Linear Variable Differential Transformers
Jason Hart CEE 498
DC LVDT s Applications to Structural Engineering Costs
.This presentation covers:
How LVDT s work Types of LVDT s AC vs.
How LVDT s Work
Types of LVDT s
Unguided Armature Captive Armature SpringSpring-extended Armature
Measured Object Armature must be attached to the specimen Armature fits loosely in the bore Body must be separately supported & properly aligned
There is no wear on the LVDT because no contact is made between armature and bore. LVDT does not restrict the resolution of measured data ( infinite resolution ).
high-speed shorthighapplications (vibration)
time displ.Unguided Armature
WellWell-suited for short-range.
Armature must be attached to the specimen Armature is both guided and restrained by a low friction assembly Body must be separately supported
Advantages compared to unguided armature: Better for longer working ranges Preferred when misalignment may occur
it has a low-friction bearing assembly Internal spring to continuously push the armature to its fullest possible extension
Measured Object Like the captive armature.
The spring-extended armature is best suited springfor slow-moving applications. slowAttachment between armature and specimen is not required.
.AC LVDT s
Advantages compared to DC LVDT s:
Smaller size More accurate Can operate within a wide temperature range Lower unit cost.
Signal conditioning equipment is part of the LVDT. Can operate from dry cell batteries Usually lower system cost
.DC LVDT s
Advantages compared to AC LVDT s:
Ease of installation and signal conditioning.
Mounting the LVDT to a stationary location is critical. LVDT s can measure displacement response directly in dynamic experiments.
.Applications to Structural Engineering
LVDT s are reliable for measuring member deflection in many structural engineering experiments.
Unguided Armature LVDT
An LVDT with a 3 range purchased from Macrosensors. Costs $485 for DC. Inc. in quantities of one or two: Costs $330 for AC.
costs of LVDT s range from $50 to $1600. Costs $1359 for DC. Inc.Costs
Spring Extended Armature LVDT
An LVDT with a +/.2 range purchased from +/Macrosensors. without considering specialty LVDT s such as hermetically sealed. in quantities of one or two: Costs $1156 for AC.
There are three types of LVDT: unguided armature. captive armature. but the entire measurement system must be considered.
. while DC LVDT s include signal conditioning equipment on the device.Summary
LVDT s are robust equipment for measuring deflection. AC LVDT s cost less than DC. AC LVDT s require separate signal conditioning equipment. and spring-extended springarmature.
macrosensors.daytronic. DC): http://www. Links to LVDT manufacturers found in report by Tjen Nung Tjhin updated on April 24.
.com/ms-lvdt_faq-tutorial.htm Figure on slide 12 (AC vs.com/products/trans/lvdt/default.html Cost information obtained from Microsensors.macrosensors. Inc. 2001.References
Figure on slide 3 (How LVDT s work): http://www.com/ms-lvdt_faqhttp://www.