a class due to the audible beeping or use of cell phones or pagers will be treated as a
violation of Section 102.13 of the UCLA Student Conduct Code and will subject a student to sanctions up to
and including suspension or dismissal. Cell phones and pagers must be turned off while in classes, libraries,
or other quiet areas
102.13: Obstruction or Disruption: Obstruction or disruption of teaching, research, administration,
disciplinary procedures, or other University activities.
Academic Honesty: Students are required to read and understand University policies
regarding academic honesty and integrity, and the consequences of academic
misconduct / dishonesty:
http://www.studentgroups.ucla.edu/dos/students/integrity/

What happens when you are caught cheating:

When a student is suspected to be involved in academic dishonesty, the Academic


Senate requires that the instructor report the allegation to the Dean of Students Office.
The instructor will file a report and provide supporting evidence such as a copy of the
exam or paper in question.

If it is alleged that you engaged in academic dishonesty, dont panic! Read the allegations
carefully. You may consider talking with your professor to clarify the situation and/or
pursue clarification during your interview(s) with the Dean.

If you admit culpability, and if the Dean concludes that there is sufficient evidence to
sustain a finding of culpability, the Dean may impose, or impose and suspend, one or
more of the sanctions listed in the UCLA Student Conduct Code. Sanctions for violation
of University policies regarding academic dishonesty include suspension or dismissal. If
the matter cannot be resolved between the Dean and the student, the Dean may refer
the case to the Student Conduct Committee for a hearing.
Tentative Course Schedule **Subject to Change!**
It is the students responsibility to pay attention to drop dates!!!

Lecture # Material Covered Reading HWK


1 24-SepThur Introduction-Single Unit Chapeters 1-3
2 29-SepTues Material Balance - Single Unit Chapter 4
3 1-OctThur Material Balance - Multiple Unit Chapter 4 HWK 1 Due 10/1
4 6-OctTues Material Balance - Multiple Unit Chapter 4
5 8-OctThur Material Balance - Reactive systems Chapter 4 HWK 2 Due 10/8
6 13-OctTues Material Balance - Combustion & review Chapter 4
7 15-OctThur Single Phase Systems Chapter 5 HWK 3 Due 10/15
20-OctTues MIDTERM 1 (Lectures 1-6)
8 22-OctThur Single/Multi-Phase Systems Chapter 5/6
9 27-OctTues Multi-Phase Systems Chapter 6 HWK 4 Due 10/27
10 29-OctThur Multi-Phase Systems Chapter 6
11 3-NovTues Multi-Phase Systems Chapter 6
12 5-NovThur Multi-Phase Systems & Review HWK 5 Due 11/5
10-NovTues MIDTERM 2 (Lectures 7-12)
13 12-NovThur Energy and Energy Balance Chapter 7
14 17-NovTues Energy and Energy Balance Chapter 7
15 19-NovThur Energy Balance - Nonreactive system Chapter 8
16 24-NovTues Energy Balance - Nonreactive system Chapter 8 HWK 6 Due 11/24
26-NovThur THANKSGIVING
17 1-DecTues Energy Balance - Reactive Systems Chapter 9
18 3-DecThur Energy Balance - Reactive Systems Chapter 9 HWK 7 Due 12/3
Final 8-Dec11:30-2:30
ABET Information

All CBE graduates are expected to acquire certain knowledge and skills by the time of graduation. These
are called ABET Program Outcomes and are listed on the departmental website, on CourseWeb, and on
a poster in the hall outside 5531/5532 BH. Each required course addresses a subset of these 15
outcomes (a o) to varying extent. A matrix of course topics and program outcomes is published for
each required class on CourseWeb (go to ABET/CSAB under Class Resources). An entry of 0 in the matrix
or for the course as a whole indicates that the particular outcome is not addressed at all, whereas an
entry of 3 indicates that the course addresses the particular outcome strongly. In addition, each
required course is assigned one or more highlighted outcomes.

The instructor must make a detailed assessment of whether or not students in the class achieved
satisfactory performance relative to all highlighted outcomes for the course.

The highlighted outcomes for CBE 100 are:


(f) Abilities to make ethical decisions consistent with an engineers professional responsibilities.
(h) The broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global,
economic, environmental, and societal context.
(i) A recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning.
(j) A knowledge of contemporary issues.
(m) A working knowledge of thermodynamics and of material and energy balances.

In this class, certain designated problems on the homework, term and final examinations, which will be
noted clearly on printed materials, will be used for ABET assessment purposes. A score of 80% or better
on these particular problems will provide evidence that the outcomes have been met.
What is this class?
Introduction to analysis and design of industrial
chemical processes.

Material and energy balances of single and


multiple units in a chemical process.

Problem solving.
Chemical Engineering Processes
A process is an operation or a series of operations that achieve an objective.
A process involves changes to the composition, state and energy of the components in the system of interest
A Chemical Reaction to a Chemist

catalyst

A+BC+D
A Chemical Reaction to a Chemical Engineer
What is the most safe and sustainable way of running this reaction?
How can $$$ be made from this reaction?
How can this reaction be integrated with the rest of the plant?

$$$, must be
purified and
Where are A and B coming How to remove D safely if toxic to
recycled.
from inside the plant? environment?
catalyst
What state of matter of A
and B are most suitable? A+BC+D
$$$, ensure maximum conversion How can C be purified from D, A and B?

$$$, how can unreacted A or B


be recovered and recycled? How can C be pushed to the next reactor?
What is industrial Chemical Process?
What is industrial Chemical Process?
A VERY QUICK OVERVIEW OF
CHAPTERS 2-3

Chapter 2: Engineering calculations.

Chapter 3: Process variables


Chapter 2 Checklist
Pay particular attention to .

Pay attention to other points in the chapter as well.


Chapter 3 Process Variables
Process:
Operations or series of operations that achieve an
objective
Distillation Separation Process
Reaction Chemical Conversion Process
Crystallization Purification Process

Processes are characterized by process


variables.
Process Variables
A process can be defined with variables:
Mass, volume
Flow rate (mass or molar flow rates)
Chemical composition (mole fraction,
concentration, etc)
Pressure
Temperature
Specific Gravity (dimensionless)
SG = r / rref

rref = rH2O (l) (4C) = 1.000 g/cm3


1000 kg/m3
62.43 lbm/ft3

SG is listed in table B1.


Flow rate (mass or molar flow rates)
Chemical composition (mole fraction, concentration, etc)
Pressure
Psig, Psi and Psia
Ppsia = Ppsig + Patm Patm = 14.7 psi

In absolute vacuum: Ppsia = 0.

Ppsig can be considered as overpressure over


atmospheric pressure of 14.7 psi (measured
by gauge), or relative to Patm.

If a tank of gas has a Ppsig of 10 psig, the


absolute pressure is Ppsia = 24.7 psia
psia and psig

What is the pressure (psia and psig) in the tank when the needle hits zero?
psia and psig

What is the pressure (psia and psig) when the tire gauge reads 32 psi?
What is the pressure in the tire when it is completely flat?
Temperature